Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded histone H3 K9M mutant mouse small intestine (left) or wild-type mouse small intestine (right) using Histone H3 (K9M Mutant Specific) (E4N7V) Rabbit mAb. (Tissue courtesy of Dr. Aaron Huebner, Hochedlinger Lab at Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA.)
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded 293T cell pellet, H3F3A-transfected (left) or mutant K9M H3F3A-transfected (right), using Histone H3 (K9M Mutant Specific) (E4N7V) Rabbit mAb.
|Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin)||1:400 - 1:1600|
Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA, 50% glycerol and less than 0.02% sodium azide. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
NOTE: Do not allow slides to dry at any time during this procedure.
For Citrate: Heat slides in a microwave submersed in 1X citrate unmasking solution until boiling is initiated; follow with 10 min at a sub-boiling temperature (95°-98°C). Cool slides on bench top for 30 min.
|SignalStain® Boost IHC Detection Reagent (HRP, Rabbit) #8114||SignalStain® Boost IHC Detection Reagent (AP, Rabbit) #18653|
|SignalStain® DAB Substrate Kit #8059||SignalStain® Vibrant Red Alkaline Phosphatase Substrate Kit #76713|
|SignalStain® Vivid Purple Peroxidase Substrate Kit #96632|
NOTE: Use of detection reagents other than those specified in this protocol may require further optimization of the primary antibody to account for the different sensitivities of the detection reagents.
posted February 2010
revised June 2020
Protocol Id: 283
Histone H3 (K9M Mutant Specific) (E4N7V) Rabbit mAb recognizes endogenous levels of K9M mutant histone H3.1, H3.2, and H3.3 proteins. The antibody does not cross-react with wild-type histone H3.1, H3.2, or H3.3.
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to K9M mutant sequence of human histone H3.3 protein.
Multiple exome sequencing analyses have uncovered a high frequency of histone H3 driver mutations in a number of different cancers, including diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG), chondroblastoma, sarcomas, and HPV-negative head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Previous studies have shown that lysine to methionine histone mutations in these cancers act as potent inhibitors of their respective lysine methyltransferases, resulting in gross alterations to the histone methylation landscape and deregulation of gene expression. In DIPG for example, the histone H3 K27M mutation is accompanied by a dramatic reduction in the levels of polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2)-mediated tri-methylation of histone H3 lysine 27, changes in the distribution of PRC2 on the genome, and altered expression of genes associated with various cancer pathways (1-3). In chondrocytomas, the histone H3 K36M mutation functions to inhibit the WHSC1 (MMSET) and SETD2 histone methyltransferases, resulting in a reduction in the levels of histone H3 lysine 36 tri-methylation and deregulation of a number of cancer-associated genes (4). Similar to the H3K27M and H3K36M mutations, the histone H3 K9M mutation has been shown to inhibit the H3K9-directed histone methyltransferase G9a, resulting in reduced levels of histone H3 lysine 9 trimethylation (5). Given the widespread role of G9a in the regulation of gene expression, it is likely that this K9M mutation also plays a role in cancer.
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