For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted primary antibody in 5% w/v BSA, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween® 20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.
NOTE: Please refer to primary antibody datasheet or product webpage for recommended antibody dilution.
From sample preparation to detection, the reagents you need for your Western Blot are now in one convenient kit: #12957 Western Blotting Application Solutions Kit
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
Load 20 µl onto SDS-PAGE gel (10 cm x 10 cm).
NOTE: Volumes are for 10 cm x 10 cm (100 cm2) of membrane; for different sized membranes, adjust volumes accordingly.
* Avoid repeated exposure to skin.
posted June 2005
revised November 2013
Reprobing of an existing membrane is a convenient means to immunoblot for multiple proteins independently when only a limited amount of sample is available. It should be noted that for the best possible results a fresh blot is always recommended. Reprobing can be a valuable method but with each reprobing of a blot there is potential for increased background signal. Additionally, it is recommended that you verify the removal of the first antibody complex prior to reprobing so that signal attributed to binding of the new antibody is not leftover signal from the first immunoblotting experiment. This can be done by re-exposing the blot to ECL reagents and making sure there is no signal prior to adding the next primary antibody.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalently purified water.
posted June 2005
revised October 2016
Protocol Id: 10
Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA and 50% glycerol. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.
nSMAase Antibody detects endogenous levels of total nSMase1 protein.
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Ala200 of human nSMase1.
Sphingomyelinases (SMases) catalyze the hydrolysis of sphingomyelin to produce ceramide and phosphocholine (1). Ceramide is an important bioactive lipid triggering signal transduction involved in cell proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation (1,2). A number of SMases have been described and categorized based on their optimum pH activity, cation dependence, tissue distribution, and subcellular localization (1). These include a lysosomal acid SMase, a Zn++-dependent secreted acid SMase, a membrane-bound Mg++-dependent neutral SMase, a Mg++-independent neutral SMase, and an alkaline SMase.
nSMase1 (also termed SMPD2) is a Mg++-dependent neutral SMase that is widely expressed and predominantly localized to the endoplasmic reticulum (3,4). This protein has also been shown to have lyso-platelet activating factor (PAF) phospholipase C activity (5). A second neutral SMase, nSMase2 (also termed SMPD3) is predominantly expressed in the brain (6). The activity of neutral SMases is regulated by oxidative stress, chemotherapeutic drugs, inflammatory cytokines, and apoptotic stimuli (1). Analysis of single and double knockouts of the SMPD2 and SMPD3 has revealed that loss of both genes leads to complete loss of neutral SMase activity with developmental defects observed with loss of nSMase2 (7,8).
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
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