|3510||Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) (D13.14.4E) XP® Rabbit mAb (Sepharose® Bead Conjugate)||
||H M R Hm Mk Mi Dm Z B Dg Pg Sc||XP|
|REACTIVITY||H M R Hm Mk Mi Z B Pg|
|MW (kDa)||42, 44|
Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA, 50% glycerol. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibodies.
Immobilized Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) Mouse mAb binds only p44/42 MAP kinase activated by phosphorylation at Thr202/Tyr204. It is useful for immunoprecipitation kinase assays. The antibody does not significantly cross-react with SAPK/JNK or p38 MAP kinase phosphorylated at the corresponding residue or with nonphosphorylated MAPK.
Human, Mouse, Rat, Hamster, Monkey, Mink, Zebrafish, Bovine, Pig
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic phosphopeptide corresponding to residues around Thr202/Tyr204 of human p44 MAPK. Antibodies are immobilized by conjugation of carbohydrates to cross-linked agarose hydrazide beads.
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are a widely conserved family of serine/threonine protein kinases involved in many cellular programs, such as cell proliferation, differentiation, motility, and death. The p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) signaling pathway can be activated in response to a diverse range of extracellular stimuli including mitogens, growth factors, and cytokines (1-3), and research investigators consider it an important target in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer (4). Upon stimulation, a sequential three-part protein kinase cascade is initiated, consisting of a MAP kinase kinase kinase (MAPKKK or MAP3K), a MAP kinase kinase (MAPKK or MAP2K), and a MAP kinase (MAPK). Multiple p44/42 MAP3Ks have been identified, including members of the Raf family, as well as Mos and Tpl2/COT. MEK1 and MEK2 are the primary MAPKKs in this pathway (5,6). MEK1 and MEK2 activate p44 and p42 through phosphorylation of activation loop residues Thr202/Tyr204 and Thr185/Tyr187, respectively. Several downstream targets of p44/42 have been identified, including p90RSK (7) and the transcription factor Elk-1 (8,9). p44/42 are negatively regulated by a family of dual-specificity (Thr/Tyr) MAPK phosphatases, known as DUSPs or MKPs (10), along with MEK inhibitors, such as U0126 and PD98059.
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