The Methyl-Histone H3 (Lys79) Antibody Sampler Kit provides an economical means of detecting levels of mono-, di-, and tri-methyl histone H3 Lys79 using methyl-specific and control histone H3 antibodies. The kit contains enough primary antibodies to perform at least two western blot experiments.
Specificity / Sensitivity
Each antibody in the Methyl-Histone H3 (Lys79) Antibody Sampler Kit detects endogenous levels of its target protein. Tri-Methyl-Histone H3 (Lys79) (E8B3M) Rabbit mAb recognizes endogenous levels of histone H3 protein when tri-methylated at Lys79. This antibody shows some cross-reactivity to histone H3 that is di-methylated on Lys79, but does not cross-react with non-methylated or mono-methylated histone H3 Lys79. Di-Methyl-Histone H3 (Lys79) (D15E8) XP® Rabbit mAb detects endogenous levels of histone H3 only when di-methylated on Lys79. Mono-Methyl-Histone H3 (Lys79) (D5X1S) Rabbit mAb recognizes endogenous levels of histone H3 protein only when mono-methylated at Lys79. These methyl-Lys79 antibodies do not cross-react with histone H3 methylated at Lys4, Lys9, Lys27, or Lys36. Histone H3 (D1H2) XP® Rabbit mAb detects endogenous levels of total Histone H3 protein, including isoforms H3.1, H3.2, H3.3, and the variant histone CENP-A. This antibody does not cross-react with other core histones.
In addition, the antibody does not cross-react with methylated histone H3 Lys4, Lys9, Lys27, Lys36 or methylated histone H4 Lys20.
Source / Purification
Monoclonal methyl-histone H3 Lys79 antibodies are produced by immunizing rabbits with synthetic peptides corresponding to the amino terminus of histone H3 in which Lys79 is mono-, di-, or tri-methylated. The control histone H3 monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to the carboxy terminus of the human histone H3 protein.
The nucleosome, made up of four core histone proteins (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4), is the primary building block of chromatin. Originally thought to function as a static scaffold for DNA packaging, histones have now been shown to be dynamic proteins, undergoing multiple types of post-translational modifications, including acetylation, phosphorylation, methylation, and ubiquitination (1). Histone methylation is a major determinant for the formation of active and inactive regions of the genome and is crucial for the proper programming of the genome during development (2,3). Arginine methylation of histones H3 (Arg2, 17, 26) and H4 (Arg3) promotes transcriptional activation and is mediated by a family of protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs), including the co-activators PRMT1 and CARM1 (PRMT4) (4). In contrast, a more diverse set of histone lysine methyltransferases has been identified, all but one of which contain a conserved catalytic SET domain originally identified in the Drosophila Su(var)3-9, Enhancer of zeste, and Trithorax proteins. Lysine methylation occurs primarily on histones H3 (Lys4, 9, 27, 36, 79) and H4 (Lys20) and has been implicated in both transcriptional activation and silencing (4). Methylation of these lysine residues coordinates the recruitment of chromatin modifying enzymes containing methyl-lysine binding modules such as chromodomains (HP1, PRC1), PHD fingers (BPTF, ING2), tudor domains (53BP1), and WD-40 domains (WDR5) (5-8). The discovery of histone demethylases such as PADI4, LSD1, JMJD1, JMJD2, and JHDM1 has shown that methylation is a reversible epigenetic marker (9).
Methylation of histone H3 Lys79 is mediated by the DOT1L histone methyltransferase, is associated with transcriptionally active genes, and plays a role in the regulation of DNA damage response, cell cycle, and embryonic stem cell development.
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