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CD57 (HNK-1) Mouse mAb (Pacific Blue™ Conjugate)
Antibody Conjugates
Monoclonal Antibody

CD57 (HNK-1) Mouse mAb (Pacific Blue Conjugate) #25978

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Flow Cytometry Image 1: CD57 (HNK-1) Mouse mAb (Pacific Blue™ Conjugate)
Flow cytometric analysis of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells gated on lymphocytes co-stained with NCAM1 (CD56) (MY31) Mouse mAb (APC Conjugate) #51997 using CD57 (HNK-1) Mouse mAb (Pacific Blue Conjugate) (right) compared to a concentration-matched Mouse IgM Isotype Control (Pacific Blue Conjugate) (left).
To Purchase # 25978
Cat. # Size Qty. Price
200 µl  (100 tests)
$ 265

Supporting Data

MW (kDa)
Source/Isotype Mouse IgM

Application Key:

  • WB-Western Blot
  • IP-Immunoprecipitation
  • IHC-Immunohistochemistry
  • ChIP-Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • C&T-CUT&Tag
  • DB-Dot Blot
  • IF-Immunofluorescence
  • F-Flow Cytometry

Species Cross-Reactivity Key:

  • H-Human
  • M-Mouse
  • R-Rat
  • Hm-Hamster
  • Mk-Monkey
  • Vir-Virus
  • Mi-Mink
  • C-Chicken
  • Dm-D. melanogaster
  • X-Xenopus
  • Z-Zebrafish
  • B-Bovine
  • Dg-Dog
  • Pg-Pig
  • Sc-S. cerevisiae
  • Ce-C. elegans
  • Hr-Horse
  • Rab-Rabbit
  • All-All Species Expected

Product Description

This Cell Signaling Technology antibody is conjugated to Pacific Blue™ fluorescent dye and tested in-house for direct flow cytometric analysis in human cells. The antibody is expected to exhibit the same species cross-reactivity as the unconjugated antibody CD57 (HNK-1) Mouse mAb #72031.

Product Usage Information

Application Dilution
Flow Cytometry (Live) 1:50


Supplied in PBS (pH 7.2), less than 0.1% sodium azide and 2 mg/ml BSA. This product is stable for 12 months when stored at 4°C. Do not aliquot the antibody. Protect from light. Do not freeze.



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Flow Cytometry, Live Cell Protocol for Directly Conjugated Antibodies

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.

  1. 1X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): To prepare 1 L 1X PBS: add 100 ml 10X PBS (#12528) to 900 ml water, mix.
  2. Antibody Dilution Buffer: Purchase ready-to-use Flow Cytometry Antibody Dilution Buffer (#13616), or prepare a 0.5% BSA PBS buffer by dissolving 0.5 g Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) (#9998) in 100 ml 1X PBS. Store at 4°C.

NOTE: When including fluorescent cellular dyes in your experiment (including viability dyes, DNA dyes, etc.), please refer to the dye product page for the recommended protocol. Visit for a full listing of cellular dyes validated for use in flow cytometry.

B. Immunostaining

NOTE: Count cells using a hemocytometer or alternative method.

NOTE: If using whole blood, lyse red blood cells and wash by centrifugation prior to immunostaining.

NOTE: Human Fc receptors cross-react with rabbit IgG. When cells of interest express high levels of Fc receptor protein (for example, macrophage/monocyte lineages), pre-incubate live cells with human Fc block prior to immunostaining with rabbit antibodies.

NOTE: Optimal centrifugation conditions will vary depending upon cell type and reagent volume. Generally, 150-300g for 1-5 minutes will be sufficient to pellet the cells.

  1. Aliquot desired number of cells into tubes or wells. (Generally, 5x105 to 1x106 cells per assay.)
  2. Pellet cells by centrifugation and remove supernatant.
  3. Resuspend cells in 100 µl of diluted primary antibody, prepared in Antibody Dilution Buffer at a recommended dilution or as determined via titration.
  4. Incubate for 30 min to 1 hr on ice. Protect from light.
  5. Wash by centrifugation in Antibody Dilution Buffer. Discard supernatant. Repeat.
  6. Resuspend cells in 200-500 µl of Antibody Dilution Buffer and analyze on flow cytometer.

posted June 2017

revised January 2022

Protocol Id: 1504

Specificity / Sensitivity

CD57 (HNK-1) Mouse mAb (Pacific Blue™ Conjugate) recognizes the CD57 carbohydrate modification produced by the B3GAT1 protein enzyme.

Species Reactivity:


Source / Purification

Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a membrane antigen from HSB-2 cells.


CD57 antigen, also known as HNK-1 and Leu7, is a terminally sulfated glycan carbohydrate epitope (glyco-epitope) expressed on a variety of proteins, lipids, and chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans at the cell surface (1,2). CD57 is synthesized by the enzyme B3GAT1 and is present on a subset of peripheral blood lymphocytes, including NK cells and CD8+ T cells, as well as neural cells and striated muscle (3-5). Studies have shown that CD57 is not expressed on platelets, monocytes, granulocytes, or red blood cells (6). The CD57 epitope may play a role in neural cell adhesion (7), and characterizes unique maturation states in T and NK cells (8,9). CD57 is an important marker when studying functional immune deficiency in patients with autoimmune diseases, infectious diseases, and cancers (1).
  1. Focosi, D. et al. (2010) J Leukoc Biol 87, 107-16.
  2. Górska, A. et al. (2016) Arch Immunol Ther Exp (Warsz) 64, 497-503.
  3. Kared, H. et al. (2016) Cancer Immunol Immunother 65, 441-52.
  4. Lopez-Vergès, S. et al. (2010) Blood 116, 3865-74.
  5. Mechtersheimer, G. et al. (1991) Cancer Res 51, 1300-7.
  6. Stelin, S. et al. (2009) J Indian Soc Periodontol 13, 150-4.
  7. Künemund, V. et al. (1988) J Cell Biol 106, 213-23.
  8. Sze, D.M. et al. (2001) Blood 98, 2817-27.
  9. Nielsen, C.M. et al. (2013) Front Immunol 4, 422.

Limited Uses

Except as otherwise expressly agreed in a writing signed by a legally authorized representative of CST, the following terms apply to Products provided by CST, its affiliates or its distributors. Any Customer's terms and conditions that are in addition to, or different from, those contained herein, unless separately accepted in writing by a legally authorized representative of CST, are rejected and are of no force or effect.

Products are labeled with For Research Use Only or a similar labeling statement and have not been approved, cleared, or licensed by the FDA or other regulatory foreign or domestic entity, for any purpose. Customer shall not use any Product for any diagnostic or therapeutic purpose, or otherwise in any manner that conflicts with its labeling statement. Products sold or licensed by CST are provided for Customer as the end-user and solely for research and development uses. Any use of Product for diagnostic, prophylactic or therapeutic purposes, or any purchase of Product for resale (alone or as a component) or other commercial purpose, requires a separate license from CST. Customer shall (a) not sell, license, loan, donate or otherwise transfer or make available any Product to any third party, whether alone or in combination with other materials, or use the Products to manufacture any commercial products, (b) not copy, modify, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or otherwise attempt to discover the underlying structure or technology of the Products, or use the Products for the purpose of developing any products or services that would compete with CST products or services, (c) not alter or remove from the Products any trademarks, trade names, logos, patent or copyright notices or markings, (d) use the Products solely in accordance with CST Product Terms of Sale and any applicable documentation, and (e) comply with any license, terms of service or similar agreement with respect to any third party products or services used by Customer in connection with the Products.

For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
Pacific Blue is a trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc.
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