Western blot analysis of extracts from various cell lines using IL-1α Antibody (upper) or β-Actin (D6A8) Rabbit mAb #8457 (lower).
Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA and 50% glycerol. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.
For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted primary antibody in 5% w/v nonfat dry milk, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween® 20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.
NOTE: Please refer to primary antibody product webpage for recommended antibody dilution.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
Load 20 µl onto SDS-PAGE gel (10 cm x 10 cm).
NOTE: Volumes are for 10 cm x 10 cm (100 cm2) of membrane; for different sized membranes, adjust volumes accordingly.
* Avoid repeated exposure to skin.
posted June 2005
revised June 2020
Protocol Id: 263
IL-1α Antibody recognizes endogenous levels of total IL-1α protein.
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues near the carboxy terminus of human IL-1α protein. Antibodies are purified by peptide affinity chromatography.
Interleukin 1 alpha (IL-1α) belongs to the IL-1 family of cytokines with 11 members including IL-1β. IL-1α is expressed in many cell types of both hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic origins under steady state, and its expression can be increased in response to appropriate stimuli (1,2). Like IL-1β, IL-1α is also synthesized as a precursor (pro-IL-1α) and can be cleaved into smaller mature forms. However, both pro-IL-1α and the cleaved form of IL-1α are biologically active and can activate the signaling pathway through the membrane receptor IL-1R1. IL-1α is active both as a secreted form and as a membrane-bound form. Due to such characteristics, passive leakage of IL-1α from dying cells can activate inflammation, leading some researchers to consider IL-1α as a key “alarmin in the cell” that alerts the host to damage or injury (3,4). In addition, IL-1α can also enter the nucleus to modulate transcription (5,6).
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