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36786
PhosphoPlus® RIP (Ser166) Antibody Duet

PhosphoPlus® RIP (Ser166) Antibody Duet #36786

Western Blotting Image 1

Western blot analysis of extracts from various cell lines using RIP (D94C12) XP® Rabbit mAb.

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Western Blotting Image 2

Western blot analysis of HT-29 cells, untreated (-) or treated with combinations of the following treatments as indicated: Z-VAD (20 μM, added 30 min prior to other compounds; +), human TNF-α (hTNF-α, 20 ng/ml, 7 hr; +), SM-164 (100 nM, 7 hr; +), and necrostatin-1 (Nec-1, 50 μM, 7 hr; +), using Phospho-RIP (Ser166) (D1L3S) Rabbit mAb (upper) or β-Actin (D6A8) Rabbit mAb #8457 (lower).

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Western Blotting Image 3

Western blot analysis of extracts from HeLa cells, untransfected or transfected with human RIP construct, using RIP (D94C12) XP® Rabbit mAb.

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Flow Cytometry Image 4

Flow cytometric analysis of MCF7 cells using RIP (D94C12) XP® Rabbit mAb (blue) compared to Rabbit (DA1E) mAb IgG XP® Isotype Control #3900 (red).

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IF-IC Image 5

Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of OVCAR8 cells using RIP (D94C12) XP® Rabbit mAb (green). Blue pseudocolor = DRAQ5® #4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).

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Product Includes Quantity Applications Reactivity MW(kDa) Isotype
RIP (D94C12) XP® Rabbit mAb 3493 100 µl
  • WB
  • IP
  • IF
  • F
H M R Hm Mk 78 Rabbit IgG
Phospho-RIP (Ser166) (D1L3S) Rabbit mAb 65746 100 µl
  • WB
H 78-82 Rabbit IgG

PhosphoPlus® Duets from Cell Signaling Technology (CST) provide a means to assess protein activation status. Each Duet contains an activation-state and total protein antibody to your target of interest. These antibodies have been selected from CST's product offering based upon superior performance in specified applications.

The receptor-interacting protein (RIP) family of serine-threonine kinases (RIP, RIP2, RIP3, and RIP4) are important regulators of cellular stress that trigger pro-survival and inflammatory responses through the activation of NF-κB, as well as pro-apoptotic pathways (1). In addition to the kinase domain, RIP contains a death domain responsible for interaction with the death domain receptor Fas and recruitment to TNF-R1 through interaction with TRADD (2,3). RIP-deficient cells show a failure in TNF-mediated NF-κB activation, making the cells more sensitive to apoptosis (4,5). RIP also interacts with TNF-receptor-associated factors (TRAFs) and can recruit IKKs to the TNF-R1 signaling complex via interaction with NEMO, leading to IκB phosphorylation and degradation (6,7). Overexpression of RIP induces both NF-κB activation and apoptosis (2,3). Caspase-8-dependent cleavage of the RIP death domain can trigger the apoptotic activity of RIP (8).

Necroptosis, a regulated pathway for necrotic cell death, is triggered by a number of inflammatory signals including cytokines in the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family, pathogen sensors such as toll-like receptors (TLRs), and ischemic injury (9,10). The process is negatively regulated by caspases and is initiated through a complex containing the RIP and RIP3 kinases, typically referred to as the necrosome. Necroptosis is inhibited by a small molecule inhibitor of RIP, necrostatin-1 (Nec-1) (11). Research studies show that necroptosis contributes to a number of pathological conditions, and Nec-1 has been shown to provide neuroprotection in models such as ischemic brain injury (12). RIP is phosphorylated at several sites within the kinase domain that are sensitive to Nec-1, including Ser14, Ser15, Ser161, and Ser166 (13).

  1. Meylan, E. and Tschopp, J. (2005) Trends Biochem Sci 30, 151-9.
  2. Hsu, H. et al. (1996) Immunity 4, 387-96.
  3. Stanger, B.Z. et al. (1995) Cell 81, 513-23.
  4. Ting, A.T. et al. (1996) EMBO J 15, 6189-96.
  5. Kelliher, M.A. et al. (1998) Immunity 8, 297-303.
  6. Devin, A. et al. (2000) Immunity 12, 419-29.
  7. Zhang, S.Q. et al. (2000) Immunity 12, 301-11.
  8. Lin, Y. et al. (1999) Genes Dev 13, 2514-26.
  9. Christofferson, D.E. and Yuan, J. (2010) Curr Opin Cell Biol 22, 263-8.
  10. Kaczmarek, A. et al. (2013) Immunity 38, 209-23.
  11. Degterev, A. et al. (2008) Nat Chem Biol 4, 313-21.
  12. Degterev, A. et al. (2005) Nat Chem Biol 1, 112-9.
  13. Ofengeim, D. and Yuan, J. (2013) Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 14, 727-36.
Entrez-Gene Id
8737
Swiss-Prot Acc.
Q13546
For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.

Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
PhosphoPlus is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
XP is a registered trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.

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