Flow cytometric analysis of HeLa cells, untreated (blue) or treated with Human Interferon-γ (hIFN-γ) #8901 (10 ng/ml, 16 hr; green) using IDO (D5J4E™) Rabbit mAb (PE Conjugate).Learn more about how we get our images.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
NOTE: If using whole blood, lyse red blood cells and wash by centrifugation prior to fixation.
posted July 2009
revised June 2017
Protocol Id: 407
Supplied in PBS (pH 7.2), less than 0.1% sodium azide and 2 mg/ml BSA. Store at 4°C. Do not aliquot the antibodies. Protect from light. Do not freeze.
IDO (D5J4E™) Rabbit mAb recognizes endogenous levels of total IDO (IDO-1, INDO) protein. The antibody does not cross-react with IDO-2 (INDOL1). Some nonspecific staining of normal breast epithelium has been observed.
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with recombinant human IDO protein.
This Cell Signaling Technology antibody is conjugated to phycoerythrin (PE) and tested in-house for direct flow cytometry analysis in human cells. This antibody is expected to exhibit the same species cross-reactivity as the unconjugated IDO (D5J4E™) Rabbit mAb #86630.
INDO/IDO1/indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is an IFN-γ-inducible enzyme that catalyzes the rate-limiting step of tryptophan degradation (1). IDO is upregulated in many tumors and in dendritic cells in tumor-draining lymph nodes. Elevated tryptophan catabolism in these cells leads to tryptophan starvation of T cells, limiting T cell proliferation and activation (2). Therefore, IDO is considered an immunosuppresive molecule, and research studies have shown that upregulation of IDO is a mechanism of cancer immune evasion (3). The gastrointestinal stromal tumor drug, imatinib, was found to act, in part, by reducing IDO expression, resulting in increased CD8+ T cell activation and induction of apoptosis in regulatory T cells (4). In addition to its enzymatic activity, IDO was recently shown to have signaling capability through an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) that is phosphorylated by Fyn in response to TGF-β. This leads to recruitment of SHP-1 and activation of the noncanonical NF-κB pathway (5).
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
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|10312S||100 µl (50 tests)||$ 305.0|