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94790
HIF-1α/2α Control Cell Extracts
Experimental Controls
Cell Extract Kit

HIF-1α/2α Control Cell Extracts #94790

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  1. WB
Western Blotting Image 1: HIF-1α/2α Control Cell Extracts
Western blot analysis of HIF-1α/2α Control Cell Extracts, untreated (-) or treated with cobalt chloride (100 μM, 24 hr; +), using HIF-1α (D1S7W) XP® Rabbit mAb #36169 (left, upper) and HIF-2α (E8E5Z) Rabbit mAb #71565 (right, upper) or β-Actin (13E5) Rabbit mAb #4970 (lower).

Product Usage Information

Boil for 3 minutes prior to use. Load 10 µL of untreated and cobalt chloride treated HIF-1α/2α Control Cell Extracts per lane.

Storage

Supplied in SDS Sample Buffer: 62.5 mM Tris-HCl (pH 6.8 at 25°C), 2% w/v SDS, 10% glycerol, 50 mM DTT, 0.01% w/v bromophenol blue or phenol red. Store at –20°C, or at –80°C for long-term storage.

Product Description

HIF-1α/2α Control Cell Extracts (Hep G2 untreated): Total cell extracts from Hep G2 cells serve as a negative control. Supplied in SDS sample buffer.

HIF-1α/2α Control Cell Extracts (Hep G2 + CoCl2): Total cell extracts from Hep G2 cells treated with cobalt chloride (100 μM, 24 hr) serve as a positive control.

This lysate pair is produced as a control for western blotting of HIF-1α and HIF-2α proteins.

Background

Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF1) is a heterodimeric transcription factor that plays a critical role in the cellular response to hypoxia (1). The HIF1 complex consists of two subunits, HIF-1α and HIF-1β, which are basic helix-loop-helix proteins of the PAS (Per, ARNT, Sim) family (2). HIF1 regulates the transcription of a broad range of genes that facilitate responses to the hypoxic environment, including genes regulating angiogenesis, erythropoiesis, cell cycle, metabolism, and apoptosis. The widely expressed HIF-1α is typically degraded rapidly in normoxic cells by the ubiquitin/proteasomal pathway. Under normoxic conditions, HIF-1α is proline hydroxylated leading to a conformational change that promotes binding to the von Hippel-Lindau protein (VHL) E3 ligase complex; ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation follows (3,4). Both hypoxic conditions and chemical hydroxylase inhibitors (such as desferrioxamine and cobalt) inhibit HIF-1α degradation and lead to its stabilization. In addition, HIF-1α can be induced in an oxygen-independent manner by various cytokines through the PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathway (5-7).

HIF-1β is also known as AhR nuclear translocator (ARNT) due to its ability to partner with the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) to form a heterodimeric transcription factor complex (8). Together with AhR, HIF-1β plays an important role in xenobiotics metabolism (8). In addition, a chromosomal translocation leading to a TEL-ARNT fusion protein is associated with acute myeloblastic leukemia (9). Studies also found that ARNT/HIF-1β expression levels decrease significantly in pancreatic islets from patients with type 2 diabetes, suggesting that HIF-1β plays an important role in pancreatic β-cell function (10).
  1. Sharp, F.R. and Bernaudin, M. (2004) Nat Rev Neurosci 5, 437-48.
  2. Wang, G.L. et al. (1995) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 92, 5510-4.
  3. Jaakkola, P. et al. (2001) Science 292, 468-72.
  4. Maxwell, P.H. et al. (1999) Nature 399, 271-5.
  5. Fukuda, R. et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 38205-11.
  6. Jiang, B.H. et al. (2001) Cell Growth Differ 12, 363-9.
  7. Laughner, E. et al. (2001) Mol Cell Biol 21, 3995-4004.
  8. Walisser, J.A. et al. (2004) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101, 16677-82.
  9. Salomon-Nguyen, F. et al. (2000) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97, 6757-62.
  10. Gunton, J.E. et al. (2005) Cell 122, 337-49.

Limited Uses

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Products are labeled with For Research Use Only or a similar labeling statement and have not been approved, cleared, or licensed by the FDA or other regulatory foreign or domestic entity, for any purpose. Customer shall not use any Product for any diagnostic or therapeutic purpose, or otherwise in any manner that conflicts with its labeling statement. Products sold or licensed by CST are provided for Customer as the end-user and solely for research and development uses. Any use of Product for diagnostic, prophylactic or therapeutic purposes, or any purchase of Product for resale (alone or as a component) or other commercial purpose, requires a separate license from CST. Customer shall (a) not sell, license, loan, donate or otherwise transfer or make available any Product to any third party, whether alone or in combination with other materials, or use the Products to manufacture any commercial products, (b) not copy, modify, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or otherwise attempt to discover the underlying structure or technology of the Products, or use the Products for the purpose of developing any products or services that would compete with CST products or services, (c) not alter or remove from the Products any trademarks, trade names, logos, patent or copyright notices or markings, (d) use the Products solely in accordance with CST Product Terms of Sale and any applicable documentation, and (e) comply with any license, terms of service or similar agreement with respect to any third party products or services used by Customer in connection with the Products.

For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
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To Purchase # 94790
Cat. # Size Qty. Price
94790S
100 µl  (10 western blots)
$ 132