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PathScan® Phospho-Akt (Thr308) Chemiluminescent Sandwich ELISA Kit

PathScan® Phospho-Akt (Thr308) Chemiluminescent Sandwich ELISA Kit #7135

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PathScan® Phospho-Akt (Thr308) Chemiluminescent Sandwich ELISA Kit: Image 1
Figure 1: Relationship between protein concentration of lysates from untreated and PDGF-treated NIH/3T3 cells and immediate light generation with chemiluminescent substrate is shown. Cells (80% confluence) were treated with PDGF #9909 (50 ng/ml) and lysed after incubation at 37ºC for 5 minutes. Graph inset corresponding to the shaded area shows high sensitivity and a linear response at the low protein concentration range.
To Purchase # 7135
Cat. # Size Qty. Price
1 Kit  (96 assays)
$ 586

Important Ordering Details

Custom Ordering Details: When ordering five or more kits, please contact us for processing time and pricing.

Supporting Data


Application Key:

  • WB-Western Blot
  • IP-Immunoprecipitation
  • IHC-Immunohistochemistry
  • ChIP-Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • C&T-CUT&Tag
  • DB-Dot Blot
  • IF-Immunofluorescence
  • F-Flow Cytometry

Species Cross-Reactivity Key:

  • H-Human
  • M-Mouse
  • R-Rat
  • Hm-Hamster
  • Mk-Monkey
  • Vir-Virus
  • Mi-Mink
  • C-Chicken
  • Dm-D. melanogaster
  • X-Xenopus
  • Z-Zebrafish
  • B-Bovine
  • Dg-Dog
  • Pg-Pig
  • Sc-S. cerevisiae
  • Ce-C. elegans
  • Hr-Horse
  • GP-Guinea Pig
  • Rab-Rabbit
  • All-All Species Expected
Product Includes Volume Solution Color
Akt Rabbit mAb Coated Microwells 96 tests
Phospho-Akt (Thr308) Mouse Detection mAb 1 ea Green (Lyophilized)
Anti-mouse IgG, HRP-linked Antibody (ELISA Formulated) 1 ea Red (Lyophilized)
Detection Antibody Diluent 5.5 ml Green
HRP Diluent 5.5 ml Red
Luminol/Enhancer Solution 3 ml
Stable Peroxide Buffer 3 ml
ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) 9801 25 ml
ELISA Sample Diluent 25 ml Blue
Sealing Tape 2 ea
Cell Lysis Buffer (10X) 9803 15 ml

Product Description

The PathScan® Phospho-Akt (Thr308) Chemiluminescent Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of phospho-Akt (Thr308) protein with a chemiluminescent readout. Chemiluminescent ELISAs often have a wider dynamic range and higher sensitivity than conventional chromogenic detection. This chemiluminescent ELISA which is offered in low volume microplates, shows increased signal and sensitivity while using a smaller sample size. An Akt rabbit antibody has been coated on the microwells. After incubation with cell lysates, both phospho- and nonphospho-Akt proteins are captured by the coated antibody. Following extensive washing, phospho-Akt (Thr308) mouse antibody is added to detect the captured phospho-Akt protein. Anti-mouse IgG, HRP-linked antibody is then used to recognize the bound detection antibody. Chemiluminescent reagent is added for signal development. The magnitude of light emission, measured in relative light units (RLU), is proportional to the quantity of phospho-Akt (Thr308) protein.

*Antibodies in this kit are custom formulations specific to kit.



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ELISA Chemiluminescent

NOTE: Refer to product-specific datasheets or product webpage for assay incubation temperature. This /product/productDetail.jsp?productId=luminescent ELISA is offered in low volume microplate. Samples and reagents only require 50 µl per microwell.

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.

  1. 20X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): (#9808) To prepare 1 L 1X PBS: add 50 ml 10X PBS to 950 ml dH2O, mix.
  2. Bring all microwell strips to room temperature before use.
  3. Prepare 1X wash buffer by diluting 20X Wash Buffer (included in each PathScan® Sandwich ELISA Kit) in dH2O.
  4. 1X Cell Lysis Buffer: PathScan® Sandwich ELISA Lysis Buffer (#7018) 1X: This buffer is ready to use as is. Buffer can be stored at 4°C for short-term use (1–2 weeks).

    Recommended: Add 1 mM phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) (#8553) immediately before use.

  5. 20X LumiGLO® Reagent and 20X Peroxide: (#7003).

B. Preparing Cell Lysates

For adherent cells

  1. Aspirate media when the culture reaches 80–90% confluence. Treat cells by adding fresh media containing regulator for desired time.
  2. Remove media and rinse cells once with ice-cold 1X PBS.
  3. Remove PBS and add 0.5 ml ice-cold 1X Cell Lysis Buffer plus 1 mM PMSF to each plate (10 cm diameter) and incubate the plate on ice for 5 min.
  4. Scrape cells off the plate and transfer to an appropriate tube. Keep on ice.
  5. Sonicate lysates on ice.
  6. Microcentrifuge for 10 min (x14,000 rpm) at 4°C and transfer the supernatant to a new tube. The supernatant is the cell lysate. Store at -80°C in single-use aliquots.

For suspension cells

  1. Remove media by low speed centrifugation (~1,200 rpm) when the culture reaches 0.5–1.0 x 106 viable cells/ml. Treat cells by adding fresh media containing regulator for desired time.
  2. Collect cells by low speed centrifugation (~1,200 rpm) and wash once with 5–10 ml ice-cold 1X PBS.
  3. Cells harvested from 50 ml of growth medium can be lysed in 2.0 ml of 1X cell lysis buffer plus 1 mM PMSF.
  4. Sonicate lysates on ice.
  5. Microcentrifuge for 10 min (x14,000 rpm) at 4°C and transfer the supernatant to a new tube. The supernatant is the cell lysate. Store at -80°C in single-use aliquots.

C. Test Procedure

  1. After the microwell strips have reached room temperature, break off the required number of microwells. Place the microwells in the strip holder. Unused microwells must be resealed in the storage bag and stored at 4°C immediately.
  2. Cell lysates can be used undiluted or diluted with sample diluent (supplied in each PathScan® Sandwich ELISA Kit, blue color). Individual datasheets or product webpage for each kit provide information regarding an appropriate dilution factor for lysates and kit assay results.
  3. Add 50 µl of each undiluted or diluted cell lysate to the appropriate well. Seal with tape and press firmly onto top of microwells. Incubate the plate for 2 hr at room temperature. Alternatively, the plate can be incubated overnight at 4°C.
  4. Gently remove the tape and wash wells:
    1. Discard plate contents into a receptacle.
    2. Wash 4 times with 1X Wash Buffer, 150 µl each time per well.
    3. For each wash, strike plates on fresh paper towels hard enough to remove the residual solution in each well, but do not allow wells to dry completely at any time.
    4. Clean the underside of all wells with a lint-free tissue.
  5. Add 50 µl of detection antibody (green color) to each well. Seal with tape and incubate the plate at room temperature for 1 hr.
  6. Repeat wash procedure (Section C, Step 4).
  7. Add 50 µl of HRP-linked secondary antibody (red color) to each well. Seal with tape and incubate the plate at room temperature for 30 min.
  8. Repeat wash procedure (Section C, Step 4).
  9. Prepare detection reagent working solution by mixing equal parts 2X LumiGLO® Reagent and 2X Peroxide.
  10. Add 50 µl of the detection reagent working solution to each well.
  11. Use a plate-based luminometer set at 425 nm to measure Relative Light Units (RLU) within 1–10 min following addition of the substrate.
    1. Optimal signal intensity is achieved when read within 10 min.

posted November 2009

revised September 2013

Protocol Id: 202

Specificity / Sensitivity

PathScan® Phospho-Akt (Thr308) Chemiluminescent Sandwich ELISA Kit #7135 detects endogenous levels of phospho-Akt (Thr308) in human and mouse cells. This kit detects proteins from the indicated species, as determined through in-house testing, but may also detect homologous proteins from other species.


Akt, also referred to as PKB or Rac, plays a critical role in controlling survival and apoptosis (1-3). This protein kinase is activated by insulin and various growth and survival factors to function in a wortmannin-sensitive pathway involving PI3 kinase (2,3). Akt is activated by phospholipid binding and activation loop phosphorylation at Thr308 by PDK1 (4) and by phosphorylation within the carboxy terminus at Ser473. The previously elusive PDK2 responsible for phosphorylation of Akt at Ser473 has been identified as mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in a rapamycin-insensitive complex with rictor and Sin1 (5,6). Akt promotes cell survival by inhibiting apoptosis through phosphorylation and inactivation of several targets, including Bad (7), forkhead transcription factors (8), c-Raf (9), and caspase-9. PTEN phosphatase is a major negative regulator of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway (10). LY294002 is a specific PI3 kinase inhibitor (11). Another essential Akt function is the regulation of glycogen synthesis through phosphorylation and inactivation of GSK-3α and β (12,13). Akt may also play a role in insulin stimulation of glucose transport (12). In addition to its role in survival and glycogen synthesis, Akt is involved in cell cycle regulation by preventing GSK-3β-mediated phosphorylation and degradation of cyclin D1 (14) and by negatively regulating the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p27 Kip1 (15) and p21 Waf1/Cip1 (16). Akt also plays a critical role in cell growth by directly phosphorylating mTOR in a rapamycin-sensitive complex containing raptor (17). More importantly, Akt phosphorylates and inactivates tuberin (TSC2), an inhibitor of mTOR within the mTOR-raptor complex (18,19).t
  1. Franke, T.F. et al. (1997) Cell 88, 435-7.
  2. Burgering, B.M. and Coffer, P.J. (1995) Nature 376, 599-602.
  3. Franke, T.F. et al. (1995) Cell 81, 727-36.
  4. Alessi, D.R. et al. (1996) EMBO J 15, 6541-51.
  5. Sarbassov, D.D. et al. (2005) Science 307, 1098-101.
  6. Jacinto, E. et al. (2006) Cell 127, 125-37.
  7. Cardone, M.H. et al. (1998) Science 282, 1318-21.
  8. Brunet, A. et al. (1999) Cell 96, 857-68.
  9. Zimmermann, S. and Moelling, K. (1999) Science 286, 1741-4.
  10. Cantley, L.C. and Neel, B.G. (1999) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96, 4240-5.
  11. Vlahos, C.J. et al. (1994) J Biol Chem 269, 5241-8.
  12. Hajduch, E. et al. (2001) FEBS Lett 492, 199-203.
  13. Cross, D.A. et al. (1995) Nature 378, 785-9.
  14. Diehl, J.A. et al. (1998) Genes Dev 12, 3499-511.
  15. Gesbert, F. et al. (2000) J Biol Chem 275, 39223-30.
  16. Zhou, B.P. et al. (2001) Nat Cell Biol 3, 245-52.
  17. Navé, B.T. et al. (1999) Biochem J 344 Pt 2, 427-31.
  18. Inoki, K. et al. (2002) Nat Cell Biol 4, 648-57.
  19. Manning, B.D. et al. (2002) Mol Cell 10, 151-62.

Pathways & Proteins

Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.

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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
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PathScan is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
U.S. Patent No. 7,429,487, foreign equivalents, and child patents deriving therefrom.
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