G Protein-Coupled Receptors Signaling to MAPK/Erk Pathway
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are activated by a wide variety of external stimuli. Upon receptor activation, the G protein exchanges GDP for GTP, causing the dissociation of the GTP-bound α and β/γ subunits and triggering diverse signaling cascades. Receptors coupled to different heterotrimeric G protein subtypes can utilize different scaffolds to activate the small G protein/ MAPK cascade, employing at least three different classes of Tyr kinases. Src family kinases are recruited following activation of PI3Kγ by β/γ subunits. They are also recruited by receptor internalization, crossactivation of receptor Tyr kinases, or by signaling through an integrin scaffold involving Pyk2 and/or FAK. GPCRs can also employ PLCβ to mediate activation of PKC and CaMKII, which can have either stimulatory or inhibitory consequences for the downstream MAPK pathway.
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We would like to thank Prof. John Blenis, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, for reviewing this diagram.
created October 2002
revised October 2012