Western blot analysis of extracts from Raw 264.7 and J774A.1 cell lines, untreated (-) or treated with LPS (1 μg/ml, 4 hr; +) using IκB-ζ Antibody (Mouse Specific) (upper) or β-Actin (D6A8) Rabbit mAb #8457 (lower).Learn more about how we get our images.
Western blot analysis of extracts from 293T cells, mock transfected (-) or transfected with a construct expressing full-length mouse IκB-ζ (mIκB-ζ; +) using IκB-ζ Antibody (Mouse Specific).Learn more about how we get our images.
For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted primary antibody in 5% w/v BSA, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween® 20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.
NOTE: Please refer to primary antibody datasheet or product webpage for recommended antibody dilution.
From sample preparation to detection, the reagents you need for your Western Blot are now in one convenient kit: #12957 Western Blotting Application Solutions Kit
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
Load 20 µl onto SDS-PAGE gel (10 cm x 10 cm).
NOTE: Volumes are for 10 cm x 10 cm (100 cm2) of membrane; for different sized membranes, adjust volumes accordingly.
* Avoid repeated exposure to skin.
posted June 2005
revised November 2013
Reprobing of an existing membrane is a convenient means to immunoblot for multiple proteins independently when only a limited amount of sample is available. It should be noted that for the best possible results a fresh blot is always recommended. Reprobing can be a valuable method but with each reprobing of a blot there is potential for increased background signal. Additionally, it is recommended that you verify the removal of the first antibody complex prior to reprobing so that signal attributed to binding of the new antibody is not leftover signal from the first immunoblotting experiment. This can be done by re-exposing the blot to ECL reagents and making sure there is no signal prior to adding the next primary antibody.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalently purified water.
posted June 2005
revised October 2016
Protocol Id: 10
Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA and 50% glycerol. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.
IκB-ζ Antibody (Mouse Specific) recognizes endogenous levels of total mouse IκB-ζ protein.
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Gly108 of mouse IκB-ζ protein. Antibodies are purified by protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.
The NF-κB/Rel transcription factors are present in the cytosol in an inactive state complexed with the inhibitory IκB proteins (1-3). Activation occurs via phosphorylation of IκBα at Ser32 and Ser36 followed by proteasome-mediated degradation that results in the release and nuclear translocation of active NF-κB (3-7). IκBα phosphorylation and resulting Rel-dependent transcription are activated by a highly diverse group of extracellular signals including inflammatory cytokines, growth factors, and chemokines. Kinases that phosphorylate IκB at these activating sites have been identified (8).
IκB-ζ (MAIL, INAP) is a unique IκB family member homologous to Bcl-3 and induced by IL-1 and Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands (9-11). Like other family members, it contains carboxyl terminal ankyrin-repeats responsible for interaction with NF-κB, particularly p50. Unlike classical IκB family members (α, β, ε) which inhibit NF-κB translocation and are rapidly degraded upon cytokine treatment, IκB-ζ is cytokine-inducible and localized to the nucleus where it regulates NF-κB DNA binding and transactivation (12-14). Induction of IκB-ζ is required for TLR/IL-1 induction of a subset of NF-κB target genes, including IL-6 (15). However, the IκB-ζ can also inhibit transactivation of other targets, such as TNF-α (14,15).
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|93726S||100 µl (10 western blots)||$ 255.0|