Product Pathways - NF-kB Signaling
IL-1β (D3U3E) Rabbit mAb #12703
|12703S||100 µl (10 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|12703||carrier free and custom formulation / quantity||email request|
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|W||1:1000||Human||Endogenous||17, 31||Rabbit IgG|
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.
Applications Key: W=Western Blotting, IF-IC=Immunofluorescence (Immunocytochemistry), F=Flow Cytometry
Specificity / Sensitivity
IL-1β (D3U3E) Rabbit mAb recognizes endogenous levels of total IL-1β protein. This antibody is not observed to detect endogenous levels of mature IL-1β. It can detect up to 100 pg of recombinant mature IL-1β.
Source / Purification
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with recombinant human IL-1β protein.
Western blot analysis of extracts from THP-1 cells, untreated (-) or LPS-treated (100 ng/ml, 3 hr; +), using IL-1β (D3U3E) Rabbit mAb (upper) and β-Actin (D6A8) Rabbit mAb #8457 (lower).
Western blot analysis of recombinant Human Interleukin-1β (hIL-1β) #8900 using IL-1β (D3U3E) Rabbit mAb.
Flow cytometric analysis of THP-1 cells, untreated (blue) or LPS-treated (100 ng/ml, 3 hr; green), using IL-1β (D3U3E) Rabbit mAb. Anti-rabbit IgG (H+L), F(ab')2 Fragment (Alexa Fluor® 647 Conjugate) #4414 was used as a secondary antibody.
Interleukin-1β (IL-1β), one of the major caspase-1 targets, is a multifunctional cytokine that is involved in a host of immune and proinflammatory responses (1). It is produced primarily by activated monocytes and macrophages. It signals through various adaptor proteins and kinases that lead to activation of numerous downstream targets (2-6). Human IL-1β is synthesized as a 31 kDa precursor. To gain activity, the precursor must be cleaved by caspase-1 between Asp116 and Ala117 to yield a 17 kDa mature form (7,8). Detection of the 17 kDa mature form of IL-1β is a good indicator of caspase-1 activity.
- Dinarello, C.A. (1998) Int Rev Immunol 16, 457-99.
- Burns, K. et al. (1998) J Biol Chem 273, 12203-9.
- Cao, Z. et al. (1996) Nature 383, 443-6.
- Cao, Z. et al. (1996) Science 271, 1128-31.
- Wesche, H. et al. (1997) Immunity 7, 837-47.
- Ninomiya-Tsuji, J. et al. (1999) Nature 398, 252-6.
- Thornberry, N.A. et al. (1992) Nature 356, 768-74.
- Cerretti, D.P. et al. (1992) Science 256, 97-100.
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