Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Ala127 of mouse CD27 protein.
CD27 (TNFRSF7) is a transmembrane protein of the TNF receptor superfamily (TNFRSF). It is mainly expressed on lymphoid cells (also on early hematopoietic precursor cells in mice) (1,2). CD27 is considered a phenotypic marker for memory B cells and is also used to identify B regulatory (Breg) cells (3,4). It is constitutively expressed on naïve CD4 and CD8 T cells and its expression is further upregulated upon T cell activation. CD27 is one of the two most important co-stimulatory receptors for T cell priming (the other one is CD28). While CD28 co-stimulatory signal mainly triggers cell proliferation, CD27 co-stimulatory signal primarily promotes cell survival and differentiation (5,6). Upon binding to its ligand CD70, CD27 activates the NF-κB and JNK signaling pathways through TNFR associated factors (TRAFs), the adaptor molecules that are associated with CD27 cytoplasmic tail domain. Upon activation, CD27 is shed from cell surface and soluble CD27 is used as a marker of T cell activation (7,8).
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