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REACTIVITY SENSITIVITY MW (kDa) Isotype
H M R Mk Pg Endogenous Rabbit IgG
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Flow Cytometry

Flow cytometric analysis of HeLa cells, λ phosphatase and anisomycin-treated (blue) or anisomycin only-treated (green) using Phospho-c-Jun (Ser73) (D47G9) XP® Rabbit mAb (PE Conjugate).

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Flow Cytometry, Methanol Permeabilization Protocol for Direct Conjugates

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.

  1. 20X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): (#9808) To prepare 1 L 1X PBS: add 50 ml 20X PBS to 950 ml dH2O, mix.
  2. 16% Formaldehyde (methanol free).
  3. 100% methanol.
  4. Incubation Buffer: Dissolve 0.5 g Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) (#9998) in 100 ml 1X PBS. Store at 4°C.

B. Fixation

NOTE: If using whole blood, lyse red blood cells and wash by centrifugation prior to fixation.

  1. Collect cells by centrifugation and aspirate supernatant.
  2. Resuspend cells in 0.5-1 ml 1X PBS. Add formaldehyde to obtain a final concentration of 4%.
  3. Fix for 15 min at room temperature.
  4. Wash by centrifugation with excess 1X PBS. Discard supernatant in appropriate waste container. Resuspend cells in 0.5-1 ml 1X PBS.

C. Permeabilization

  1. Permeabilize cells by adding ice-cold 100% methanol slowly to pre-chilled cells, while gently vortexing, to a final concentration of 90% methanol.
  2. Incubate 30 min on ice.
  3. Proceed with immunostaining (Section D) or store cells at -20°C in 90% methanol.

D. Immunostaining

  1. Aliquot desired number of cells into tubes or wells.
  2. Wash cells by centrifugation in excess 1X PBS to remove methanol. Discard supernatant in appropriate waste container. Repeat if necessary.
  3. Resuspend cells in 100 µl of diluted antibody conjugate (prepared in incubation buffer at the recommended dilution).
  4. Incubate for 1 hr at room temperature. Protect from light.
  5. Wash by centrifugation in incubation buffer. Discard supernatant. Repeat.
  6. Resuspend cells in 1X PBS and analyze on flow cytometer; alternatively, for DNA staining, proceed to optional DNA stain (Section E).

E. Optional DNA Dye

  1. Resuspend cells in 0.5 ml of DNA dye (e.g. Propidium Iodide (PI)/RNase Staining Solution #4087).
  2. Incubate for at least 5 min at room temperature.
  3. Analyze cells in DNA staining solution on flow cytometer.

posted July 2009

revised June 2017

Protocol Id: 407

Product Usage Information

Application Dilutions
Flow Cytometry 1:50

Storage: Supplied in PBS (pH 7.2), less than 0.1% sodium azide and 2 mg/ml BSA. Store at 4°C. Do not aliquot the antibodies. Protect from light. Do not freeze.

Specificity / Sensitivity

Phospho-c-Jun (Ser73) (D47G9) XP® Rabbit mAb (PE Conjugate) recognizes endogenous levels of c-Jun only when phosphorylated at Ser73.


Species Reactivity: Human, Mouse, Rat, Monkey, Pig
Species predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology: Bovine

Source / Purification

Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic phosphopeptide corresponding to residues around Ser73 of human c-Jun protein.

Product Description

This Cell Signaling Technology antibody is conjugated to phycoerythrin (PE) and tested in-house for direct flow cytometry analysis in human cells. The antibody is expected to exhibit the same species cross-reactivity as the unconjugated Phospho-c-Jun (Ser73) (D47G9) XP® Rabbit mAb #3270.


c-Jun is a member of the Jun family containing c-Jun, JunB, and JunD, and is a component of the transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1). AP-1 is composed of dimers of Fos, Jun, and ATF family members and binds to and activates transcription at TRE/AP-1 elements (reviewed in 1). Extracellular signals including growth factors, chemokines, and stress activate AP-1-dependent transcription. The transcriptional activity of c-Jun is regulated by phosphorylation at Ser63 and Ser73 through SAPK/JNK (reviewed in 2). Knock-out studies in mice have shown that c-Jun is essential for embryogenesis (3), and subsequent studies have demonstrated roles for c-Jun in various tissues and developmental processes including axon regeneration (4), liver regeneration (5), and T cell development (6). AP-1 regulated genes exert diverse biological functions including cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis, as well as transformation, invasion and metastasis, depending on cell type and context (7-9). Other target genes regulate survival, as well as hypoxia and angiogenesis (8,10). Research studies have implicated c-Jun as a promising therapeutic target for cancer, vascular remodeling, acute inflammation, and rheumatoid arthritis (11,12).


1.  Jochum, W. et al. (2001) Oncogene 20, 2401-12.

2.  Davis, R.J. (2000) Cell 103, 239-52.

3.  Hilberg, F. et al. (1993) Nature 365, 179-81.

4.  Raivich, G. et al. (2004) Neuron 43, 57-67.

5.  Behrens, A. et al. (2002) EMBO J 21, 1782-90.

6.  Riera-Sans, L. and Behrens, A. (2007) J Immunol 178, 5690-700.

7.  Leppä, S. and Bohmann, D. (1999) Oncogene 18, 6158-62.

8.  Shaulian, E. and Karin, M. (2002) Nat Cell Biol 4, E131-6.

9.  Weiss, C. and Bohmann, D. (2004) Cell Cycle 3, 111-3.

10.  Karamouzis, M.V. et al. (2007) Mol Cancer Res 5, 109-20.

11.  Kim, S. and Iwao, H. (2003) J Pharmacol Sci 91, 177-81.

12.  Dass, C.R. and Choong, P.F. (2008) Pharmazie 63, 411-4.


Entrez-Gene Id 3725
Swiss-Prot Acc. P05412


For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
XP is a registered trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.

8752
Phospho-c-Jun (Ser73) (D47G9) XP® Rabbit mAb (PE Conjugate)