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69789
PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb
Primary Antibodies
Monoclonal Antibody

PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb #69789

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  1. IHC
  2. IF
Immunohistochemistry Image 1: PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded U-138 MG cell pellet (left, high-expressing) or AN3-CA cell pellet (right, low-expressing) using PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb.

Immunohistochemistry Image 2: PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human placenta using PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb (left) compared to concentration-matched Rabbit (DA1E) mAb IgG XP® Isotype Control #3900 (right).

Immunohistochemistry Image 3: PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human non-small cell lung carcinoma using PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb.

Immunohistochemistry Image 4: PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human non-Hodgkin's lymphoma using PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb.

Immunohistochemistry Image 5: PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human prostate carcinoma using PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb.

Immunohistochemistry Image 6: PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human thymus using PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb.

Immunohistochemistry Image 7: PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human testis using PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb.

Immunofluorescence Image 1: PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb

Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of BxPC-3 cells (left, high-expressing) or AN3-CA cells (right, low-expressing) using PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb (green). Actin filaments were labeled with DyLight™ 554 Phalloidin #13054 (red). Samples were mounted in ProLong® Gold Antifade Reagent with DAPI #8961 (blue).

Immunofluorescence Image 2: PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb

Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of MDA-MB-231 cells expressing HA-tagged PML behind a doxycycline-inducible promoter. Cells were left untreated (left, low-expressing) or treated with doxycycline (50 ng/mL, 6 d; right, high-expressing) using PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb (green). Actin filaments were labeled with DyLight™ 554 Phalloidin #13054 (red). Samples were mounted in ProLong® Gold Antifade Reagent with DAPI #8961 (blue). Cells were kindly provided by Dr. Arkaitz Carracedo, Natalia Martin, Laura Bozal, and Amaia Ercilla.

To Purchase # 69789S
Product # Size Price
69789S
100 µl $ 277

Supporting Data

REACTIVITY H
SENSITIVITY Endogenous
MW (kDa) 48-200
Source/Isotype Rabbit IgG

Application Key:

  • W-Western
  • IP-Immunoprecipitation
  • IHC-Immunohistochemistry
  • ChIP-Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • IF-Immunofluorescence
  • F-Flow Cytometry
  • E-P-ELISA-Peptide

Species Cross-Reactivity Key:

  • H-Human
  • M-Mouse
  • R-Rat
  • Hm-Hamster
  • Mk-Monkey
  • Mi-Mink
  • C-Chicken
  • Dm-D. melanogaster
  • X-Xenopus
  • Z-Zebrafish
  • B-Bovine
  • Dg-Dog
  • Pg-Pig
  • Sc-S. cerevisiae
  • Ce-C. elegans
  • Hr-Horse
  • All-All Species Expected

Product Usage Information

Application Dilution
Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin) 1:500 - 1:2000
Immunofluorescence (Immunocytochemistry) 1:500

Storage

Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA, 50% glycerol and less than 0.02% sodium azide. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.

Protocol

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Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin)

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.

  1. Xylene.
  2. Ethanol, anhydrous denatured, histological grade (100% and 95%).
  3. Deionized water (dH2O).
  4. Hematoxylin (optional).
  5. Wash Buffer:
    1. 1X Tris Buffered Saline with Tween® 20 (TBST): To prepare 1L 1X TBST add 100 ml 10X Tris Buffered Saline with Tween® 20 (#9997) to 900 ml dH20, mix.
  6. SignalStain® Antibody Diluent (#8112).
  7. 1X Citrate Unmasking Solution: To prepare 250 mL of 1X citrate unmasking solution, dilute 25 ml of SignalStain® Citrate Unmasking Solution (10X) (#14746) with 225 mL of dH2O.
  8. 3% Hydrogen Peroxide: To prepare 100 ml, add 10 ml 30% H2O2 to 90 ml dH2O.
  9. Blocking Solution: TBST/5% Normal Goat Serum or 1X Animal-Free Blocking Solution.
    1. TBST/5% Normal Goat Serum: to 5 ml 1X TBST, add 250 µl Normal Goat Serum (#5425).
    2. 1X Animal-Free Blocking Solution: to 4 mL of dH2O add 1 ml of Animal-Free Blocking Solution (5X) (#15019).
  10. Detection System: SignalStain® Boost IHC Detection Reagents (HRP, Rabbit #8114).
  11. Substrate: SignalStain® DAB Substrate Kit (#8059).
  12. Hematoxylin: Hematoxylin (#14166).
  13. Mounting Medium: SignalStain® Mounting Medium (#14177).

B. Deparaffinization/Rehydration

NOTE: Do not allow slides to dry at any time during this procedure.

  1. Deparaffinize/hydrate sections:
    1. Incubate sections in three washes of xylene for 5 min each.
    2. Incubate sections in two washes of 100% ethanol for 10 min each.
    3. Incubate sections in two washes of 95% ethanol for 10 min each.
  2. Wash sections two times in dH2O for 5 min each.

C. Antigen Unmasking

For Citrate: Heat slides in a microwave submersed in 1X citrate unmasking solution until boiling is initiated; follow with 10 min at a sub-boiling temperature (95°-98°C). Cool slides on bench top for 30 min.

D. Staining

  1. Wash sections in dH2O three times for 5 min each.
  2. Incubate sections in 3% hydrogen peroxide for 10 min.
  3. Wash sections in dH2O two times for 5 min each.
  4. Wash sections in wash buffer for 5 min.
  5. Block each section with 100–400 µl of preferred blocking solution for 1 hr at room temperature.
  6. Remove blocking solution and add 100–400 µl primary antibody diluted in SignalStain® Antibody Diluent (#8112) to each section. Incubate overnight at 4°C.
  7. Equilibrate SignalStain® Boost Detection Reagent (HRP, Rabbit #8114) to room temperature.
  8. Remove antibody solution and wash sections with wash buffer three times for 5 min each.
  9. Cover section with 1–3 drops SignalStain® Boost Detection Reagent (HRP, Rabbit #8114) as needed. Incubate in a humidified chamber for 30 min at room temperature.
  10. Wash sections three times with wash buffer for 5 min each.
  11. Add 1 drop (30 µl) SignalStain® DAB Chromogen Concentrate to 1 ml SignalStain® DAB Diluent and mix well before use.
  12. Apply 100–400 µl SignalStain® DAB to each section and monitor closely. 1–10 min generally provides an acceptable staining intensity.
  13. Immerse slides in dH2O.
  14. If desired, counterstain sections with hematoxylin (#14166).
  15. Wash sections in dH2O two times for 5 min each.
  16. Dehydrate sections:
    1. Incubate sections in 95% ethanol two times for 10 sec each.
    2. Repeat in 100% ethanol, incubating sections two times for 10 sec each.
    3. Repeat in xylene, incubating sections two times for 10 sec each.
  17. Mount sections with coverslips and mounting medium (#14177).

DETECTION REAGENT/SUBSTRATE COMPATIBILITY
RECOMMENDED
DETECTION REAGENTS
SignalStain® Boost IHC Detection Reagent (HRP, Rabbit) #8114 SignalStain® Boost IHC Detection Reagent (AP, Rabbit) #18653
COMPATIBLE
CHROMOGEN
SignalStain® DAB Substrate Kit #8059 SignalStain® Vibrant Red Alkaline Phosphatase Substrate Kit #76713
SignalStain® Vivid Purple Peroxidase Substrate Kit #96632  

NOTE: Use of detection reagents other than those specified in this protocol may require further optimization of the primary antibody to account for the different sensitivities of the detection reagents.


posted February 2010

revised June 2020

Protocol Id: 283

Immunofluorescence (Immunocytochemistry)

A. Solutions and Reagents

Achieve higher quality immunofluorescent images using the efficient and cost-effective, pre-made reagents in our #12727 Immunofluorescence Application Solutions Kit

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.

  1. 20X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): (9808) To prepare 1L 1X PBS: add 50 ml 20X PBS to 950 ml dH2O, mix. Adjust pH to 8.0.
  2. Formaldehyde: 16%, methanol free, Polysciences, Inc. (cat# 18814), use fresh and store opened vials at 4°C in dark, dilute in 1X PBS for use.
  3. Blocking Buffer (1X PBS / 5% normal serum / 0.3% Triton™ X-100): To prepare 10 ml, add 0.5 ml normal serum from the same species as the secondary antibody (e.g., Normal Goat Serum (#5425)) and 0.5 mL 20X PBS to 9.0 mL dH2O, mix well. While stirring, add 30 µl Triton™ X-100.
  4. Antibody Dilution Buffer (1X PBS / 1% BSA / 0.3% Triton X-100): To prepare 10 ml, add 30 µl Triton™ X-100 to 10 ml 1X PBS. Mix well then add 0.1 g BSA (9998), mix.
  5. Recommended Fluorochrome-conjugated Anti-Rabbit secondary antibodies:

  6. Prolong® Gold AntiFade Reagent (#9071), Prolong® Gold AntiFade Reagent with DAPI (#8961).

B. Specimen Preparation - Cultured Cell Lines (IF-IC)

NOTE: Cells should be grown, treated, fixed and stained directly in multi-well plates, chamber slides or on coverslips.

  1. Aspirate liquid, then cover cells to a depth of 2–3 mm with 4% formaldehyde diluted in 1X PBS.

    NOTE: Formaldehyde is toxic, use only in a fume hood.

  2. Allow cells to fix for 15 min at room temperature.
  3. Aspirate fixative, rinse three times in 1X PBS for 5 min each.
  4. Proceed with Immunostaining (Section C).

C. Immunostaining

NOTE: All subsequent incubations should be carried out at room temperature unless otherwise noted in a humid light-tight box or covered dish/plate to prevent drying and fluorochrome fading.

  1. Block specimen in Blocking Buffer for 60 min.
  2. While blocking, prepare primary antibody by diluting as indicated on product webpage in Antibody Dilution Buffer.
  3. Aspirate blocking solution, apply diluted primary antibody.
  4. Incubate overnight at 4°C.
  5. Rinse three times in 1X PBS for 5 min each.
  6. Incubate specimen in fluorochrome-conjugated secondary antibody diluted in Antibody Dilution Buffer for 1–2 hr at room temperature in the dark.
  7. Rinse three times in 1X PBS for 5 min each.
  8. Coverslip slides with Prolong® Gold Antifade Reagent (#9071) or Prolong® Gold Antifade Reagent with DAPI (#8961).
  9. For best results, allow mountant to cure overnight at room temperature. For long-term storage, store slides flat at 4°C protected from light.

posted November 2006

revised November 2013

Protocol Id: 24

Specificity / Sensitivity

PML (E6S9L) Rabbit mAb recognizes endogenous levels of total PML protein.

Species Reactivity:

Human

Source / Purification

Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with recombinant protein specific to the amino terminus of human PML protein.

Background

Promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML) functions via its association with PML bodies in the nucleus (1). PML bodies are dynamic protein aggregates that are interspersed between chromatin in the nuclei of most mammalian cells. The PML protein acts as a scaffold in PML bodies to recruit other proteins, a process regulated by post-translational modifications, such as sumoylation. PML bodies function to regulate a large number of cellular processes, such as tumor suppression, transcriptional regulation, apoptosis, senescence, DNA damage response, and viral defense (1). The chromosomal translocation t(15;17)(q21;q21) involving the fusion of PML and RARalpha is found in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), while a second translocation t(9;15)(p13;q24) involving the fusion of PML and PAX5 was found in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (2-6). In addition, PML is frequently inactivated or downregulated in cancer.

  1. Lallemand-Breitenbach, V. and de Thé, H. (2018) Curr Opin Cell Biol 52, 154-61.
  2. de Thé, H. et al. (1991) Cell 66, 675-84.
  3. Goddard, A.D. et al. (1991) Science 254, 1371-4.
  4. Nebral, K. et al. (2007) Br J Haematol 139, 269-74.
  5. Qiu, J.J. et al. (2011) Oncogene 30, 967-77.
  6. Kurahashi, S. et al. (2011) Oncogene 30, 1822-30.

Pathways & Proteins

Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.

Limited Uses

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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
SignalStain is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
XP is a registered trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
DyLight is a trademark of Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc. and its subsidiaries.
ProLong is a registered trademark of Life Technologies Corporation.