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13223
Phospho-Stat4 (Tyr693) (D2E4) Rabbit mAb (PE Conjugate)

Phospho-Stat4 (Tyr693) (D2E4) Rabbit mAb (PE Conjugate) #13223

APPLICATIONS

REACTIVITY SENSITIVITY MW (kDa) Isotype
H Endogenous Rabbit IgG
Flow Cytometry

Flow cytometric analysis of NK-92 cells, starved of Human Interleukin-2 (hIL-2) #8907 (4 hr) and then either untreated (blue) or IL-12-treated (50 ng/ml, 15 min; green), using Phospho-Stat4 (Tyr693) (D2E4) Rabbit mAb (PE Conjugate).

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Flow Cytometry, Methanol Permeabilization Protocol for Direct Conjugates

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.

  1. 20X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): (#9808) To prepare 1 L 1X PBS: add 50 ml 20X PBS to 950 ml dH2O, mix.
  2. 16% Formaldehyde (methanol free).
  3. 100% methanol.
  4. Incubation Buffer: Dissolve 0.5 g Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) (#9998) in 100 ml 1X PBS. Store at 4°C.

B. Fixation

NOTE: If using whole blood, lyse red blood cells and wash by centrifugation prior to fixation.

  1. Collect cells by centrifugation and aspirate supernatant.
  2. Resuspend cells in 0.5-1 ml 1X PBS. Add formaldehyde to obtain a final concentration of 4%.
  3. Fix for 15 min at room temperature.
  4. Wash by centrifugation with excess 1X PBS. Discard supernatant in appropriate waste container. Resuspend cells in 0.5-1 ml 1X PBS.

C. Permeabilization

  1. Permeabilize cells by adding ice-cold 100% methanol slowly to pre-chilled cells, while gently vortexing, to a final concentration of 90% methanol.
  2. Incubate 30 min on ice.
  3. Proceed with immunostaining (Section D) or store cells at -20°C in 90% methanol.

D. Immunostaining

  1. Aliquot desired number of cells into tubes or wells.
  2. Wash cells by centrifugation in excess 1X PBS to remove methanol. Discard supernatant in appropriate waste container. Repeat if necessary.
  3. Resuspend cells in 100 µl of diluted antibody conjugate (prepared in incubation buffer at the recommended dilution).
  4. Incubate for 1 hr at room temperature. Protect from light.
  5. Wash by centrifugation in incubation buffer. Discard supernatant. Repeat.
  6. Resuspend cells in 1X PBS and analyze on flow cytometer; alternatively, for DNA staining, proceed to optional DNA stain (Section E).

E. Optional DNA Dye

  1. Resuspend cells in 0.5 ml of DNA dye (e.g. Propidium Iodide (PI)/RNase Staining Solution #4087).
  2. Incubate for at least 5 min at room temperature.
  3. Analyze cells in DNA staining solution on flow cytometer.

posted July 2009

revised June 2017

Protocol Id: 407

Application Dilutions
Flow Cytometry 1:50
Storage:

Supplied in PBS (pH 7.2), less than 0.1% sodium azide and 2 mg/ml BSA. Store at 4°C. Do not aliquot the antibodies. Protect from light. Do not freeze.

Phospho-Stat4 (Tyr693) (D2E4) Rabbit mAb (PE Conjugate) recognizes endogenous levels of Stat4 protein only when phosphorylated at Tyr693.

Species Reactivity:

Human

Species predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology:

Mouse, Rat, Monkey, Pig

Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic phosphopeptide corresponding to residues surrounding Tyr693 of human Stat4 protein.

This Cell Signaling Technology antibody is conjugated to phycoerythrin (PE) and tested in-house for direct flow cytometry analysis in human cells. The antibody is expected to exhibit the same species cross-reactivity as the unconjugated Phospho-Stat4 (Tyr693) (D2E4) Rabbit mAb #4134.

The Jak-Stat signaling pathway is utilized by a large number of cytokines, growth factors, and hormones (1). Receptor-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation of Jak family members triggers phosphorylation of Stat proteins, resulting in their nuclear translocation, binding to specific DNA elements, and subsequent activation of transcription. The remarkable range and specificity of responses regulated by the Stats is determined, in part, by the tissue-specific expression of different cytokine receptors, Jaks, and Stats, as well as by the combinatorial coupling of various Stat members to different receptors (2). Stat4 is predominantly expressed in the spleen, thymus, and testis and has been most extensively investigated as the mediator of IL-12 responses (3-8). Activation of Stat4 is associated with phosphorylation at Tyr693 (9).

  1. Darnell, J.E. et al. (1994) Science 264, 1415-21.
  2. Leonard, W.J. (1998) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 16, 293-322.
  3. Zhong, Z. et al. (1994) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91, 4806-4810.
  4. Yamamoto, K. et al. (1994) Mol. Cell Biol. 14, 4342-4349.
  5. Jacobson, N.G. et al. (1995) J. Exp. Med. 181, 1755-1762.
  6. Bacon, C.M. et al. (1995) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92, 7307-7311.
  7. Thierfelder, W.E. et al. (1996) Nature 382, 171-174.
  8. Kaplan, M.H. et al. (1996) Nature 382, 174-177.
  9. Visconti, R. et al. (2000) Blood 96, 1844-52.
Entrez-Gene Id
6775
Swiss-Prot Acc.
Q14765
For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.

Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.

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Product # Size Price
13223S
100 µl (50 tests) $ 320.0