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33452
C/EBPβ (E2K1U) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate)
Antibody Conjugates
Monoclonal Antibody

C/EBPβ (E2K1U) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) #33452

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Flow Cytometry Image 1: C/EBPβ (E2K1U) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate)
Flow cytometric analysis of TT cells (blue, negative expressing) and U-87 MG cells (green, high expressing) using C/EBPβ (E2K1U) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) (solid lines) or concentration-matched Rabbit (DA1E) mAb IgG XP® Isotype Control (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) #2975 (dashed lines).
To Purchase # 33452
Cat. # Size Qty. Price
33452S
100 µl  (50 tests)
$ 336

Supporting Data

REACTIVITY H Mk
SENSITIVITY Endogenous
MW (kDa)
Source/Isotype Rabbit IgG

Application Key:

  • WB-Western Blot
  • IP-Immunoprecipitation
  • IHC-Immunohistochemistry
  • ChIP-Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • C&R-CUT&RUN
  • C&T-CUT&Tag
  • DB-Dot Blot
  • eCLIP-eCLIP
  • IF-Immunofluorescence
  • F-Flow Cytometry

Species Cross-Reactivity Key:

  • H-Human
  • M-Mouse
  • R-Rat
  • Hm-Hamster
  • Mk-Monkey
  • Vir-Virus
  • Mi-Mink
  • C-Chicken
  • Dm-D. melanogaster
  • X-Xenopus
  • Z-Zebrafish
  • B-Bovine
  • Dg-Dog
  • Pg-Pig
  • Sc-S. cerevisiae
  • Ce-C. elegans
  • Hr-Horse
  • All-All Species Expected

Product Description

This Cell Signaling Technology antibody is conjugated to Alexa Fluor® 488 fluorescent dye under optimal conditions and tested in-house for direct flow cytometric analysis in human cells. This antibody conjugate is expected to exhibit the same species cross-reactivity as the unconjugated C/EBPβ (E2K1U) Rabbit mAb #43095.

Product Usage Information

Application Dilution
Flow Cytometry 1:50

Storage

Supplied in PBS (pH 7.2), less than 0.1% sodium azide, and 2 mg/mL BSA. Store at 4°C. Do not aliquot the antibody. Protect from light. Do not freeze.

Protocol

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Flow Cytometry Triton™ X-100 Permeabilization Protocol for Directly Conjugated Antibodies

A. Solutions and Reagents

All reagents required for this protocol may be efficiently purchased together in our Intracellular Flow Cytometry Kit (Triton™ X-100) #51995, or individually using the catalog numbers listed below.

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.

  1. 1X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): To prepare 1 L 1X PBS: add 100 ml 10X PBS (#12528) to 900 ml water, mix.
  2. 4% Formaldehyde, Methanol-Free (#47746)
  3. Cell Permeabilization Buffer: Purchase ready-to-use (#39487) or to prepare 10 ml, add 30 µl Triton™ X-100 to 10 ml Antibody Dilution Buffer. Store at 4°C.
  4. Antibody Dilution Buffer: Purchase ready-to-use Flow Cytometry Antibody Dilution Buffer (#13616), or to prepare 100 ml dissolve 0.5 g Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) (#9998) in 100 ml 1X PBS. Store at 4°C.

NOTE: When including fluorescent cellular dyes in your experiment (including viability dyes, DNA dyes, etc.), please refer to the dye product page for the recommended protocol. Visit www.cellsignal.com for a full listing of cellular dyes validated for use in flow cytometry.

B. Fixation and Permeabilization

NOTE: Adherent cells or tissue should be dissociated and in single-cell suspension prior to fixation.

NOTE: Optimal centrifugation conditions will vary depending upon cell type and reagent volume. Generally, 150-300g for 1-5 minutes will be sufficient to pellet the cells.

NOTE: If using whole blood, lyse red blood cells and wash by centrifugation prior to fixation.

NOTE: Antibodies targeting CD markers or other extracellular proteins may be added prior to fixation if the epitope is disrupted by formaldehyde and/or Triton™ X-100. The antibodies will remain bound to the target of interest during the fixation and permeabilization process. Conduct a small-scale experiment if you are unsure.

  1. Pellet cells by centrifugation and remove supernatant.
  2. Resuspend cells in approximately 100 µl 4% formaldehyde per 1 million cells. Mix well to dissociate pellet and prevent cross-linking of individual cells.
  3. Fix for 15 min at room temperature (20-25°C).
  4. Wash by centrifugation with excess 1X PBS. Discard supernatant in appropriate waste container.
  5. Resuspend cells in approximately 100 µl Cell Permeabilization Buffer per million cells.
  6. Incubate for 10 minutes at room temperature.
  7. Proceed with staining or store cells at 4°C in PBS overnight.

C. Immunostaining

NOTE: Count cells using a hemocytometer or alternative method.

  1. Aliquot desired number of cells into tubes or wells. (Generally, 5x105 to 1x106 cells per assay).
  2. Centrifuge cells and discard supernatant.
  3. Resuspend cells in 100 µl of diluted antibody conjugates, prepared in Antibody Dilution Buffer at a recommended dilution or as determined via titration.
  4. Incubate for 1 hr at room temperature (20-25°C). Protect from light.
  5. Wash by centrifugation in Antibody Dilution Buffer or 1X PBS. Discard supernatant. Repeat.
  6. Resuspend cells in 1X PBS and analyze on flow cytometer.

posted January 2017

revised June 2020

Protocol Id: 1344

Specificity / Sensitivity

C/EBPβ (E2K1U) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) recognizes endogenous levels of total C/EBPβ protein. This antibody does not cross-react with C/EBPα protein.

Species Reactivity:

Human, Monkey

Source / Purification

Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Gly67 of human C/EBPβ protein.

Background

C/EBPβ is a member of the transcription factor family of CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBPs) that are critical for cellular differentiation and function (1). There are various N-terminally truncated C/EBPβ isoforms: full-length C/EBPβ, C/EBPβ-LAP (liver-enriched activator protein), and C/EBPβ-LIP (liver-enriched inhibitory protein). In triple-negative breast cancer cells, aerobic glycolysis was shown to control the expression of C/EBPβ-LAP, which in turn stimulates the expression of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). These factors are secreted from the cancer cells to promote myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) development in the tumor microenvironment, thereby suppressing anti-tumor immunity (2). In addition, research studies showed that decreased C/EBPβ-LIP expression delays age-related phenotypes in mice, suggesting a potential role for C/EBPβ-LIP in aging (3).
  1. Lekstrom-Himes, J. and Xanthopoulos, K.G. (1998) J Biol Chem 273, 28545-8.
  2. Li, W. et al. (2018) Cell Metab 28, 87-103.e6.
  3. Müller, C. et al. (2018) Elife 7, pii: e34985. doi: 10.7554/eLife.34985.

Pathways & Proteins

Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.

Limited Uses

Except as otherwise expressly agreed in a writing signed by a legally authorized representative of CST, the following terms apply to Products provided by CST, its affiliates or its distributors. Any Customer's terms and conditions that are in addition to, or different from, those contained herein, unless separately accepted in writing by a legally authorized representative of CST, are rejected and are of no force or effect.

Products are labeled with For Research Use Only or a similar labeling statement and have not been approved, cleared, or licensed by the FDA or other regulatory foreign or domestic entity, for any purpose. Customer shall not use any Product for any diagnostic or therapeutic purpose, or otherwise in any manner that conflicts with its labeling statement. Products sold or licensed by CST are provided for Customer as the end-user and solely for research and development uses. Any use of Product for diagnostic, prophylactic or therapeutic purposes, or any purchase of Product for resale (alone or as a component) or other commercial purpose, requires a separate license from CST. Customer shall (a) not sell, license, loan, donate or otherwise transfer or make available any Product to any third party, whether alone or in combination with other materials, or use the Products to manufacture any commercial products, (b) not copy, modify, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or otherwise attempt to discover the underlying structure or technology of the Products, or use the Products for the purpose of developing any products or services that would compete with CST products or services, (c) not alter or remove from the Products any trademarks, trade names, logos, patent or copyright notices or markings, (d) use the Products solely in accordance with CST Product Terms of Sale and any applicable documentation, and (e) comply with any license, terms of service or similar agreement with respect to any third party products or services used by Customer in connection with the Products.

For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
XP is a registered trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
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This product is provided under an intellectual property license from Life Technologies Corporation. The transfer of this product is conditioned on the buyer using the purchased product solely in research conducted by the buyer, excluding contract research or any fee for service research, and the buyer must not (1) use this product or its components for (a) diagnostic, therapeutic or prophylactic purposes; (b) testing, analysis or screening services, or information in return for compensation on a per-test basis; or (c) manufacturing or quality assurance or quality control, and/or (2) sell or transfer this product or its components for resale, whether or not resold for use in research. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than as described above, contact Life Technologies Corporation, 5791 Van Allen Way, Carlsbad, CA 92008 USA or [email protected]