Camptothecin is supplied as a lyophilized powder. For a 10 mM stock, reconstitute the 10 mg in 2.87 ml DMSO. Working concentrations and length of treatment can vary depending on the desired effect, but it is typically used at 1-10 µM for 1-24 hr.
|Molecular Weight||348.4 g/mol|
|Solubility||Soluble in DMSO at 10mg/ml.|
Camptothecin is a cytotoxic plant alkaloid originally isolated from C. acuminate that inhibits DNA and RNA synthesis in mammalian cells and is an effective anti-tumor agent (1). Research studies indicate that camptothecin inhibits topoisomerase I with an IC50 of 679 nM (2). Camptothecin binds and stabilizes topoisomerase I–DNA cleavage complexes, which leads to DNA strand breaks (1,3,4). The resultant DNA damage can induce cell cycle arrest in many cancer cell lines (5,6). Inactivation of the tumor suppressor protein p53 can increase the cytotoxicity of camptothecin (6).
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