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15930
PathScan® Phospho-Beclin-1 (Ser30) Sandwich ELISA Kit
ELISA Kits
ELISA Kit

PathScan® Phospho-Beclin-1 (Ser30) Sandwich ELISA Kit #15930

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PathScan® Phospho-Beclin-1 (Ser30) Sandwich ELISA Kit: Image 1
Figure 1. Beclin-1 is phosphorylated at Ser30 in 293T cells that were transfected with a construct expressing human Beclin-1. The relationship between lysate protein concentration from mock transfected cells and cells transfected with an expression construct encoding Myc/DDK-tagged Beclin-1 and the absorbance at 450 nm using the PathScan® Phospho-Beclin-1 (Ser30) Sandwich ELISA Kit #15930 is shown in the upper figure. The corresponding western blots using phospho-Beclin-1 (Ser30) antibody (left panel) and Beclin-1 antibody (right panel) are shown in the lower figure. 293T cells were either transfected with a construct expressing Myc/DDK-tagged full-length human Beclin-1 (hBeclin-1-Myc/DDK) or mock transfected, and then lysed.
To Purchase # 15930
Cat. # Size Qty. Price
15930C
1 Kit  (96 assays) $ 535

Important Ordering Details

Custom Ordering Details: When ordering five or more kits, please contact us for processing time and pricing at [email protected].

Supporting Data

REACTIVITY H

Application Key:

  • WB-Western Blot
  • IP-Immunoprecipitation
  • IHC-Immunohistochemistry
  • ChIP-Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • IF-Immunofluorescence
  • F-Flow Cytometry
  • E-P-ELISA-Peptide

Species Cross-Reactivity Key:

  • H-Human
  • M-Mouse
  • R-Rat
  • Hm-Hamster
  • Mk-Monkey
  • Vir-Virus
  • Mi-Mink
  • C-Chicken
  • Dm-D. melanogaster
  • X-Xenopus
  • Z-Zebrafish
  • B-Bovine
  • Dg-Dog
  • Pg-Pig
  • Sc-S. cerevisiae
  • Ce-C. elegans
  • Hr-Horse
  • All-All Species Expected
Product Includes Volume Solution Color
Beclin-1 Rabbit mAb Coated Microwells 96 tests
Phospho-Beclin-1 (Ser30) Rabbit Detection mAb 1 ea Red (Lyophilized)
HRP Diluent 5.5 ml Red
TMB Substrate 7004 11 ml
STOP Solution 7002 11 ml
Sealing Tape 2 ea
ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) 9801 25 ml
Cell Lysis Buffer (10X) 9803 15 ml

Product Description

The PathScan® Phospho-Beclin-1 (Ser30) Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of Beclin-1 protein phosphorylated at Ser30. Incubation of cell lysates and detection antibody on the coated microwell plate forms a sandwich with phospho-Beclin-1 (Ser30) in a single step. The plate is then extensively washed and TMB reagent is added for signal development. The magnitude of absorbance for the developed color is proportional to the quantity of phospho-Beclin-1 (Ser30).

*Antibodies in this kit are custom formulations specific to kit.

Protocol

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PathScan® Sandwich ELISA Protocol (One-Step Test Procedure)

NOTE: This protocol is for PathScan® kits that use an HRP directly conjugated to the detection antibody (1-step method), rather than a 2-step method where the detection antibody and a secondary-HRP are added sequentially.

Refer to product-specific datasheets for assay incubation temperature.

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with deionized/purified water or equivalent.

  1. Microwell strips: Bring all to room temperature before opening bag/use. Unused microwell strips should be returned to the original re-sealable bag containing the desiccant pack and stored at 4°C.
  2. Detection Antibody: Reconstitute lyophilized Detection Antibody (red colored cake) with 5.5 mL HRP Diluent. Incubate at room temperature for 5 min with occasional gentle mixing to fully reconstitute. For best results, use immediately following antibody reconstitution. Unused reconstituted Detection Antibody may be stored for up to 4 weeks at 4°C, although there may be some loss of signal compared to freshly reconstituted antibody.
  3. HRP Diluent: Red colored diluent for reconstitution and dilution of the Detection Antibody that is linked to HRP.
  4. 1X ELISA Wash Buffer: Prepare by diluting ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) (included in each kit) to 1X with deionized water.
  5. 1X Cell Lysis Buffer: Prepare by diluting 10X Cell Lysis Buffer #9803 to 1X with deionized water. This buffer can be stored at 4°C for short-term use (1–2 weeks). Recommended: When using to prepare cell lysates, add Protease/Phosphatase Inhibitor Cocktail (#5872, not supplied) and 1 mM phenylmethyl- sulfonyl fluoride (PMSF, #8553, not supplied) immediately before use.
  6. TMB Substrate (#7004): Bring to room temperature before use.
  7. STOP Solution (#7002): Bring to room temperature before use.

B. Preparing Cell Lysates

For adherent cells

  1. Aspirate media when the culture reaches 80–90% confluence. Treat cells by adding fresh media containing regulator for desired time.
  2. Remove media and rinse cells once with ice-cold 1X PBS.
  3. Remove PBS and add 0.5 mL ice-cold 1X Cell Lysis Buffer including 1 mM PMSF and Protease/Phosphatase Inhibitor Cocktail to each plate (10 cm diameter) and incubate the plate on ice for 5 min.
  4. Scrape cells off the plate and transfer to an appropriate tube. Keep on ice.
  5. Sonicate lysates on ice.
  6. Microcentrifuge for 10 min (14,000 rpm) at 4°C and transfer the supernatant to a new tube. The supernatant is the cell lysate. Store at −80°C in single-use aliquots.

For suspension cells

  1. Remove media by low speed centrifugation (~1200 rpm) when the culture reaches 0.5–1.0 x 106 viable cells/mL. Treat cells by adding fresh media containing regulator for desired time.
  2. Collect cells by low speed centrifugation (~1200 rpm) and wash once with 5-10 mL ice-cold 1X PBS.
  3. Cells harvested from 50 mL of growth media can be lysed in 2.0 mL of 1X Cell Lysis Buffer including 1 mM PMSF and Protease/Phosphatase Inhibitor Cocktail.
  4. Sonicate lysates on ice.
  5. Microcentrifuge for 10 min (14,000 rpm) at 4°C and transfer the supernatant to a new tube. The supernatant is the cell lysate. Store at −80°C in single-use aliquots.

C. Test Procedure

NOTE: Equilibrate all materials and prepared reagents to room temperature prior to running the assay.

  1. Prepare all reagents as indicated above (Section A).
  2. Samples should be undiluted or diluted with 1X Cell Lysis Buffer to a 2X protein concentration in order to achieve a final 1X protein concentration upon addition of the Detection Antibody. Individual datasheets for each kit provide a sensitivity curve that serves as a reference for selection of an appropriate starting lysate concentration. The sensitivity curve shows typical results across a range of lysate concentration points.
  3. Add 50 µL of each sample to the appropriate wells.
  4. Add 50 µL of the Detection Antibody to each well.
  5. Seal the plate and incubate for 1 hour at room temperature on a plate shaker set to 400 rpm (moderate agitation).
  6. Gently remove the tape and wash wells:
    1. Discard plate contents into a receptacle.
    2. Wash 4 times with 1X Wash Buffer, 200 µL each time for each well.
    3. For each wash, strike plates on fresh towels hard enough to remove the residual solution in each well, but do not allow wells to completely dry at any time.
    4. Clean the underside of all wells with a lint-free tissue.
  7. Add 100 µL of TMB Substrate to each well. Seal with tape and incubate the plate in the dark for 15 min at room temperature on a plate shaker (400 rpm, moderate agitation) or alternatively for 10 min at 37°C without shaking.
  8. Add 100 µL of STOP Solution to each well. Shake gently for a few seconds.
  9. NOTE: Initial color of positive reaction is blue, which changes to yellow upon addition of STOP Solution.

  10. Read results:
    1. Visual Determination: Read within 30 min after adding STOP Solution.
    2. Spectrophotometric Determination: Wipe underside of wells with a lint-free tissue. Read absorbance at 450 nm within 30 min after adding STOP Solution.

created July 2020

Protocol Id: 2144

Specificity / Sensitivity

The PathScan® Phospho-Beclin-1 (Ser30) Sandwich ELISA Kit detects endogenous levels of Beclin-1 protein phosphorylated at Ser30. The kit sensitivity is shown in Figure 1. This kit detects proteins from the indicated species, as determined through in-house testing, but may also detect homologous proteins from other species.

Species Reactivity:

Human

Background

Autophagy is a catabolic process for the autophagosomic-lysosomal degradation of proteins activated in response to nutrient deprivation and in neurodegenerative conditions (1). One of the proteins critical to this process is Beclin-1, the mammalian orthologue of the yeast autophagy protein Apg6/Vps30 (2). Beclin-1 can complement defects in yeast autophagy caused by loss of Apg6 and can also stimulate autophagy when overexpressed in mammalian cells (3). Mammalian Beclin-1 was originally isolated in a yeast two-hybrid screen for Bcl-2 interacting proteins and has been shown to interact with Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL, but not with Bax or Bak (4). While Beclin-1 is generally ubiquitously expressed, research studies have shown it is monoallelically deleted in 40-75% of sporadic human breast and ovarian cancers (5). Beclin-1 is localized within cytoplasmic structures including the mitochondria, although overexpression of Beclin-1 reveals some nuclear staining and CRM1-dependent nuclear export (6). Investigators have demonstrated that Beclin-1-/- mice die early in embryogenesis and Beclin-1-/+ mice have a high incidence of spontaneous tumors. Stem cells from the null mice demonstrate an altered autophagic response, although responses to apoptosis appeared normal (7). Researchers have also found that overexpression of Beclin-1 in virally infected neurons in vivo resulted in significant protection against Sindbis virus-induced disease and neuronal apoptosis (4).
ULK1 phosphorylates Beclin-1 at Ser30 to induce autophagy in response to amino acid starvation, mTORC1 inhibition, and hypoxia (8).
  1. Reggiori, F. and Klionsky, D.J. (2002) Eukaryot Cell 1, 11-21.
  2. Kametaka, S. et al. (1998) J Biol Chem 273, 22284-91.
  3. Liang, X.H. et al. (1999) Nature 402, 672-6.
  4. Liang, X.H. et al. (1998) J Virol 72, 8586-96.
  5. Aita, V.M. et al. (1999) Genomics 59, 59-65.
  6. Liang, X.H. et al. (2001) Cancer Res 61, 3443-9.
  7. Yue, Z. et al. (2003) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 100, 15077-82.
  8. Park, J.M. et al. (2018) Autophagy 14, 584-597.

Pathways & Proteins

Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.

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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
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