Western blot analysis of extracts from various cell lines using DDB-1 Antibody.
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Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA and 50% glycerol. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.
For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted primary antibody in 5% w/v BSA, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween® 20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.
NOTE: Please refer to primary antibody datasheet or product webpage for recommended antibody dilution.
From sample preparation to detection, the reagents you need for your Western Blot are now in one convenient kit: #12957 Western Blotting Application Solutions Kit
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
Load 20 µl onto SDS-PAGE gel (10 cm x 10 cm).
NOTE: Volumes are for 10 cm x 10 cm (100 cm2) of membrane; for different sized membranes, adjust volumes accordingly.
* Avoid repeated exposure to skin.
posted June 2005
revised November 2013
Reprobing of an existing membrane is a convenient means to immunoblot for multiple proteins independently when only a limited amount of sample is available. It should be noted that for the best possible results a fresh blot is always recommended. Reprobing can be a valuable method but with each reprobing of a blot there is potential for increased background signal. Additionally, it is recommended that you verify the removal of the first antibody complex prior to reprobing so that signal attributed to binding of the new antibody is not leftover signal from the first immunoblotting experiment. This can be done by re-exposing the blot to ECL reagents and making sure there is no signal prior to adding the next primary antibody.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalently purified water.
posted June 2005
revised October 2016
Protocol Id: 10
DDB-1 Antibody detects endogenous levels of total DDB-1 protein.Species Reactivity:
Human, Mouse, Rat, Monkey
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues near the carboxy terminus of human DDB-1 protein. Antibodies are purified by protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.
Damaged DNA-Binding Protein (DDB) consists of a 127 kDa subunit (DDB-1) and a 48 kDa subunit (DDB-2) that contribute to the formation of the UV-damaged DNA-binding protein complex (UV-DDB) (1-3). In conjunction with CUL4A and ROC-1, the UV-DDB complex forms an E3 ubiquitin ligase that recognizes a broad spectrum of DNA lesions such as cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers, 6-4 photoproducts, apurinic sites and short mismatches. The complex polyubiquitinates components of the nucleotide excision repair pathway (4-6). Loss of DDB activity has been identified in a subset of xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group E (XP-E) patients and has been linked to the deficient repair of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers in cells derived from these patients (7-10).
DDB-1 is a relatively abundant protein that is vital for normal cell function and is evolutionarily conserved in mammals, insects, worms and plants. Unlike DDB-2, lesions in DDB-1 have yet to be indentified in XP-E patients. In association with ROC-1 and CUL4A, DDB-1 functions to recruit substrate-specific targeting subunits, generally known as DCAFs or CDWs, to CUL4-RING E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes (11,12). Ubiquitination of histone H2A, histone H3 and histone H4 at sites of UV-induced DNA damage by the DDB1-DDB2-CUL4A-ROC1 E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex may facilitate their removal from the nucleosome in order to promote DNA repair (13-15). DDB-1, in association with other CUL4-based E3 ligase complexes, has also been found to be a regulator of mTOR signaling (16,17).
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