Figure 1. Treatment of A-431 cells with EGF stimulates phosphorylation of p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) at Thr202 and Tyr204 but does not effect the level of total p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2). The relationship between lysate protein concentration from untreated and EGF-treated A-431 cells and the absorbance at 450 nm using the FastScan™ Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk 1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) ELISA Kit #42173 is shown in the upper figure. The corresponding western blots using phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) antibody (left panel) and p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) antibody (right panel) are shown in the lower figure. After serum starvation, A-431 cells were treated with 100 ng/ml EGF #8916 for 5 minutes at 37°C and then lysed.
|REACTIVITY||H M R Mk|
|Product Includes||Volume (with Count)||Solution Color|
|FastScan™ ELISA Microwell Strip Plate, 96 Well 53257||1 x 96 tests|
|p44/42 MAP Kinase Mouse Capture mAb||1 x 1 ea||Green (Lyophilized)|
|Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (T202/Y204) Rabbit HRP-linked mAb||1 x 1 ea||Red (Lyophilized)|
|FastScan™ ELISA Capture Antibody Diluent||1 x 3 ml||Green|
|FastScan™ ELISA HRP Antibody Diluent||1 x 3 ml|
|TMB Substrate 7004||1 x 11 ml|
|STOP Solution 7002||1 x 11 ml|
|Sealing Tape||1 x 1 ea|
|ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) 9801||1 x 25 ml|
|FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Buffer (5X) 69905||1 x 10 ml|
|FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (50X) 25243||1 x 1 ml|
|FastScan™ ELISA Kit #42173 Positive Control Type 1||1 x 1 ea|
NOTE: Prepare solutions with deionized/purified water or equivalent.
Prepare only as much reagent as needed on the day of the experiment.
*IMPORTANT: The provided FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (50X) may precipitate when stored at 4°C. To dissolve, warm briefly at 37°C and mix gently. The FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (50X) can be stored at room temperature to avoid precipitation.
NOTE: The 1X Cell Extraction Buffer contains phosphatase inhibitors. Protease inhibitors should be added to the 1X Cell Extraction Buffer immediately prior to lysing cells. Additional phosphatase inhibitors can also be added (e.g. Protease/Phosphatase Inhibitor Cocktail (100X) #5872, not supplied).
NOTE: A select number of FastScan™ ELISA kits do not contain a positive control, please refer to Product Includes table on the datasheet for a list of included reagents. Should you need support on how to generate a positive control for those kits, contact CST technical support at [email protected].
For adherent cells
For suspension cells
NOTE: Equilibrate all materials and prepared reagents to room temperature prior to running the assay.
*NOTE: Certain FastScan™ ELISA Kits may require additional washes at this step. Any requirements for additional washes will be specifically noted in the product “Description” of the kit’s datasheet.
NOTE: Initial color of positive reaction is blue, which changes to yellow upon addition of STOP Solution.
posted May 2018
revised November 2019
Protocol Id: 1924
The FastScan™ Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Thr202/Tyr204) ELISA Kit is a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of p44/42 MAPK when phosphorylated at Thr202/Tyr204. To perform the assay, sample is incubated with a capture antibody conjugated with a proprietary tag and a second detection antibody linked to HRP, forming a sandwich with phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Thr202/Tyr204) in solution. This entire complex is immobilized to the plate via an anti-tag antibody. The wells are then washed to remove unbound material. TMB is then added. The magnitude of observed signal is proportional to the quantity of phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Thr202/Tyr204). Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit.
The FastScan™ Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Thr202/Tyr204) ELISA Kit detects endogenous levels of p44/42 MAPK when phosphorylated at Thr202/Tyr204, as shown in Figure 1. This kit detects proteins from the indicated species, as determined through in-house testing, but may also detect homologous proteins from other species.
Human, Mouse, Rat, Monkey
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are a widely conserved family of serine/threonine protein kinases involved in many cellular programs, such as cell proliferation, differentiation, motility, and death. The p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) signaling pathway can be activated in response to a diverse range of extracellular stimuli including mitogens, growth factors, and cytokines (1-3), and research investigators consider it an important target in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer (4). Upon stimulation, a sequential three-part protein kinase cascade is initiated, consisting of a MAP kinase kinase kinase (MAPKKK or MAP3K), a MAP kinase kinase (MAPKK or MAP2K), and a MAP kinase (MAPK). Multiple p44/42 MAP3Ks have been identified, including members of the Raf family, as well as Mos and Tpl2/COT. MEK1 and MEK2 are the primary MAPKKs in this pathway (5,6). MEK1 and MEK2 activate p44 and p42 through phosphorylation of activation loop residues Thr202/Tyr204 and Thr185/Tyr187, respectively. Several downstream targets of p44/42 have been identified, including p90RSK (7) and the transcription factor Elk-1 (8,9). p44/42 are negatively regulated by a family of dual-specificity (Thr/Tyr) MAPK phosphatases, known as DUSPs or MKPs (10), along with MEK inhibitors, such as U0126 and PD98059.
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