Western blot analysis of extracts from various cell types using DDX3 Antibody.
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Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA and 50% glycerol. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.
For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted primary antibody in 5% w/v BSA, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween® 20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.
NOTE: Please refer to primary antibody datasheet or product webpage for recommended antibody dilution.
From sample preparation to detection, the reagents you need for your Western Blot are now in one convenient kit: #12957 Western Blotting Application Solutions Kit
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
Load 20 µl onto SDS-PAGE gel (10 cm x 10 cm).
NOTE: Volumes are for 10 cm x 10 cm (100 cm2) of membrane; for different sized membranes, adjust volumes accordingly.
* Avoid repeated exposure to skin.
posted June 2005
revised November 2013
Reprobing of an existing membrane is a convenient means to immunoblot for multiple proteins independently when only a limited amount of sample is available. It should be noted that for the best possible results a fresh blot is always recommended. Reprobing can be a valuable method but with each reprobing of a blot there is potential for increased background signal. Additionally, it is recommended that you verify the removal of the first antibody complex prior to reprobing so that signal attributed to binding of the new antibody is not leftover signal from the first immunoblotting experiment. This can be done by re-exposing the blot to ECL reagents and making sure there is no signal prior to adding the next primary antibody.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalently purified water.
posted June 2005
revised October 2016
Protocol Id: 10
DDX3 Antibody detects endogenous levels of total DDX3 protein.Species Reactivity:
Human, Mouse, Rat, Hamster, Monkey
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to the amino-terminal sequence of human DDX3. Antibodies are purified using protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.
The DEAD box family of RNA helicases is characterized in part by a common D-E-A-D amino acid motif. The family is composed of a growing number of proteins found in a wide range of organisms from bacteria to mammals. DEAD helicases have distinct biological functions in RNA metabolism and ribonucleoprotein (RNP) processing (reviewed in 1,2).
DDX3 is a DEAD box family RNA helicase with diverse cellular functions. DDX3 is required for nuclear export of HIV-1 viral transcripts, possibly in a complex with the viral Rev protein and host cofactor CRM1 (3). DDX3 is required for hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA replication (4) and its expression is downregulated in hepatitis B virus (HBV) associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (5).
Recent evidence suggests that DDX3 functions as a tumor suppressor protein. Its expression inhibits tumor cell colony formation and increases expression of the cdk inhibitor p21 Waf1/Cip1. Low DDX3 expression has been shown in HCC (5,6), and aberrant subcellular localization occurs in many squamous cell carcinomas (6). Reduced DDX3 expression in cultured cells causes a diminished dependence on serum for cell proliferation and changes in cyclin D1 and p21 Waf1/Cip1 expression (5).
DDX3 is phosphorylated at Thr204 and Thr323 by the mitotic cyclin dependent kinase, cyclin B/cdc2. This phosphorylation is thought to cause a loss of DDX3 function and a concomitant repression of ribosome biogenesis and translation in mitosis (7).
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