Western blot analysis of extracts from various cell lines using UBE3A (D10D3) Rabbit mAb.
Western blot analysis of extracts from 293T cells, either mock transfected (-) or transfected with a cDNA expression construct encoding transcript variant 3 of human UBE3A (hUBE3A, +), using UBE3A (D10D3) Rabbit mAb.
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Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA, 50% glycerol and less than 0.02% sodium azide. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.
For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted primary antibody in 5% w/v BSA, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween® 20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.
NOTE: Please refer to primary antibody datasheet or product webpage for recommended antibody dilution.
From sample preparation to detection, the reagents you need for your Western Blot are now in one convenient kit: #12957 Western Blotting Application Solutions Kit
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
Load 20 µl onto SDS-PAGE gel (10 cm x 10 cm).
NOTE: Volumes are for 10 cm x 10 cm (100 cm2) of membrane; for different sized membranes, adjust volumes accordingly.
* Avoid repeated exposure to skin.
posted June 2005
revised November 2013
Reprobing of an existing membrane is a convenient means to immunoblot for multiple proteins independently when only a limited amount of sample is available. It should be noted that for the best possible results a fresh blot is always recommended. Reprobing can be a valuable method but with each reprobing of a blot there is potential for increased background signal. Additionally, it is recommended that you verify the removal of the first antibody complex prior to reprobing so that signal attributed to binding of the new antibody is not leftover signal from the first immunoblotting experiment. This can be done by re-exposing the blot to ECL reagents and making sure there is no signal prior to adding the next primary antibody.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalently purified water.
posted June 2005
revised October 2016
Protocol Id: 10
UBE3A (D10D3) Rabbit mAb recognizes endogenous levels of total UBE3A protein. Based upon sequence alignment, this antibody is predicted to cross-react with all UBE3A splice variants.Species Reactivity:
Human, Mouse, Rat, MonkeySpecies predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology:
Bovine, Dog, Horse
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues near the carboxy terminus of human UBE3A protein.
UBE3A, also commonly referred to as E6AP (E6 Associated Protein), is an E3 ubiquitin protein ligase and founding member of the HECT (Homologous to the E6 Carboxyl Terminus) family of E3 ligases (1). UBE3A has been shown to be hijacked by the oncogenic E6 protein of high-risk human papillomaviruses (HPV16 and HPV18) that causes the ubiquitination activity of UBE3A to be inappropriately directed toward several specific cellular proteins, the most notable of which, with respect to carcinogenesis, is p53 (2). Although the DNA-repair enzyme, HHR23A (human homolog A of Rad23), was the first described E6-independent substrate of UBE3A, very few E6-independent targets of UBE3A have been identified. This continues to be an active area of research, particularly because mutations or disruption in expression of UBE3A in the brain are the cause of Angelman syndrome (AS), a severe form of mental retardation (3-6). Although UBE3A is expressed in most human tissues from both parental alleles, it is expressed from the maternal allele in subregions of the brain, with the paternal allele being epigenetically silenced. AS is caused by disruptions in expression of the materal UBE3A allele, generally by large chromosomal deletion, but also by point mutations within the UBE3A coding sequence. This strongly suggests that lack of ubiquitination of one or more UBE3A substrates in neuronal tissue is responsible for the AS phenotype (7). Indeed, a recent study identified several new neuronal substrates of UBE3A including Arc and Ephexin-5 (8). The immediate early gene Arc (activity-regulated cytoskeleton-associated protein) is rapidly upregulated after robust neuronal stimulation and promotes internalization of AMPA-type glutamate receptors (AMPARs), resulting in reduction in synaptic strength. UBE3A ubiquitinates Arc and promotes its degradation by the 26S proteasome, thus preventing AMPAR internalization (8). Disruption in neuronal UBE3A function leads to an increase in Arc expression and a decrease in AMPARs at excitatory synapses, which may contribute to the neurological symptoms of AS.
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