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6328
SignalSilence® ATM siRNA I
siRNA
siRNA

SignalSilence® ATM siRNA I #6328

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SignalSilence® ATM siRNA I: Image 1
Western blot analysis of extracts from HeLa cells, transfected with 100 nM SignalSilence® Control siRNA (Unconjugated) #6568 (-), SignalSilence® ATM siRNA I (+) or SignalSilence® ATM siRNA II #6329 (+), using ATM (D2E2) Rabbit mAb #2873 (upper) or α-Tubulin (11H10) Rabbit mAb #2125 (lower). The ATM (D2E2) Rabbit mAb confirms silencing of ATM expression, while the α-Tubulin (11H10) Rabbit mAb is used as a loading control.

Supporting Data

REACTIVITY H

Application Key:

  • WB-Western Blot
  • IP-Immunoprecipitation
  • IHC-Immunohistochemistry
  • ChIP-Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • IF-Immunofluorescence
  • F-Flow Cytometry
  • E-P-ELISA-Peptide

Species Cross-Reactivity Key:

  • H-Human
  • M-Mouse
  • R-Rat
  • Hm-Hamster
  • Mk-Monkey
  • Vir-Virus
  • Mi-Mink
  • C-Chicken
  • Dm-D. melanogaster
  • X-Xenopus
  • Z-Zebrafish
  • B-Bovine
  • Dg-Dog
  • Pg-Pig
  • Sc-S. cerevisiae
  • Ce-C. elegans
  • Hr-Horse
  • All-All Species Expected

Product Usage Information

CST recommends transfection with 100 nM ATM siRNA I 48 to 72 hours prior to cell lysis. For transfection procedure, follow protocol provided by the transfection reagent manufacturer. Please feel free to contact CST with any questions on use.

Each vial contains the equivalent of 100 transfections, which corresponds to a final siRNA concentration of 100 nM per transfection in a 24-well plate with a total volume of 300 μl per well.

Storage

SignalSilence® siRNA is supplied in RNAse-free water. Aliquot and store at -20ºC.

Product Description

SignalSilence® ATM siRNA I from Cell Signaling Technology (CST) allows the researcher to specifically inhibit ATM expression using RNA interference, a method whereby gene expression can be selectively silenced through the delivery of double stranded RNA molecules into the cell. All SignalSilence® siRNA products from CST are rigorously tested in-house and have been shown to reduce target protein expression by western analysis.

Quality Control

Oligonucleotide synthesis is monitored base by base through trityl analysis to ensure appropriate coupling efficiency. The oligo is subsequently purified by affinity-solid phase extraction. The annealed RNA duplex is further analyzed by mass spectrometry to verify the exact composition of the duplex. Each lot is compared to the previous lot by mass spectrometry to ensure maximum lot-to-lot consistency.

Background

ATM (ataxia telangiectasia mutated kinase) is a serine/threonine protein kinase best known for its role in DNA repair signaling in response to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). When DSBs occur, the MRE11:RAD50:NBS1 (MRN) sensor complex recruits ATM to sites of DNA damage. ATM then signals to numerous effector proteins, leading to cellular responses including regulation of DNA repair, cell cycle progression, apoptosis, senescence, gene transcription. Along with ATR, DNA-PKcs, SMG1 and mTOR, ATM is a member of the PI3K-like protein kinase (PIKK) family. PIKK family members typically function in response to various types of cellular stress. Substrates of ATM are numerous, and include CHK2, AKT, p53, BRCA1 and DNA-PK (reviewed in 1,3). Inactive ATM exists as a homodimer. In response to DSBs, ATM undergoes autophosphorylation in trans at Ser1981, which leads to dissociation of the complex to become an active monomer (2). Functional DNA repair pathways are important in cellular homeostasis, and defects in these pathways cause genomic instability, which can lead to tumorigenesis (3). Inactivation of ATM results in ataxia telangiectasia (AT), a neurodegenerative disease characterized by predisposition to cancer (4)
  1. Lee, J.H. and Paull, T.T. (2007) Oncogene 26, 7741-8.
  2. Shiloh, Y. and Ziv, Y. (2013) Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 14, 197-210.
  3. Tang, X. et al. (2008) Mol Cell Biol 28, 2559-66.
  4. Bakkenist, C.J. and Kastan, M.B. (2003) Nature 421, 499-506.
  5. Shiloh, Y. (1997) Annu Rev Genet 31, 635-62.
  6. Smith, J. et al. (2010) Adv Cancer Res 108, 73-112.
  7. Petrini, J.H. (2000) Curr Opin Cell Biol 12, 293-6.
  8. McKinnon, P.J. (2012) Annu Rev Pathol 7, 303-21.

Pathways & Proteins

Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.

Limited Uses

Except as otherwise expressly agreed in a writing signed by a legally authorized representative of CST, the following terms apply to Products provided by CST, its affiliates or its distributors. Any Customer's terms and conditions that are in addition to, or different from, those contained herein, unless separately accepted in writing by a legally authorized representative of CST, are rejected and are of no force or effect.

Products are labeled with For Research Use Only or a similar labeling statement and have not been approved, cleared, or licensed by the FDA or other regulatory foreign or domestic entity, for any purpose. Customer shall not use any Product for any diagnostic or therapeutic purpose, or otherwise in any manner that conflicts with its labeling statement. Products sold or licensed by CST are provided for Customer as the end-user and solely for research and development uses. Any use of Product for diagnostic, prophylactic or therapeutic purposes, or any purchase of Product for resale (alone or as a component) or other commercial purpose, requires a separate license from CST. Customer shall (a) not sell, license, loan, donate or otherwise transfer or make available any Product to any third party, whether alone or in combination with other materials, or use the Products to manufacture any commercial products, (b) not copy, modify, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or otherwise attempt to discover the underlying structure or technology of the Products, or use the Products for the purpose of developing any products or services that would compete with CST's products or services, (c) not alter or remove from the Products any trademarks, trade names, logos, patent or copyright notices or markings, (d) use the Products solely in accordance with CST's Product Terms of Sale and any applicable documentation, and (e) comply with any license, terms of service or similar agreement with respect to any third party products or services used by Customer in connection with the Products.

For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
SignalSilence is a registered trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
To Purchase # 6328
Cat. # Size Qty. Price
6328S
300 µl  (3 nmol) $ 278

Important Ordering Details

Custom Ordering Details: Product is assembled upon order. Please allow up to three business days for your product to be processed.