Product Pathways - PI3K / Akt Signaling
Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (736E11) Rabbit mAb #3787
|3787L||300 µl (75 sections)||---||In Stock||---|
|3787S||100 µl (25 sections)||---||In Stock||---|
|3787||carrier free and custom formulation / quantity||email request|
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|IHC-P||1:50||Human, Mouse||Endogenous||60||Rabbit IgG|
Applications Key: IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin), IHC-F=Immunohistochemistry (Frozen)
Species predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology: Rat.
Specificity / Sensitivity
Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (736E11) Rabbit mAb detects Akt1 only when phosphorylated at serine 473, and Akt2 and Akt3 only when phosphorylated at equivalent sites.
Source / Purification
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic phosphopeptide corresponding to residues surrounding Ser473 of mouse Akt.
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human breast carcinoma, showing cytoplasmic and nuclear localization, using Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (736E11) Rabbit mAb.
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human lung carcinoma, using Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (736E11) Rabbit mAb.
Immunohistochemical analysis using Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (736E11) Rabbit mAb on SignalSlide (R) Phospho-Akt (Ser473) IHC Controls #8101 (paraffin-embedded LNCaP cells, untreated (left) or LY294002-treated (right).
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human prostate carcinoma, using Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (736E11) Rabbit mAb preincubated with an irrelevant peptide (left) or Phospho-Akt (Ser473) Blocking Peptide (#1140) (right).
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded MDA-MB-468 xenograft, using Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (736E11) Rabbit mAb (left) or PTEN (138G6) Rabbit mAb #9559 (right). MDA-MB-468 cells lack PTEN. Note the presence of P-Akt in the PTEN deficient cells.
Immunohistochemical analysis of frozen U-87MG xenograft, showing predominantly cytoplasmic localization using Phospho-Akt (Ser473)(736E11) Rabbit mAb.
Akt, also referred to as PKB or Rac, plays a critical role in controlling survival and apoptosis (1-3). This protein kinase is activated by insulin and various growth and survival factors to function in a wortmannin-sensitive pathway involving PI3 kinase (2,3). Akt is activated by phospholipid binding and activation loop phosphorylation at Thr308 by PDK1 (4) and by phosphorylation within the carboxy terminus at Ser473. The previously elusive PDK2 responsible for phosphorylation of Akt at Ser473 has been identified as mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in a rapamycin-insensitive complex with rictor and Sin1 (5,6). Akt promotes cell survival by inhibiting apoptosis through phosphorylation and inactivation of several targets, including Bad (7), forkhead transcription factors (8), c-Raf (9), and caspase-9. PTEN phosphatase is a major negative regulator of the PI3 kinase/Akt signaling pathway (10). LY294002 is a specific PI3 kinase inhibitor (11). Another essential Akt function is the regulation of glycogen synthesis through phosphorylation and inactivation of GSK-3α and β (12,13). Akt may also play a role in insulin stimulation of glucose transport (12). In addition to its role in survival and glycogen synthesis, Akt is involved in cell cycle regulation by preventing GSK-3β-mediated phosphorylation and degradation of cyclin D1 (14) and by negatively regulating the cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors p27 Kip1 (15) and p21 Waf1/Cip1 (16). Akt also plays a critical role in cell growth by directly phosphorylating mTOR in a rapamycin-sensitive complex containing raptor (17). More importantly, Akt phosphorylates and inactivates tuberin (TSC2), an inhibitor of mTOR within the mTOR-raptor complex (18,19).
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- Burgering, B.M. and Coffer, P.J. (1995) Nature 376, 599-602.
- Franke, T.F. et al. (1995) Cell 81, 727-36.
- Alessi, D.R. et al. (1996) EMBO J 15, 6541-51.
- Sarbassov, D.D. et al. (2005) Science 307, 1098-101.
- Jacinto, E. et al. (2006) Cell 127, 125-37.
- Cardone, M.H. et al. (1998) Science 282, 1318-21.
- Brunet, A. et al. (1999) Cell 96, 857-68.
- Zimmermann, S. and Moelling, K. (1999) Science 286, 1741-4.
- Cantley, L.C. and Neel, B.G. (1999) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96, 4240-5.
- Vlahos, C.J. et al. (1994) J Biol Chem 269, 5241-8.
- Hajduch, E. et al. (2001) FEBS Lett 492, 199-203.
- Cross, D.A. et al. (1995) Nature 378, 785-9.
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- Gesbert, F. et al. (2000) J Biol Chem 275, 39223-30.
- Zhou, B.P. et al. (2001) Nat Cell Biol 3, 245-52.
- Navé, B.T. et al. (1999) Biochem J 344 Pt 2, 427-31.
- Inoki, K. et al. (2002) Nat Cell Biol 4, 648-57.
- Manning, B.D. et al. (2002) Mol Cell 10, 151-62.
- Kim, K.U. et al. (2005) Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 33, 541-8. Applications: IHC-P (paraffin).
- Poliseno, L. et al. (2010) Sci Signal 3, ra29. Applications: IHC-P (paraffin).
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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
Cell Signaling Technology® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
This antibody is developed, validated, and produced by CST using in part technology under license (granting certain rights including those under U.S. Patents No. 5,675,063 and 7,429,487) from Epitomics, Inc.