|H M R Hm Mk||Endogenous||82||Rabbit IgG|
For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted primary antibody in 5% w/v BSA, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween® 20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.
NOTE: Please refer to primary antibody datasheet or product webpage for recommended antibody dilution.
From sample preparation to detection, the reagents you need for your Western Blot are now in one convenient kit: #12957 Western Blotting Application Solutions Kit
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
Load 20 µl onto SDS-PAGE gel (10 cm x 10 cm).
NOTE: Volumes are for 10 cm x 10 cm (100 cm2) of membrane; for different sized membranes, adjust volumes accordingly.
* Avoid repeated exposure to skin.
posted June 2005
revised November 2013
Reprobing of an existing membrane is a convenient means to immunoblot for multiple proteins independently when only a limited amount of sample is available. It should be noted that for the best possible results a fresh blot is always recommended. Reprobing can be a valuable method but with each reprobing of a blot there is potential for increased background signal. Additionally, it is recommended that you verify the removal of the first antibody complex prior to reprobing so that signal attributed to binding of the new antibody is not leftover signal from the first immunoblotting experiment. This can be done by re-exposing the blot to ECL reagents and making sure there is no signal prior to adding the next primary antibody.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalently purified water.
posted June 2005
revised October 2016
Protocol Id: 10
Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA, 50% glycerol and less than 0.02% sodium azide. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.
PANK4 (D6J4R) Rabbit mAb recognizes endogenous levels of total PANK4 protein.
Human, Mouse, Rat, Hamster, Monkey
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Pro522 of human PANK4 protein.
Panthothenate kinase (PANK) is an enzyme that is responsible for catalyzing the first step in coenzyme A (CoA) synthesis (1-4). There are four human PANK genes (PANK1-4) (1-4). PANK4 is ubiquitously expressed, but higher expression levels are observed in muscle (1,2). PANK4 expression is elevated in rat skeletal muscle under high glucose conditions (2). There is evidence that rat PANK4 colocalizes with pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) in vitro (2). PANK4 may also play a protective role in beta-cell apoptosis by lowering the levels of pro-caspase-9 (3). Research studies have shown that mutations in the PANK2 gene are associated with Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation (NBIA), formerly known as Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome (1,4). Expression of hPANK4 in a Drosophila model of NBIA rescues the phenotype with the exception of infertility (4).
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
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|12665S||100 µl (10 western blots)||$255.00.0|