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71481
DC-SIGN (D7F5C) XP® Rabbit mAb (PE Conjugate)
Antibody Conjugates

DC-SIGN (D7F5C) XP® Rabbit mAb (PE Conjugate) #71481

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Flow cytometric analysis of THP-1 cells, undifferentiated (blue) or differentiated (green) by treatment with TPA (12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-Acetate) #4174 (80 nM) overnight and Human Interleukin-4 (hIL-4) #8919 (100 ng/ml) for 48 hours after TPA, using DC-SIGN (D7F5C) XP® Rabbit mAb (PE Conjugate) (solid lines) and a concentration matched isotype control Rabbit (DA1E) mAb IgG XP® Isotype Control (PE Conjugate) #5742 (dashed lines).

To Purchase # 71481S
Product # Size Price
71481S
100 µl  (50 tests) $ 348

Supporting Data

REACTIVITY H
SENSITIVITY Endogenous
MW (kDa)
Isotype Rabbit IgG

Application Key:

  • W-Western
  • IP-Immunoprecipitation
  • IHC-Immunohistochemistry
  • ChIP-Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • IF-Immunofluorescence
  • F-Flow Cytometry
  • E-P-ELISA-Peptide

Species Cross-Reactivity Key:

  • H-Human
  • M-Mouse
  • R-Rat
  • Hm-Hamster
  • Mk-Monkey
  • Mi-Mink
  • C-Chicken
  • Dm-D. melanogaster
  • X-Xenopus
  • Z-Zebrafish
  • B-Bovine
  • Dg-Dog
  • Pg-Pig
  • Sc-S. cerevisiae
  • Ce-C. elegans
  • Hr-Horse
  • All-All Species Expected

Product Description

This Cell Signaling Technology antibody is conjugated to phycoerythrin (PE) and tested in-house for direct flow cytometry analysis in human cells. This antibody is expected to exhibit the same species cross-reactivity as the unconjugated DC-SIGN (D7F5C) XP® Rabbit mAb #13193.

Product Usage Information

Application Dilutions
Flow Cytometry 1:50

Storage:

Supplied in PBS (pH 7.2), less than 0.1% sodium azide and 2 mg/ml BSA. Store at 4°C. Do not aliquot the antibodies. Protect from light. Do not freeze.

Protocol

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Flow Cytometry, Extracellular Epitope Protocol for Direct Conjugates

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.

  1. 1X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): To prepare 1 L 1X PBS: add 100 ml 10X PBS (#12528) to 900 ml water, mix.
  2. 4% Formaldehyde, Methanol-free (#47746), Optional
  3. Antibody Dilution Buffer: Purchase ready-to-use Flow Cytometry Antibody Dilution Buffer (#13616), or prepare a 0.5% BSA PBS buffer by dissolving 0.5 g Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) (#9998) in 100 ml 1X PBS. Store at 4°C.

NOTE: When including fluorescent cellular dyes in your experiment (including viability dyes, DNA dyes, etc.), please refer to the dye product page for the recommended protocol. Visit www.cellsignal.com/flowdyes for a listing of cellular dyes validated for use in flow cytometry.

NOTE: Optimal centrifugation conditions will vary depending upon cell type and reagent volume. Generally, 150-300g for 1-5 minutes will be sufficient to pellet the cells.

B. Fixation

NOTE: If live cell staining is desired, proceed to Section C.

  1. Pellet cells by centrifugation and remove supernatant.
  2. Resuspend cells in approximately 100 µl 4% formaldehyde per 1 million cells. Mix well to dissociate pellet and prevent cross-linking of individual cells.
  3. Fix for 15 min at room temperature (20-25°C).
  4. Wash by centrifugation with excess 1X PBS. Discard supernatant in appropriate waste container. Resuspend cells in 1X PBS.

C. Immunostaining

NOTE: Count cells using a hemocytometer or alternative method.

  1. Aliquot desired number of cells into tubes or wells. (Generally, 5x105 to 1x106 cells per assay.)
  2. Pellet cells by centrifugation and remove supernatant.
  3. Resuspend cells in 100 µl of diluted antibody conjugate, prepared in Antibody Dilution Buffer at the recommended dilution.
  4. Incubate for 30-60 minutes at room temperature (20-25°C).
  5. Wash by centrifugation in Antibody Dilution Buffer. Discard supernatant. Repeat.
  6. Resuspend cells in 200-500 µl of 1X PBS and analyze on flow cytometer.

posted January 2009

revised November 2019

Protocol Id: 180

Specificity / Sensitivity

DC-SIGN (D7F5C) XP® Rabbit mAb (PE Conjugate) recognizes endogenous levels of total DC-SIGN protein. This antibody does not cross-react with DC-SIGNR.

Species Reactivity:

Human

Source / Purification

Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues near the carboxy terminus of human DC-SIGN protein.

Background

DC-SIGN (CD209, CLEC4L) is a C-type lectin receptor expressed by dendritic cells (DCs) (1,2). The DC-SIGN transcript can undergo several splicing events to generate at least thirteen different transmembrane and soluble isoforms (3). DC-SIGN responds to a broad range of pathogens due to its ability to recognize both mannose and fructose carbohydrates, and is well studied for its role in HIV infection. Recognition of the HIV envelope glycoprotein gp120 by DC-SIGN leads to internalization of HIV by DCs and facilitates transmission of the virus to CD4+ T cells (2,4). DC-SIGN also mediates adhesion to T cells through interaction with ICAM-3, as well as transmigration across the endothelium by binding to ICAM-2 (1,5). The DC-SIGN receptor can modulate TLR signaling by activating the kinase Raf-1 (6,7). The closely related molecule DC-SIGNR (L-SIGN, CLEC4M) is 77% homologous to DC-SIGN and likely arose through a gene duplication event (8). Like DC-SIGN, DC-SIGNR binds mannose carbohydrates on the surface of pathogens (8,9). However, the expression patterns of the two receptors differ, as DC-SIGNR expression is restricted to endothelial cells of the liver, lymph node, and placenta (10). Murine cells contain a set of related molecules, SIGNR1-SIGNR8 (11). Based on sequence analysis, there is no clear murine ortholog to human DC-SIGN, however SIGNR3 is the most functionally similar due to its ability to recognize both mannose and fructose structures (11).

  1. Geijtenbeek, T.B. et al. (2000) Cell 100, 575-85.
  2. Geijtenbeek, T.B. et al. (2000) Cell 100, 587-97.
  3. Mummidi, S. et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 33196-212.
  4. Kwon, D.S. et al. (2002) Immunity 16, 135-44.
  5. Geijtenbeek, T.B. et al. (2000) Nat Immunol 1, 353-7.
  6. Gringhuis, S.I. et al. (2007) Immunity 26, 605-16.
  7. Gringhuis, S.I. et al. (2010) Nat Immunol 11, 419-26.
  8. Bashirova, A.A. et al. (2001) J Exp Med 193, 671-8.
  9. Mitchell, D.A. et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 28939-45.
  10. Pöhlmann, S. et al. (2001) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98, 2670-5.
  11. Powlesland, A.S. et al. (2006) J Biol Chem 281, 20440-9.

Pathways & Proteins

Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.

For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.

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