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9681
Acetylated-Lysine Mouse mAb (Ac-K-103)
Primary Antibodies
Monoclonal Antibody

Acetylated-Lysine Mouse mAb (Ac-K-103) #9681

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Citations (104)
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  1. WB
Western Blotting Image 1: Acetylated-Lysine Mouse mAb (Ac-K-103)

Western blot analysis of extracts from COS cells, untreated or TSA-treated (0.4 µM for 18 hours), using Acetylated-Lysine Mouse mAb (Ac-K-103).

Western Blotting Image 2: Acetylated-Lysine Mouse mAb (Ac-K-103)

Western blot analysis of extracts from NIH/3T3 cells, untreated (lane 2) or treated in vitro with CPB (lane 3) or PCAF (lane 4), using Acetylated-Lysine Mouse mAb (Ac-K-103). (Lanes 1 and 5: PCAF and CBP, respectively, showing auto acetylation.

To Purchase # 9681S
Product # Size Price
9681S
400 µl $ 259

Supporting Data

REACTIVITY All
SENSITIVITY Endogenous
MW (kDa)
Source/Isotype Mouse IgG2a

Application Key:

  • W-Western
  • IP-Immunoprecipitation
  • IHC-Immunohistochemistry
  • ChIP-Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • IF-Immunofluorescence
  • F-Flow Cytometry
  • E-P-ELISA-Peptide

Species Cross-Reactivity Key:

  • H-Human
  • M-Mouse
  • R-Rat
  • Hm-Hamster
  • Mk-Monkey
  • Mi-Mink
  • C-Chicken
  • Dm-D. melanogaster
  • X-Xenopus
  • Z-Zebrafish
  • B-Bovine
  • Dg-Dog
  • Pg-Pig
  • Sc-S. cerevisiae
  • Ce-C. elegans
  • Hr-Horse
  • All-All Species Expected

Product Usage Information

Application Dilution
Western Blotting 1:1000
Peptide ELISA (DELFIA) 1:1000

Storage

Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA, 50% glycerol and less than 0.02% sodium azide. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.

Protocol

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Western Blotting Protocol

For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted primary antibody in 5% w/v BSA, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween® 20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.

NOTE: Please refer to primary antibody product webpage for recommended antibody dilution.

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.

  1. 20X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): (#9808) To prepare 1 L 1X PBS: add 50 ml 20X PBS to 950 ml dH2O, mix.
  2. 10X Tris Buffered Saline (TBS): (#12498) To prepare 1 L 1X TBS: add 100 ml 10X to 900 ml dH2O, mix.
  3. 1X SDS Sample Buffer: Blue Loading Pack (#7722) or Red Loading Pack (#7723) Prepare fresh 3X reducing loading buffer by adding 1/10 volume 30X DTT to 1 volume of 3X SDS loading buffer. Dilute to 1X with dH2O.
  4. 10X Tris-Glycine SDS Running Buffer: (#4050) To prepare 1 L 1X running buffer: add 100 ml 10X running buffer to 900 ml dH2O, mix.
  5. 10X Tris-Glycine Transfer Buffer: (#12539) To prepare 1 L 1X Transfer Buffer: add 100 ml 10X Transfer Buffer to 200 ml methanol + 700 ml dH2O, mix.
  6. 10X Tris Buffered Saline with Tween® 20 (TBST): (#9997) To prepare 1 L 1X TBST: add 100 ml 10X TBST to 900 ml dH2O, mix.
  7. Nonfat Dry Milk: (#9999).
  8. Blocking Buffer: 1X TBST with 5% w/v nonfat dry milk; for 150 ml, add 7.5 g nonfat dry milk to 150 ml 1X TBST and mix well.
  9. Wash Buffer: (#9997) 1X TBST.
  10. Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA): (#9998).
  11. Primary Antibody Dilution Buffer: 1X TBST with 5% BSA; for 20 ml, add 1.0 g BSA to 20 ml 1X TBST and mix well.
  12. Biotinylated Protein Ladder Detection Pack: (#7727).
  13. Prestained Protein Marker, Broad Range (11-190 kDa): (#13953).
  14. Blotting Membrane and Paper: (#12369) This protocol has been optimized for nitrocellulose membranes. Pore size 0.2 µm is generally recommended.
  15. Secondary Antibody Conjugated to HRP: Anti-mouse IgG, HRP-linked Antibody (#7076).
  16. Detection Reagent: SignalFire™ ECL Reagent (#6883).

B. Protein Blotting

A general protocol for sample preparation.

  1. Treat cells by adding fresh media containing regulator for desired time.
  2. Aspirate media from cultures; wash cells with 1X PBS; aspirate.
  3. Lyse cells by adding 1X SDS sample buffer (100 µl per well of 6-well plate or 500 µl for a 10 cm diameter plate). Immediately scrape the cells off the plate and transfer the extract to a microcentrifuge tube. Keep on ice.
  4. Sonicate for 10–15 sec to complete cell lysis and shear DNA (to reduce sample viscosity).
  5. Heat a 20 µl sample to 95–100°C for 5 min; cool on ice.
  6. Microcentrifuge for 5 min.
  7. Load 20 µl onto SDS-PAGE gel (10 cm x 10 cm).

    NOTE: Loading of prestained molecular weight markers (#13953, 10 µl/lane) to verify electrotransfer and biotinylated protein ladder (#7727, 10 µl/lane) to determine molecular weights are recommended.

  8. Electrotransfer to nitrocellulose membrane (#12369).

C. Membrane Blocking and Antibody Incubations

NOTE: Volumes are for 10 cm x 10 cm (100 cm2) of membrane; for different sized membranes, adjust volumes accordingly.

I. Membrane Blocking

  1. (Optional) After transfer, wash nitrocellulose membrane with 25 ml TBS for 5 min at room temperature.
  2. Incubate membrane in 25 ml of blocking buffer for 1 hr at room temperature.
  3. Wash three times for 5 min each with 15 ml of TBST.

II. Primary Antibody Incubation

  1. Incubate membrane and primary antibody (at the appropriate dilution and diluent as recommended in the product webpage) in 10 ml primary antibody dilution buffer with gentle agitation overnight at 4°C.
  2. Wash three times for 5 min each with 15 ml of TBST.
  3. Incubate membrane with Anti-mouse IgG, HRP-linked Antibody (#7076 at 1:2000) and Anti-biotin, HRP-linked Antibody (#7075 at 1:1000–1:3000) to detect biotinylated protein markers in 10 ml of blocking buffer with gentle agitation for 1 hr at room temperature.
  4. Wash three times for 5 min each with 15 ml of TBST.
  5. Proceed with detection (Section D).

D. Detection of Proteins

Directions for Use:

  1. Wash membrane-bound HRP (antibody conjugate) three times for 5 minutes in TBST.
  2. Prepare 1X SignalFire™ ECL Reagent (#6883) by diluting one part 2X Reagent A and one part 2X Reagent B (e.g. for 10 ml, add 5 ml Reagent A and 5 ml Reagent B). Mix well.
  3. Incubate substrate with membrane for 1 minute, remove excess solution (membrane remains wet), wrap in plastic and expose to X-ray film.

* Avoid repeated exposure to skin.

posted June 2005

revised June 2020

Protocol Id: 262

ELISA Peptide

A. Solutions and Reagents

  1. Carbonate Buffer: 15 mM Na2CO3, 35 mM NaHCO3, 0.2 g/L NaN3 (pH 9.6). Use 1 μM synthetic peptide in carbonate buffer.
  2. 10X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): To prepare 1 L add 80 g sodium chloride (NaCl), 2 g potassium chloride (KCl), 14.4 g sodium phosphate, dibasic (Na2HPO4) and 2.4 g potassium phosphate, monobasic (KH2PO4) to 1 L dH2O. Adjust pH to 7.4.
  3. Wash Buffer: 1X PBS containing 0.05% Tween-20 (PBST)
  4. Blocking Buffer: 10 mg/ml bovine serum albumin (BSA) in PBST
  5. Antibody Dilution Buffer: 3% BSA in PBST
  6. DELFIA® Europium-labeled Anti-mouse IgG for mouse primary antibodies or Anti-rabbit IgG (PerkinElmer Life Sciences #AD0124) for rabbit primary antibodies.
  7. DELFIA® Enhancement Solution (PerkinElmer Life Sciences #1244-105)

(DELFIA® is a registered trademark of PerkinElmer, Inc.)

B. Protocol

  1. Coat the wells of a 96-well microtiter plate with 100 μl of 1 μM synthetic peptide in carbonate buffer by incubating overnight at 4°C or for 2 to 6 hrs at 37°C. If the peptide does not bind or absorb, try other buffers in the pH 4–8 range.
  2. Wash plate three times 200 μl/well with wash buffer.
  3. Block plate with 200 μl/well blocking buffer for 1 hr at 37°C. Wash plate three times with wash buffer. (May leave dry plate at 4°C for 1–2 months if desired.)
  4. Prepare appropriate dilution of primary antibody with antibody dilution buffer. Add 100 μl to wells and incubate at 37°C for 1 hr.
  5. Wash three times with wash buffer.
  6. Add 67 ng/well DELFIA Europium-labeled Anti-mouse IgG or Anti-rabbit IgG, diluted in 100 μl/well antibody dilution buffer. Incubate at room temperature for 30 min, on gentle shaker.
  7. Wash three times with wash buffer.
  8. Add 100 μl enhancement solution and incubate at room temperature for 5 min. Read plate at 615 nm with an appropriate time-resolved plate reader.

posted June 2005

revised September 2007

Protocol Id: 34

Specificity / Sensitivity

Acetylated-Lysine Mouse mAb (Ac-K-103) detects proteins only when posttranslationally modified by acetylation on the epsilon-amine groups of lysine residues. Detection of acetylated lysine by this antibody is largely independent of surrounding amino acid sequence. The antibody has been shown to recognize acetylated proteins including histones, p53, CBP, PCAF and chemically acetylated BSA. (U.S. Patent No's.: 6,441,140; 6,982,318; 7,259,022; 7,344,714; U.S.S.N. 11,484,485; and all foreign equivalents.)

Species Reactivity:

All Species Expected

Source / Purification

Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic acetylated lysine-containing peptide.

Background

Acetylation of lysine, like phosphorylation of serine, threonine or tyrosine, is an important reversible modification controlling protein activity. The conserved amino-terminal domains of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4) contain lysines that are acetylated by histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and deacetylated by histone deacetylases (HDACs) (1). Signaling resulting in acetylation/deacetylation of histones, transcription factors, and other proteins affects a diverse array of cellular processes including chromatin structure and gene activity, cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis (2-6). Recent proteomic surveys suggest that acetylation of lysine residues may be a widespread and important form of posttranslational protein modification that affects thousands of proteins involved in control of cell cycle and metabolism, longevity, actin polymerization, and nuclear transport (7,8). The regulation of protein acetylation status is impaired in cancer and polyglutamine diseases (9), and HDACs have become promising targets for anti-cancer drugs currently in development (10).

  1. Hassig, C.A. and Schreiber, S.L. (1997) Curr Opin Chem Biol 1, 300-8.
  2. Allfrey, V.G. et al. (1964) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 51, 786-94.
  3. Liu, L. et al. (1999) Mol Cell Biol 19, 1202-9.
  4. Boyes, J. et al. (1998) Nature 396, 594-8.
  5. Polevoda, B. and Sherman, F. (2002) Genome Biol 3, reviews 0006.
  6. Yoshida, M. et al. (2003) Prog Cell Cycle Res 5, 269-78.
  7. Kim, S.C. et al. (2006) Mol Cell 23, 607-18.
  8. Choudhary, C. et al. (2009) Science 325, 834-40.
  9. Hughes, R.E. (2002) Curr Biol 12, R141-3.
  10. Vigushin, D.M. and Coombes, R.C. (2004) Curr Cancer Drug Targets 4, 205-18.

Limited Uses

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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
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