Flow cytometric analysis of THP-1 cells, untreated (blue) or treated with TPA (200 nM, 4D/3D rest) and LPS (1 ug/ml, 1 hr; green) using Phospho-TBK1/NAK (Ser172) (D52C2) XP® Rabbit mAb (PE Conjugate) (solid lines) or concentration-matched Rabbit (DA1E) mAb IgG XP® Isotype Control (PE Conjugate) #5742 (dashed lines).
This Cell Signaling Technology antibody is conjugated to phycoerythrin (PE) and tested in-house for direct flow cytometry analysis in human cells. The antibody is expected to exhibit the same species cross-reactivity as the unconjugated Phospho-TBK1/NAK (Ser172) (D52C2) XP® Rabbit mAb #5483.
Supplied in PBS (pH 7.2), less than 0.1% sodium azide and 2 mg/ml BSA. Store at 4°C. Do not aliquot the antibodies. Protect from light. Do not freeze.
All reagents required for this protocol may be efficiently purchased together in our Intracellular Flow Cytometry Kit (Methanol) #13593, or individually using the catalog numbers listed below.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
NOTE: When including fluorescent cellular dyes in your experiment (including viability dyes, DNA dyes, etc.), please refer to the dye product page for the recommended protocol. Visit www.cellsignal.com for a full listing of cellular dyes validated for use in flow cytometry.
NOTE: Adherent cells or tissue should be dissociated and in single-cell suspension prior to fixation.
NOTE: Optimal centrifugation conditions will vary depending upon cell type and reagent volume. Generally, 150-300g for 1-5 minutes will be sufficient to pellet the cells.
NOTE: If using whole blood, lyse red blood cells and wash by centrifugation prior to fixation.
NOTE: Antibodies targeting CD markers or other extracellular proteins may be added prior to fixation if the epitope is disrupted by formaldehyde and/or methanol. The antibodies will remain bound to the target of interest during the fixation and permeabilization process. However, note that some fluorophores (including PE and APC) are damaged by methanol and thus should not be added prior to permeabilization. Conduct a small-scale experiment if you are unsure.
NOTE: Count cells using a hemocytometer or alternative method.
posted July 2009
revised June 2020
Protocol Id: 407
Phospho-TBK1/NAK (Ser172) (D52C2) XP® Rabbit mAb (PE Conjugate) recognizes endogenous levels of TBK1 only when phosphorylated at Ser172. This antibody may cross-react with phospho-IKKε.
Mouse, Rat, Monkey, Xenopus, Bovine, Dog
Monoclonal antibody is prepared from animals immunized with a synthetic phosphopeptide corresponding to residues surrounding Ser172 of human TBK1 protein.
TBK1 (TANK-binding kinase 1)/NAK (NF-κB activating kinase) is an IκB kinase (IKK)-activating kinase and can activate IKK through direct phosphorylation (1). TBK1 was identified through association with the TRAF binding protein, TANK, and found to function upstream of NIK and IKK in the activation of NF-κB (2). TBK1 induces IκB degradation and NF-κB activity through IKKβ. TBK1 may mediate IKK and NF-κB activation in response to growth factors that stimulate PKCε activity (1). TBK1 plays a pivotal role in the activation of IRF3 in the innate immune response (3).
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XP is a registered trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.