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97094
PhosphoPlus® ULK1 (Ser555) Antibody Duet
Primary Antibodies
Antibody Duet

PhosphoPlus® ULK1 (Ser555) Antibody Duet #97094

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PhosphoPlus® ULK1 (Ser555) Antibody Duet: Image 1
Western blot analysis of extracts from MCF7 cells, untreated or treated with oligomycin #9996 (0.5 μM, 30 minutes), and C2C12 cells, untreated or treated with hydrogen peroxide (10 mM, 5 minutes), using Phospho-ULK1 (Ser555) (D1H4) Rabbit mAb.
PhosphoPlus® ULK1 (Ser555) Antibody Duet: Image 2
Western blot analysis of extracts from MCF7 cells, untreated or treated with oligomycin #9996 (0.5 µM, 30 minutes), using Phospho-ULK1 (Ser555) (D1H4) Rabbit mAb (left). Phospho-specificity is demonstrated by pre-incubating the antibody with phosphorylated (middle) or non-phosphorylated peptides (right) against a region surrounding Ser555 of ULK1.
PhosphoPlus® ULK1 (Ser555) Antibody Duet: Image 3
Western blot analysis of extracts from MCF7 cells, untreated (-) or treated with carbonyl cyanide 3-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) (100 μM, 2 hr; +), using Phospho-ULK1 (Ser555) (D1H4) Rabbit mAb (upper) or ULK1 (D8H5) Rabbit mAb #8054 (lower).
PhosphoPlus® ULK1 (Ser555) Antibody Duet: Image 4
Western blot analysis of extracts from various cell lines using ULK1 (D8H5) Rabbit mAb.
PhosphoPlus® ULK1 (Ser555) Antibody Duet: Image 5
Western blot analysis of extracts from wild-type MEF and ULK1 (-/-) MEF cells using ULK1 (D8H5) Rabbit mAb (upper) and β-Actin (D6A8) Rabbit mAb #8457 (lower). MEF cells were kindly provided by Dr. Reuben Shaw (Salk Institute, La Jolla, CA).
To Purchase # 97094S
Product # Size Price
97094S
1 Kit $ 529

Product Description

PhosphoPlus® Duets from Cell Signaling Technology (CST) provide a means to assess protein activation status. Each Duet contains an activation-state and total protein antibody to your target of interest. These antibodies have been selected from CST's product offering based upon superior performance in specified applications.
MW (kDa) 140-150

Background

Two related serine/threonine kinases, UNC-51-like kinase 1 and 2 (ULK1, ULK2), were discovered as mammalian homologs of the C. elegans gene UNC-51 in which mutants exhibited abnormal axonal extension and growth (1-4). Both proteins are widely expressed and contain an amino-terminal kinase domain followed by a central proline/serine rich domain and a highly conserved carboxy-terminal domain. The roles of ULK1 and ULK2 in axon growth have been linked to studies showing that the kinases are localized to neuronal growth cones and are involved in endocytosis of critical growth factors, such as NGF (5). Yeast two-hybrid studies found ULK1/2 associated with modulators of the endocytic pathway, SynGAP and syntenin (6). Structural similarity of ULK1/2 has also been recognized with the yeast autophagy protein Atg1/Apg1 (7). Knockdown experiments using siRNA demonstrated that ULK1 is essential for autophagy (8), a catabolic process for the degradation of bulk cytoplasmic contents (9,10). It appears that Atg1/ULK1 can act as a convergence point for multiple signals that control autophagy (11), and can bind to several autophagy-related (Atg) proteins, regulating phosphorylation states and protein trafficking (12-16). Phosphorylation of ULK1 by AMPK at Ser555 is critical for starvation-induced autophagy, cell survival under conditions of low nutrients and energy, and mitochondrial homeostasis (17).
  1. Ogura, K. et al. (1994) Genes Dev 8, 2389-400.
  2. Kuroyanagi, H. et al. (1998) Genomics 51, 76-85.
  3. Yan, J. et al. (1998) Biochem Biophys Res Commun 246, 222-7.
  4. Yan, J. et al. (1999) Oncogene 18, 5850-9.
  5. Zhou, X. et al. (2007) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 104, 5842-7.
  6. Tomoda, T. et al. (2004) Genes Dev 18, 541-58.
  7. Matsuura, A. et al. (1997) Gene 192, 245-50.
  8. Chan, E.Y. et al. (2007) J Biol Chem 282, 25464-74.
  9. Reggiori, F. and Klionsky, D.J. (2002) Eukaryot Cell 1, 11-21.
  10. Codogno, P. and Meijer, A.J. (2005) Cell Death Differ 12 Suppl 2, 1509-18.
  11. Stephan, J.S. and Herman, P.K. (2006) Autophagy 2, 146-8.
  12. Okazaki, N. et al. (2000) Brain Res Mol Brain Res 85, 1-12.
  13. Young, A.R. et al. (2006) J Cell Sci 119, 3888-900.
  14. Kamada, Y. et al. (2000) J Cell Biol 150, 1507-13.
  15. Lee, S.B. et al. (2007) EMBO Rep 8, 360-5.
  16. Hara, T. et al. (2008) J Cell Biol 181, 497-510.
  17. Egan, D.F. et al. (2011) Science 331, 456-61.

Pathways & Proteins

Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.

Limited Uses

Except as otherwise expressly agreed in a writing signed by a legally authorized representative of CST, the following terms apply to Products provided by CST, its affiliates or its distributors. Any Customer's terms and conditions that are in addition to, or different from, those contained herein, unless separately accepted in writing by a legally authorized representative of CST, are rejected and are of no force or effect.

Products are labeled with For Research Use Only or a similar labeling statement and have not been approved, cleared, or licensed by the FDA or other regulatory foreign or domestic entity, for any purpose. Customer shall not use any Product for any diagnostic or therapeutic purpose, or otherwise in any manner that conflicts with its labeling statement. Products sold or licensed by CST are provided for Customer as the end-user and solely for research and development uses. Any use of Product for diagnostic, prophylactic or therapeutic purposes, or any purchase of Product for resale (alone or as a component) or other commercial purpose, requires a separate license from CST. Customer shall (a) not sell, license, loan, donate or otherwise transfer or make available any Product to any third party, whether alone or in combination with other materials, or use the Products to manufacture any commercial products, (b) not copy, modify, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or otherwise attempt to discover the underlying structure or technology of the Products, or use the Products for the purpose of developing any products or services that would compete with CST's products or services, (c) not alter or remove from the Products any trademarks, trade names, logos, patent or copyright notices or markings, (d) use the Products solely in accordance with CST's Product Terms of Sale and any applicable documentation, and (e) comply with any license, terms of service or similar agreement with respect to any third party products or services used by Customer in connection with the Products.

For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
PhosphoPlus is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.