Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of HCC1954 (left), MDA-MB-231 (middle), and A549 (right) using PD-L1 (Extracellular Domain Specific) (D8T4X) (Alexa Fluor® 647 Conjugate) Rabbit mAb (Red). Blue pseudocolor = Propidium Iodide (PI)/RNase Staining Solution #4087.Learn more about how we get our images
Flow cytometric analysis of SUP-M2 cells (green), MDA-MB-231 cells (blue), and Ramos cells (red) using using PD-L1 (Extracellular Domain Specific) (D8T4X) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 647 Conjugate).Learn more about how we get our images
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalently purified water.
NOTE: Cells should be grown, treated, fixed and stained directly in multiwell plates, chamber slides or on coverslips.
NOTE: All subsequent incubations should be carried out at room temperature unless otherwise noted in a humid light-tight box or covered dish/plate to prevent drying and fluorochrome fading.
posted November 2006
revised December 2010
Protocol Id: 220
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
NOTE: If live cell staining is desired, proceed to Section C.
NOTE: Count cells using a hemocytometer or alternative method.
posted January 2009
revised June 2017
Protocol Id: 180
Supplied in PBS (pH 7.2), less than 0.1% sodium azide and 2 mg/ml BSA. Store at 4°C. Do not aliquot the antibody. Protect from light. Do not freeze.
PD-L1 (Extracellular Domain Specific) (D8T4X) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 647 Conjugate) recognizes endogenous levels of total PD-L1 protein.
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with mammalian cells expressing full length PD-L1 protein.
This Cell Signaling Technology antibody is conjugated to Alexa Fluor® 647 fluorescent dye and tested in-house for direct flow cytometric analysis in human cells. This antibody is expected to exhibit the same species cross-reactivity as the unconjugated PD-L1 (Extracellular Domain Specific) (D8T4X) Rabbit mAb #86744.
Programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1, B7-H1, CD274) is a member of the B7 family of cell surface ligands that regulate T cell activation and immune responses. The PD-L1 ligand binds the PD-1 transmembrane receptor and inhibits T cell activation. PD-L1 was discovered following a search for novel B7 protein homologs and was later shown to be expressed by antigen presenting cells, activated T cells, and tissues including placenta, heart, and lung (1-3). Similar in structure to related B7 family members, PD-L1 protein contains extracellular IgV and IgC domains and a short, cytoplasmic region. Research studies demonstrate that PD-L1 is expressed in several tumor types, including melanoma, ovary, colon, lung, breast, and renal cell carcinomas (4-6). Expression of PD-L1 in cancer is associated with tumor infiltrating lymphocytes, which mediate PD-L1 expression through the release of interferon gamma (7). Additional research links PD-L1 expression to cancers associated with viral infections (8,9).
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc. Alexa Fluor is a registered trademark of Life Technologies Corporation. The Alexa Fluor dye antibody conjugates in this product are sold under license from Life Technologies Corporation for research use only, except for use in combination with DNA microarrays. The Alexa Fluor® dyes (except for Alexa Fluor® 430 dye) are covered by pending and issued patents. Alexa Fluor® is a registered trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc.
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|41726S||100 µl (50 tests)||$ 299.0|