Figure 1. Treatment of NIH/3T3 cells with hPDGF-BB #8912 stimulates phosphorylation of GSK-3β at Ser9, as detected by PathScan® Phospho-GSK-3β (Ser9) Sandwich ELISA Kit #7311, but does not affect levels of total GSK-3β protein detected by PathScan® Total GSK-3β Sandwich ELISA Kit #7265. The absorbance readings at 450 nm are shown in the upper figure, while the corresponding western blots using GSK-3β (27C10) Rabbit mAb #9315 (left panel) or Phospho-GSK-3β (Ser9) (D85E12) XP® Rabbit mAb #5558 (right panel) is shown in the lower figure.
Figure 2. The relationship between protein concentration of lysates from untreated and PDGF-treated NIH/3T3 cells and the absorbance at 450 nm is shown. After starvation, NIH/3T3 cells (85% confluence) were treated with hPDGF-BB #8912 (50 ng/ml) for 10-15 minutes at 37ºC and then lysed.
|REACTIVITY||H M R Mk|
|Product Includes||Volume||Solution Color|
|GSK-3beta Mouse mAb Coated Microwells||96 tests|
|GSK-3β Rabbit Detection mAb||1 ea||Green (Lyophilized)|
|Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody (ELISA Formulated)||1 ea||Red (Lyophilized)|
|Detection Antibody Diluent||11 ml||Green|
|HRP Diluent||11 ml||Red|
|TMB Substrate 7004||11 ml||Colorless|
|STOP Solution 7002||11 ml||Colorless|
|Sealing Tape||2 ea|
|ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) 9801||25 ml||Colorless|
|ELISA Sample Diluent||25 ml||Blue|
|Cell Lysis Buffer (10X) 9803||15 ml||Yellowish|
The PathScan® Total GSK-3β Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of GSK-3β protein. A GSK-3β mouse mAb has been coated onto the microwells. After incubation with cell lysates, GSK-3β (phospho and nonphospho) protein is captured by the coated antibody. Following extensive washing, a GSK-3β rabbit mAb is added to detect the captured GSK-3β protein. Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked antibody is then used to recognize the bound detection antibody. HRP substrate, TMB, is added to develop color. The magnitude of the absorbance for this developed color is proportional to the quantity of total GSK-3β.
Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with purified water.
*NOTE: Some PathScan® ELISA Kits may include HRP-Linked Streptavidin in place of HRP-Linked Antibody.
NOTE: Initial color of positive reaction is blue, which changes to yellow upon addition of STOP Solution.
posted November 2013
Protocol Id: 204
PathScan® Total GSK-3β Sandwich ELISA Kit #7265 detects endogenous levels of total human GSK-3β as shown in Figure 1. The kit sensitivity is shown in Figure 2. This kit detects proteins from the indicated species, as determined through in-house testing, but may also detect homologous proteins from other species.
Human, Mouse, Rat, Monkey
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) was initially identified as an enzyme that regulates glycogen synthesis in response to insulin (1). GSK-3 is a ubiquitously expressed serine/threonine protein kinase that phosphorylates and inactivates glycogen synthase. GSK-3 is a critical downstream element of the PI3K/Akt cell survival pathway whose activity can be inhibited by Akt-mediated phosphorylation at Ser21 of GSK-3α and Ser9 of GSK-3β (2,3). GSK-3 has been implicated in the regulation of cell fate in Dictyostelium and is a component of the Wnt signaling pathway required for Drosophila, Xenopus, and mammalian development (4). GSK-3 has been shown to regulate cyclin D1 proteolysis and subcellular localization (5).
Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.