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G-Protein-Coupled Receptors Signaling to MAPK/Erk

© Cell Signaling Technology. All Rights Reserved.
G-Protein-Coupled Receptors Signaling to MAPK/Erk

Pathway Description:

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are activated by a wide variety of external stimuli. Upon receptor activation, the G protein exchanges GDP for GTP, causing the dissociation of the GTP-bound α and β/γ subunits and triggering diverse signaling cascades. Receptors coupled to different heterotrimeric G protein subtypes can utilize different scaffolds to activate the small G protein/ MAPK cascade, employing at least three different classes of Tyr kinases. Src family kinases are recruited following activation of PI3Kγ by β/γ subunits. They are also recruited by receptor internalization, crossactivation of receptor Tyr kinases, or by signaling through an integrin scaffold involving Pyk2 and/or FAK. GPCRs can also employ PLCβ to mediate activation of PKC and CaMKII, which can have either stimulatory or inhibitory consequences for the downstream MAPK pathway.

Selected Reviews:

We would like to thank Prof. John Blenis, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, for reviewing this diagram.

created October 2002

revised October 2012

Acetylase
Acetylase
Metabolic Enzyme
Metabolic Enzyme
Adaptor
Adaptor
Methyltransferase or G-protein
Methyltransferase or G-protein
Adaptor
Apoptosis/Autophagy Regulator
Phosphatase
Phosphatase
Cell Cycle Regulator
Cell Cycle Regulator
Protein Complex
Protein Complex
Deacetylase or Cytoskeletal Protein
Deacetylase or Cytoskeletal Protein
Ubiquitin/SUMO Ligase or Deubiquitinase
Ubiquitin/SUMO Ligase or Deubiquitinase
Growth Factor/Cytokine/Development Protein
Growth Factor/Cytokine/Development Protein
Transcription Factor or Translation Factor
Transcription Factor or Translation Factor
GTPase/GAP/GEF
GTPase/GAP/GEF
Receptor
Receptor
Kinase
Kinase
Other
Other
 
Direct Process
Direct Process
Tentative Process
Tentative Process
Translocation Process
Translocation Process
Stimulatory Modification
Stimulatory Modification
Inhibitory Modification
Inhibitory Modification
Transcriptional Modification
Transcriptional Modification