For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted primary antibody in 5% w/v nonfat dry milk, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween® 20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.
NOTE: Please refer to primary antibody product webpage for recommended antibody dilution.
From sample preparation to detection, the reagents you need for your Western Blot are now in one convenient kit: #12957 Western Blotting Application Solutions Kit
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
Load 20 µl onto SDS-PAGE gel (10 cm x 10 cm).
NOTE: Volumes are for 10 cm x 10 cm (100 cm2) of membrane; for different sized membranes, adjust volumes accordingly.
* Avoid repeated exposure to skin.
posted June 2005
revised June 2020
Protocol Id: 19
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to the b2a2 junction site sequence of human Bcr-Abl.
The Bcr gene was orginally identified by its presence in the chimeric Bcr-Abl oncogene (1). The amino-terminal region of Bcr contains an oligomerization domain, a serine/threonine kinase domain, and a region that binds SH2 domains. The middle of the protein has a PH domain and a region of sequence similarity to the guanine nucleotide exchange factors for the Rho family of GTP binding proteins. The carboxy-terminal region may be involved in a GTPase activating function for the small GTP-binding protein Rac (2,3). The function of wild type Bcr in cells remains unclear. PDGF receptor may use Bcr as a downstream signaling mediator (4). Research studies have shown that the Bcr-Abl fusion results in production of a constitutively active tyrosine kinase, which causes chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) (5). Tyr177 of Bcr is phosphorylated in the Bcr-Abl fusion protein, which plays an important role in transforming the activity of Bcr-Abl (6). Phosphorylated Tyr177 provides a docking site for Gab2 and GRB2 (7,8).
The fusion protein encoded by Bcr-Abl varies in size, depending on the breakpoint in the BCR gene. Three breakpoint cluster regions have been characterized to date: major (M-bcr), minor (m-bcr) and micro (mu-bcr). The overwhelming majority of CML patients have a p210 Bcr-Abl gene (M-bcr), whose mRNA transcripts have a b3a2 and/or a b2a2 junction. The smallest of the fusion proteins, p190 Bcr-Abl, (m-bcr breakpoint) is principally associated with Ph-positive ALL. Rare cases of CML are due to a p190-type of Bcr-Abl gene and in these, the disease tends to have a prominent monocytic component, resembling CMML. CML resulting from a p230 Bcr-Abl gene (mu-bcr breakpoint) is also rare, and has been associated with the CNL variant and/or with marked thrombocytosis. Exceptional CML cases have been described with Bcr breakpoints outside the three defined cluster regions, or with unusual breakpoints in Abl (9).
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