|Immunofluorescence (Frozen)||1:200 - 1:400|
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
Recommended Fluorochrome-conjugated Anti-Rabbit secondary antibodies:
NOTE: When using any primary or fluorochrome-conjugated secondary antibody for the first time, titrate the antibody to determine which dilution allows for the strongest specific signal with the least background for your sample.
Cover sections with 4% formaldehyde dilute in 1X PBS.
NOTE: Formaldehyde is toxic, use only in fume hood.
NOTE: All subsequent incubations should be carried out at room temperature unless otherwise noted in a humid light-tight box or covered dish/plate to prevent drying and fluorochrome fading.
posted November 2006
revised July 2016
Protocol Id: 151
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues near the amino terminus of human TMEM119 protein.
Transmembrane protein 119 (TMEM119) is a cell-surface protein of unknown function, expressed exclusively by the microglia subset of myeloid and neural cells (1). Iba1+ microglia with both ramified and amoeboid morphologies express TMEM119, while Iba1+ macrophages are TMEM119 negative (2). TMEM119 and other homeostatic genes have been shown to be downregulated in disease-associated microglia (DAM). These DAM microglia are conserved in human and mouse and have been identified in Alzheimer’s disease (AD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and 5XFAD and APP/PS1 mouse models (3,4). This protein’s specificity as a microglia marker has proven itself important for labeling microglia in healthy tissue as well as deciphering them from infiltrating macrophages and other cells types in neurodegenerative disease models (1,2).
UniProt ID: Q4V9L6
Entrez-Gene Id: 338773
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