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6961
Toll-like Receptor 3 (D10F10) Rabbit mAb
Primary Antibodies
Monoclonal Antibody

Toll-like Receptor 3 (D10F10) Rabbit mAb #6961

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Citations (17)
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  1. WB
Western Blotting Image 1 - Toll-like Receptor 3 (D10F10) Rabbit mAb

Western blot analysis of extracts from MCF 10A cells, transfected with 100 nM SignalSilence® Control siRNA (Unconjugated) #6568 (-) or SignalSilence® Toll-like Receptor 3 siRNA I #6236 (+), using Toll-like Receptor 3 (D10F10) Rabbit mAb #6961 (upper) or α-Tubulin (11H10) Rabbit mAb #2125 (lower). The Toll-like Receptor 3 (D10F10) Rabbit mAb confirms silencing of Toll-like Receptor 3 expression, while the α-Tubulin (11H10) Rabbit mAb is used as a loading control.

Western Blotting Image 2 - Toll-like Receptor 3 (D10F10) Rabbit mAb

Western blot analysis of extracts from 293T cells, mock transfected (-) or transfected with human TLR3 (+), using Toll-like Receptor 3 (D10F10) Rabbit mAb.

Western Blotting Image 3 - Toll-like Receptor 3 (D10F10) Rabbit mAb

Western blot analysis of extracts from HT-29 cells, untreated or following transfection with pIpC (100 μg/ml; overnight), using Toll-like Receptor 3 (D10F10) Rabbit mAb.

To Purchase # 6961S
Product # Size Price
6961S
100 µl $ 268

Supporting Data

REACTIVITY H
SENSITIVITY Endogenous
MW (kDa) 115-130
Source/Isotype Rabbit IgG

Application Key:

  • W-Western
  • IP-Immunoprecipitation
  • IHC-Immunohistochemistry
  • ChIP-Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • IF-Immunofluorescence
  • F-Flow Cytometry
  • E-P-ELISA-Peptide

Species Cross-Reactivity Key:

  • H-Human
  • M-Mouse
  • R-Rat
  • Hm-Hamster
  • Mk-Monkey
  • Mi-Mink
  • C-Chicken
  • Dm-D. melanogaster
  • X-Xenopus
  • Z-Zebrafish
  • B-Bovine
  • Dg-Dog
  • Pg-Pig
  • Sc-S. cerevisiae
  • Ce-C. elegans
  • Hr-Horse
  • All-All Species Expected

Product Usage Information

Application Dilution
Western Blotting 1:1000

Storage

Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA, 50% glycerol and less than 0.02% sodium azide. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.

Protocol

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Western Blotting Protocol

For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted primary antibody in 5% w/v BSA, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween® 20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.

NOTE: Please refer to primary antibody product webpage for recommended antibody dilution.

A. Solutions and Reagents

From sample preparation to detection, the reagents you need for your Western Blot are now in one convenient kit: #12957 Western Blotting Application Solutions Kit

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.

  1. 20X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): (#9808) To prepare 1 L 1X PBS: add 50 ml 20X PBS to 950 ml dH2O, mix.
  2. 10X Tris Buffered Saline (TBS): (#12498) To prepare 1 L 1X TBS: add 100 ml 10X to 900 ml dH2O, mix.
  3. 1X SDS Sample Buffer: Blue Loading Pack (#7722) or Red Loading Pack (#7723) Prepare fresh 3X reducing loading buffer by adding 1/10 volume 30X DTT to 1 volume of 3X SDS loading buffer. Dilute to 1X with dH2O.
  4. 10X Tris-Glycine SDS Running Buffer: (#4050) To prepare 1 L 1X running buffer: add 100 ml 10X running buffer to 900 ml dH2O, mix.
  5. 10X Tris-Glycine Transfer Buffer: (#12539) To prepare 1 L 1X Transfer Buffer: add 100 ml 10X Transfer Buffer to 200 ml methanol + 700 ml dH2O, mix.
  6. 10X Tris Buffered Saline with Tween® 20 (TBST): (#9997) To prepare 1 L 1X TBST: add 100 ml 10X TBST to 900 ml dH2O, mix.
  7. Nonfat Dry Milk: (#9999).
  8. Blocking Buffer: 1X TBST with 5% w/v nonfat dry milk; for 150 ml, add 7.5 g nonfat dry milk to 150 ml 1X TBST and mix well.
  9. Wash Buffer: (#9997) 1X TBST.
  10. Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA): (#9998).
  11. Primary Antibody Dilution Buffer: 1X TBST with 5% BSA; for 20 ml, add 1.0 g BSA to 20 ml 1X TBST and mix well.
  12. Biotinylated Protein Ladder Detection Pack: (#7727).
  13. Prestained Protein Marker, Broad Range (11-190 kDa): (#13953).
  14. Blotting Membrane and Paper: (#12369) This protocol has been optimized for nitrocellulose membranes. Pore size 0.2 µm is generally recommended.
  15. Secondary Antibody Conjugated to HRP: Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody (#7074).
  16. Detection Reagent: SignalFire™ ECL Reagent (#6883).

B. Protein Blotting

A general protocol for sample preparation.

  1. Treat cells by adding fresh media containing regulator for desired time.
  2. Aspirate media from cultures; wash cells with 1X PBS; aspirate.
  3. Lyse cells by adding 1X SDS sample buffer (100 µl per well of 6-well plate or 500 µl for a 10 cm diameter plate). Immediately scrape the cells off the plate and transfer the extract to a microcentrifuge tube. Keep on ice.
  4. Sonicate for 10–15 sec to complete cell lysis and shear DNA (to reduce sample viscosity).
  5. Heat a 20 µl sample to 95–100°C for 5 min; cool on ice.
  6. Microcentrifuge for 5 min.
  7. Load 20 µl onto SDS-PAGE gel (10 cm x 10 cm).

    NOTE: Loading of prestained molecular weight markers (#13953, 5 µl/lane) to verify electrotransfer and biotinylated protein ladder (#7727, 10 µl/lane) to determine molecular weights are recommended.

  8. Electrotransfer to nitrocellulose membrane (#12369).

C. Membrane Blocking and Antibody Incubations

NOTE: Volumes are for 10 cm x 10 cm (100 cm2) of membrane; for different sized membranes, adjust volumes accordingly.

I. Membrane Blocking

  1. (Optional) After transfer, wash nitrocellulose membrane with 25 ml TBS for 5 min at room temperature.
  2. Incubate membrane in 25 ml of blocking buffer for 1 hr at room temperature.
  3. Wash three times for 5 min each with 15 ml of TBST.

II. Primary Antibody Incubation

  1. Incubate membrane and primary antibody (at the appropriate dilution and diluent as recommended in the product webpage) in 10 ml primary antibody dilution buffer with gentle agitation overnight at 4°C.
  2. Wash three times for 5 min each with 15 ml of TBST.
  3. Incubate membrane with Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody (#7074 at 1:2000) and anti-biotin, HRP-linked Antibody (#7075 at 1:1000–1:3000) to detect biotinylated protein markers in 10 ml of blocking buffer with gentle agitation for 1 hr at room temperature.
  4. Wash three times for 5 min each with 15 ml of TBST.
  5. Proceed with detection (Section D).

D. Detection of Proteins

Directions for Use:

  1. Wash membrane-bound HRP (antibody conjugate) three times for 5 minutes in TBST.
  2. Prepare 1X SignalFire™ ECL Reagent (#6883) by diluting one part 2X Reagent A and one part 2X Reagent B (e.g. for 10 ml, add 5 ml Reagent A and 5 ml Reagent B). Mix well.
  3. Incubate substrate with membrane for 1 minute, remove excess solution (membrane remains wet), wrap in plastic and expose to X-ray film.

* Avoid repeated exposure to skin.

posted June 2005

revised June 2020

Protocol Id: 10

Specificity / Sensitivity

Toll-like Receptor 3 (D10F10) Rabbit mAb recognizes endogenous levels of total TLR3 protein. A band is detected at 75 kDa in some cell lines/tissues which is of unknown origin.

Species Reactivity:

Human

Species predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology:

Monkey

Source / Purification

Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Val495 of human TLR3 protein.

Background

Members of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family, named for the closely related Toll receptor in Drosophila, play a pivotal role in innate immune responses (1-4). TLRs recognize conserved motifs found in various pathogens and mediate defense responses (5-7). Triggering of the TLR pathway leads to the activation of NF-κB and subsequent regulation of immune and inflammatory genes (4). The TLRs and members of the IL-1 receptor family share a conserved stretch of approximately 200 amino acids known as the Toll/Interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domain (1). Upon activation, TLRs associate with a number of cytoplasmic adaptor proteins containing TIR domains, including myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), MyD88-adaptor-like/TIR-associated protein (MAL/TIRAP), Toll-receptor-associated activator of interferon (TRIF), and Toll-receptor-associated molecule (TRAM) (8-10). This association leads to the recruitment and activation of IRAK1 and IRAK4, which form a complex with TRAF6 to activate TAK1 and IKK (8,11-14). Activation of IKK leads to the degradation of IκB, which normally maintains NF-κB in an inactive state by sequestering it in the cytoplasm.

TLR3 functions as a receptor for double-stranded (ds)RNA typically associated with viral infection (4). It was originally shown to be specifically expressed in dendritic cells of the leukocyte family (5). TLR3 has also been found in placenta and lung, and can be induced by LPS in a variety of tissues (4,6). TLR3 is predominantly localized to early endosomes (7,8). Binding of dsRNA, or the analog polyinosine-polycytidylic acid (pIpC), to TLR3 triggers activation of transcription factors NF-κB and IRF3 through the adaptor protein TICAM-1/TRIF (9,10). TRIF associates with members of the TRAF family and with RIP that combine to activate NF-κB and IRF3 (11-13).

  1. Akira, S. (2003) J Biol Chem 278, 38105-8.
  2. Beutler, B. (2004) Nature 430, 257-63.
  3. Dunne, A. and O'Neill, L.A. (2003) Sci STKE 2003, re3.
  4. Medzhitov, R. et al. (1997) Nature 388, 394-7.
  5. Schwandner, R. et al. (1999) J Biol Chem 274, 17406-9.
  6. Takeuchi, O. et al. (1999) Immunity 11, 443-51.
  7. Alexopoulou, L. et al. (2001) Nature 413, 732-8.
  8. Zhang, F.X. et al. (1999) J Biol Chem 274, 7611-4.
  9. Horng, T. et al. (2001) Nat Immunol 2, 835-41.
  10. Oshiumi, H. et al. (2003) Nat Immunol 4, 161-7.
  11. Muzio, M. et al. (1997) Science 278, 1612-5.
  12. Wesche, H. et al. (1997) Immunity 7, 837-47.
  13. Suzuki, N. et al. (2002) Nature 416, 750-6.
  14. Irie, T. et al. (2000) FEBS Lett 467, 160-4.
  15. Alexopoulou, L. et al. (2001) Nature 413, 732-8.
  16. Muzio, M. et al. (2000) J Immunol 164, 5998-6004.
  17. Nishimura, M. and Naito, S. (2005) Biol Pharm Bull 28, 886-92.
  18. Matsumoto, M. et al. (2003) J Immunol 171, 3154-62.
  19. Funami, K. et al. (2007) J Immunol 179, 6867-72.
  20. Hoebe, K. et al. (2003) Nat Immunol 4, 1223-9.
  21. Oshiumi, H. et al. (2003) Nat Immunol 4, 161-7.
  22. Sasai, M. et al. (2010) Mol Immunol 47, 1283-91.
  23. Meylan, E. et al. (2004) Nat Immunol 5, 503-7.
  24. Jiang, Z. et al. (2004) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101, 3533-8.

Pathways & Proteins

Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.

For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
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