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46173
Vimentin (D21H3) XP® Rabbit mAb (BSA and Azide Free)
Primary Antibodies
Monoclonal Antibody

Vimentin (D21H3) XP® Rabbit mAb (BSA and Azide Free) #46173

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  1. WB
  2. IHC
  3. IF
Western Blotting Image 1: Vimentin (D21H3) XP® Rabbit mAb (BSA and Azide Free)
Western blot analysis of extracts from control HeLa cells (lane 1) or Vimentin knockout HeLa cells (lane 2) using Vimentin (D21H3) XP® Rabbit mAb #5741 (upper) or β-Actin (13E5) Rabbit mAb #4970 (lower). The absence of signal in the Vimentin knockout HeLa cells confirms specificity of the antibody for Vimentin. Data were generated using the standard formulation of this product.
Western Blotting Image 2: Vimentin (D21H3) XP® Rabbit mAb (BSA and Azide Free)
Western blot analysis of extracts from various cell lines using Vimentin (D21H3) XP® Rabbit mAb. Data were generated using the standard formulation of this product.
Immunohistochemistry Image 1: Vimentin (D21H3) XP® Rabbit mAb (BSA and Azide Free)
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human breast carcinoma using Vimentin (D21H3) XP® Rabbit mAb. Data were generated using the standard formulation of this product.
Immunohistochemistry Image 2: Vimentin (D21H3) XP® Rabbit mAb (BSA and Azide Free)
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded mouse colon using Vimentin (D21H3) XP® Rabbit mAb. Data were generated using the standard formulation of this product.
Immunohistochemistry Image 3: Vimentin (D21H3) XP® Rabbit mAb (BSA and Azide Free)
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human tonsil using Vimentin (D21H3) XP® Rabbit mAb in the presence of control peptide (left) or antigen-specific peptide (right). Data were generated using the standard formulation of this product.
Immunofluorescence Image 1: Vimentin (D21H3) XP® Rabbit mAb (BSA and Azide Free)
Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of SNB19 cells using Vimentin (D21H3) Rabbit mAb (green) and DRAQ5® #4084 (blue). Data were generated using the standard formulation of this product.
To Purchase # 46173
Cat. # Size Qty. Price
46173SF
100 µg $ 746

Supporting Data

REACTIVITY H M R Mk
SENSITIVITY Endogenous
MW (kDa) 57
Source/Isotype Rabbit IgG

Application Key:

  • WB-Western Blot
  • IP-Immunoprecipitation
  • IHC-Immunohistochemistry
  • ChIP-Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • IF-Immunofluorescence
  • F-Flow Cytometry
  • E-P-ELISA-Peptide

Species Cross-Reactivity Key:

  • H-Human
  • M-Mouse
  • R-Rat
  • Hm-Hamster
  • Mk-Monkey
  • Vir-Virus
  • Mi-Mink
  • C-Chicken
  • Dm-D. melanogaster
  • X-Xenopus
  • Z-Zebrafish
  • B-Bovine
  • Dg-Dog
  • Pg-Pig
  • Sc-S. cerevisiae
  • Ce-C. elegans
  • Hr-Horse
  • All-All Species Expected

Product Usage Information

This product is the carrier free version of product #5741. All data were generated using the same antibody clone in the standard formulation which contains BSA and glycerol.

This formulation is ideal for use with technologies requiring specialized or custom antibody labeling, including fluorophores, metals, lanthanides, and oligonucleotides. Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Formulation

Supplied in 1X PBS, BSA and Azide Free. For standard formulation of this product see product #5741

Storage

Store at -20°C. This product will freeze at -20°C so it is recommended to aliquot into single-use vials to avoid multiple freeze/thaw cycles. A slight precipitate may be present and can be dissolved by gently vortexing. This will not interfere with antibody performance.

Specificity / Sensitivity

Vimentin (D21H3) XP® Rabbit mAb (BSA and Azide Free) detects endogenous levels of total vimentin protein.

Species Reactivity:

Human, Mouse, Rat, Monkey

Source / Purification

Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Arg45 of human vimentin protein.

Background

The cytoskeleton consists of three types of cytosolic fibers: microfilaments (actin filaments), intermediate filaments, and microtubules. Major types of intermediate filaments are distinguished by their cell-specific expression: cytokeratins (epithelial cells), glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) (glial cells), desmin (skeletal, visceral, and certain vascular smooth muscle cells), vimentin (mesenchyme origin), and neurofilaments (neurons). GFAP and vimentin form intermediate filaments in astroglial cells and modulate their motility and shape (1). In particular, vimentin filaments are present at early developmental stages, while GFAP filaments are characteristic of differentiated and mature brain astrocytes. Thus, GFAP is commonly used as a marker for intracranial and intraspinal tumors arising from astrocytes (2). Research studies have shown that vimentin is present in sarcomas, but not carcinomas, and its expression is examined in conjunction with that of other markers to distinguish between the two (3). Vimentin's dynamic structural changes and spatial re-organization in response to extracellular stimuli help to coordinate various signaling pathways (4). Phosphorylation of vimentin at Ser56 in smooth muscle cells regulates the structural arrangement of vimentin filaments in response to serotonin (5,6). Remodeling of vimentin and other intermediate filaments is important during lymphocyte adhesion and migration through the endothelium (7).During mitosis, CDK1 phosphorylates vimentin at Ser56. This phosphorylation provides a PLK binding site for vimentin-PLK interaction. PLK further phosphorylates vimentin at Ser83, which might serve as memory phosphorylation site and play a regulatory role in vimentin filament disassembly (8,9). Additionally, studies using various soft-tissue sarcoma cells have shown that phosphorylation of vimentin at Ser39 by Akt1 enhances cell migration and survival, suggesting that vimentin could be a potential target for soft-tissue sarcoma targeted therapy (10,11).
  1. Eng, L.F. et al. (2000) Neurochem Res 25, 1439-51.
  2. Goebel, H.H. et al. (1987) Acta Histochem Suppl 34, 81-93.
  3. Leader, M. et al. (1987) Histopathology 11, 63-72.
  4. Helfand, B.T. et al. (2004) J Cell Sci 117, 133-41.
  5. Tang, D.D. et al. (2005) Biochem J 388, 773-83.
  6. Fomina, I.G. et al. (1990) Klin Med (Mosk) 68, 125-7.
  7. Nieminen, M. et al. (2006) Nat Cell Biol 8, 156-62.
  8. Yamaguchi, T. et al. (2005) J Cell Biol 171, 431-6.
  9. Oguri, T. et al. (2006) Genes Cells 11, 531-40.
  10. Zhu, Q.S. et al. (2011) Oncogene 30, 457-70.
  11. Xue, G. and Hemmings, B.A. (2013) J Natl Cancer Inst 105, 393-404.

Pathways & Proteins

Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.

Limited Uses

Except as otherwise expressly agreed in a writing signed by a legally authorized representative of CST, the following terms apply to Products provided by CST, its affiliates or its distributors. Any Customer's terms and conditions that are in addition to, or different from, those contained herein, unless separately accepted in writing by a legally authorized representative of CST, are rejected and are of no force or effect.

Products are labeled with For Research Use Only or a similar labeling statement and have not been approved, cleared, or licensed by the FDA or other regulatory foreign or domestic entity, for any purpose. Customer shall not use any Product for any diagnostic or therapeutic purpose, or otherwise in any manner that conflicts with its labeling statement. Products sold or licensed by CST are provided for Customer as the end-user and solely for research and development uses. Any use of Product for diagnostic, prophylactic or therapeutic purposes, or any purchase of Product for resale (alone or as a component) or other commercial purpose, requires a separate license from CST. Customer shall (a) not sell, license, loan, donate or otherwise transfer or make available any Product to any third party, whether alone or in combination with other materials, or use the Products to manufacture any commercial products, (b) not copy, modify, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or otherwise attempt to discover the underlying structure or technology of the Products, or use the Products for the purpose of developing any products or services that would compete with CST's products or services, (c) not alter or remove from the Products any trademarks, trade names, logos, patent or copyright notices or markings, (d) use the Products solely in accordance with CST's Product Terms of Sale and any applicable documentation, and (e) comply with any license, terms of service or similar agreement with respect to any third party products or services used by Customer in connection with the Products.

For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
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