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ELISA Kit Adaptive Immune Response

Also showing ELISA Kit ELISA Adaptive Immune Response

$489
96 assays
1 Kit
CST's PathScan® Total Zap-70 Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of total Zap-70 protein. A Zap-70 Mouse mAb has been coated onto the microwells. After incubation with cell lysates, both phospho- and nonphospho-Zap-70 proteins are captured by the coated antibody. Following extensive washing, Zap-70 Antibody is added to detect the captured phospho- and nonphospho-Zap-70 protein. Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked antibody is then used to recognize the bound detection antibody. HRP substrate, TMB, is added to develop color. The magnitude of optical density for this developed color is proportional to the quantity of total Zap-70 protein.Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit.
REACTIVITY
Human

Background: The Syk family protein tyrosine kinase Zap-70 is expressed in T and NK cells and plays a critical role in mediating T cell activation in response to T cell receptor (TCR) engagement (1). Following TCR engagement, Zap-70 is rapidly phosphorylated on several tyrosine residues through autophosphorylation and transphosphorylation by the Src family tyrosine kinase Lck (2-6). Tyrosine phosphorylation correlates with increased Zap-70 kinase activity and downstream signaling events. Expression of Zap-70 is correlated with disease progression and survival in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (7,8).

$499
96 assays
1 Kit
The FastScan™ Phospho-Zap-70 (Tyr319) ELISA Kit (Human Preferred) is a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of phospho-Zap-70 (Tyr319). To perform the assay, sample is incubated with a capture antibody conjugated with a proprietary tag and a second detection antibody linked to HRP, forming a sandwich with phospho-Zap-70 (Tyr319) in solution. This entire complex is immobilized to the plate via an anti-tag antibody. The wells are then washed to remove unbound material. TMB is then added. The magnitude of observed signal is proportional to the quantity of phospho-Zap-70 (Tyr319). Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit.
REACTIVITY
Human

Background: The Syk family protein tyrosine kinase Zap-70 is expressed in T and NK cells and plays a critical role in mediating T cell activation in response to T cell receptor (TCR) engagement (1). Following TCR engagement, Zap-70 is rapidly phosphorylated on several tyrosine residues through autophosphorylation and transphosphorylation by the Src family tyrosine kinase Lck (2-6). Tyrosine phosphorylation correlates with increased Zap-70 kinase activity and downstream signaling events. Expression of Zap-70 is correlated with disease progression and survival in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (7,8).

$499
96 assays
1 Kit
The FastScan™ Total Zap-70 ELISA Kit is a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of Zap-70. To perform the assay, sample is incubated with a capture antibody conjugated with a proprietary tag and a second detection antibody linked to HRP, forming a sandwich with Zap-70 in solution. This entire complex is immobilized to the plate via an anti-tag antibody. The wells are then washed to remove unbound material. TMB is then added. The magnitude of observed signal is proportional to the quantity of Zap-70. Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit.
REACTIVITY
Human, Mouse

Background: The Syk family protein tyrosine kinase Zap-70 is expressed in T and NK cells and plays a critical role in mediating T cell activation in response to T cell receptor (TCR) engagement (1). Following TCR engagement, Zap-70 is rapidly phosphorylated on several tyrosine residues through autophosphorylation and transphosphorylation by the Src family tyrosine kinase Lck (2-6). Tyrosine phosphorylation correlates with increased Zap-70 kinase activity and downstream signaling events. Expression of Zap-70 is correlated with disease progression and survival in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (7,8).

$489
96 assays
1 Kit
CST's PathScan® Phospho-Zap-70 (Tyr319) Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of phospho-Zap-70 (Tyr319) protein. A Zap-70 Mouse mAb has been coated onto the microwells. After incubation with cell lysates, both phospho- and nonphospho-Zap-70 proteins are captured by the coated antibody. Following extensive washing, Phospho-Zap-70 (Tyr319) Ab is added to detect the captured phospho-Zap-70 (Tyr319) protein. Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody is then used to recognize the bound detection antibody. HRP substrate, TMB, is added to develop color. The magnitude of optical density for this developed color is proportional to the quantity of phospho-Zap-70 (Tyr319) protein.Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit.
REACTIVITY
Human

Background: The Syk family protein tyrosine kinase Zap-70 is expressed in T and NK cells and plays a critical role in mediating T cell activation in response to T cell receptor (TCR) engagement (1). Following TCR engagement, Zap-70 is rapidly phosphorylated on several tyrosine residues through autophosphorylation and transphosphorylation by the Src family tyrosine kinase Lck (2-6). Tyrosine phosphorylation correlates with increased Zap-70 kinase activity and downstream signaling events. Expression of Zap-70 is correlated with disease progression and survival in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (7,8).

$489
96 assays
1 Kit
The PathScan® Phospho-LAT (Tyr191) Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of phospho-LAT (Tyr191). A LAT mouse antibody has been coated onto the microwells. After incubation with cell lysates, LAT protein (phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated) is captured by the coated antibody. Following extensive washing, a phospho-LAT (Tyr191) rabbit detection antibody is added to detect the captured phospho-LAT (Tyr191). HRP-linked anti-rabbit antibody is then used to recognize the bound detection antibody. The HRP substrate TMB is added to develop color. The magnitude of the absorbance for this developed color is proportional to the quantity of phospho-LAT (Tyr191).Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit
REACTIVITY
Human

Background: LAT, a transmembrane adaptor protein expressed in T, NK and mast cells, is an important mediator for T cell receptor (TCR) signaling (1). Upon TCR engagement, activated Zap-70 phosphorylates LAT at multiple conserved tyrosine residues within SH2 binding motifs, exposing these motifs as the docking sites for downstream signaling targets (2,3). The phosphorylation of LAT at Tyr171 and Tyr191 enables the binding of Grb2, Gads/SLP-76, PLCγ1 and PI3 kinase through their SH2 domain and translocates them to the membrane. This process eventually leads to activation of the corresponding signaling pathways (1-4).

$499
96 assays
1 Kit
The FastScan™ Total Btk ELISA Kit is a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of Btk. To perform the assay, sample is incubated with a capture antibody conjugated with a proprietary tag and a second detection antibody linked to HRP, forming a sandwich with Btk in solution. This entire complex is immobilized to the plate via an anti-tag antibody. The wells are then washed to remove unbound material. TMB is then added. The magnitude of observed signal is proportional to the quantity of Btk. Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit.
REACTIVITY
Human

Background: Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) is a member of the Btk/Tec family of cytoplasmic tyrosine kinases. Like other Btk family members, it contains a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain and Src homology SH3 and SH2 domains. Btk plays an important role in B cell development (1,2). Activation of B cells by various ligands is accompanied by Btk membrane translocation mediated by its PH domain binding to phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (3-5). The membrane-localized Btk is active and associated with transient phosphorylation of two tyrosine residues, Tyr551 and Tyr223. Tyr551 in the activation loop is transphosphorylated by the Src family tyrosine kinases, leading to autophosphorylation at Tyr223 within the SH3 domain, which is necessary for full activation (6,7). The activation of Btk is negatively regulated by PKCβ through phosphorylation of Btk at Ser180, which results in reduced membrane recruitment, transphosphorylation, and subsequent activation (8). The PKC inhibitory signal is likely to be a key determinant of the B cell receptor signaling threshold to maintain optimal Btk activity (8).

$489
96 assays
1 Kit
The PathScan® Total Btk Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of Btk protein. A Btk rabbit mAb has been coated onto the microwells. After incubation with cell lysates, the Btk protein is captured by the coated antibody. Following extensive washing, Btk mouse detection mAb is added to detect captured Btk protein. Anti-mouse, HRP-linked antibody is then used to recognize the bound detection antibody. HRP substrate, TMB, is added to develop color. The magnitude of absorbance for the developed color is proportional to the quantity of Btk protein.Antibodies in the kit are custom formulations specific to the kit.
REACTIVITY
Human, Mouse

Background: Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) is a member of the Btk/Tec family of cytoplasmic tyrosine kinases. Like other Btk family members, it contains a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain and Src homology SH3 and SH2 domains. Btk plays an important role in B cell development (1,2). Activation of B cells by various ligands is accompanied by Btk membrane translocation mediated by its PH domain binding to phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (3-5). The membrane-localized Btk is active and associated with transient phosphorylation of two tyrosine residues, Tyr551 and Tyr223. Tyr551 in the activation loop is transphosphorylated by the Src family tyrosine kinases, leading to autophosphorylation at Tyr223 within the SH3 domain, which is necessary for full activation (6,7). The activation of Btk is negatively regulated by PKCβ through phosphorylation of Btk at Ser180, which results in reduced membrane recruitment, transphosphorylation, and subsequent activation (8). The PKC inhibitory signal is likely to be a key determinant of the B cell receptor signaling threshold to maintain optimal Btk activity (8).

$489
96 assays
1 Kit
The PathScan® Phospho-Btk (Tyr223) Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of Btk protein phosphorylated at Tyr223. A Btk mouse antibody has been coated onto the microwells. After incubation with cell lysates, both phospho- and non-phospho-Histone Btk proteins are captured by the coated antibody. Following extensive washing, a phospho-Btk (Tyr223) rabbit antibody is added to detect the captured phospho-Btk protein. Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody is then used to recognize the bound detection antibody. HRP substrate, TMB, is added to develop color. The magnitude of the absorbance for this developed color is proportional to the quantity of Btk phosphorylated at Tyr223. Antibodies in this kit are custom formulations specific to kit.
REACTIVITY
Human

Background: Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) is a member of the Btk/Tec family of cytoplasmic tyrosine kinases. Like other Btk family members, it contains a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain and Src homology SH3 and SH2 domains. Btk plays an important role in B cell development (1,2). Activation of B cells by various ligands is accompanied by Btk membrane translocation mediated by its PH domain binding to phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (3-5). The membrane-localized Btk is active and associated with transient phosphorylation of two tyrosine residues, Tyr551 and Tyr223. Tyr551 in the activation loop is transphosphorylated by the Src family tyrosine kinases, leading to autophosphorylation at Tyr223 within the SH3 domain, which is necessary for full activation (6,7). The activation of Btk is negatively regulated by PKCβ through phosphorylation of Btk at Ser180, which results in reduced membrane recruitment, transphosphorylation, and subsequent activation (8). The PKC inhibitory signal is likely to be a key determinant of the B cell receptor signaling threshold to maintain optimal Btk activity (8).

$489
96 assays
1 Kit
The PathScan® Phospho-Syk (Tyr525/526) Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of Syk when phosphorylated at tyrosine 525/526. A phospho-Syk (Tyr525/526) Rabbit mAb has been coated onto the microwells. After incubation with cell lysates, Syk phosphorylated at Tyrosine525/526 is captured by the coated antibody. Following extensive washing, a Syk mouse monoclonal detection antibody is added to detect the captured Syk protein. HRP-linked, Anti-mouse Ab is then used to recognize the bound detection antibody. HRP substrate, TMB, is added to develop color. The magnitude of the absorbance for this developed color is proportional to the quantity of Syk phosphorylated on Tyr525/526.Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit.
REACTIVITY
Human

Background: Syk is a protein tyrosine kinase that plays an important role in intracellular signal transduction in hematopoietic cells (1-3). Syk interacts with immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMs) located in the cytoplasmic domains of immune receptors (4). It couples the activated immunoreceptors to downstream signaling events that mediate diverse cellular responses, including proliferation, differentiation, and phagocytosis (4). There is also evidence of a role for Syk in nonimmune cells and investigators have indicated that Syk is a potential tumor suppressor in human breast carcinomas (5). Tyr323 is a negative regulatory phosphorylation site within the SH2-kinase linker region in Syk. Phosphorylation at Tyr323 provides a direct binding site for the TKB domain of Cbl (6,7). Tyr352 of Syk is involved in the association of PLCγ1 (8). Tyr525 and Tyr526 are located in the activation loop of the Syk kinase domain; phosphorylation at Tyr525/526 of human Syk (equivalent to Tyr519/520 of mouse Syk) is essential for Syk function (9).

$489
96 assays
1 Kit
PathScan® Total B7-H4 Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of B7-H4. A B7-H4 Rabbit mAb has been coated onto the microwells. After incubation with cell lysates, B7-H4 protein is captured by the coated antibody. Following extensive washing, a B7-H4 Mouse Detection mAb is added to detect the captured B7-H4 protein. A HRP-linked, anti-mouse antibody is then used to recognize the bound detection antibody. HRP substrate, TMB, is added to develop color. The magnitude of the absorbance for this developed color is proportional to the quantity of total B7-H4.Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit.
REACTIVITY
Human

Background: B7 homolog 4 (B7-H4, VTCN1) is a member of the B7 family of cell surface ligands that regulate T cell activation and immune responses (1-3). B7-H4 protein contains two extracellular Ig-like V-type domains, a transmembrane domain, and a short, two amino acid intracellular domain (3). The B7-H4 protein is shown to inhibit T cell activation, proliferation, and cytokine production (1,4,5). Although B7-H4 mRNA is widely expressed, B7-H4 protein is restricted to antigen presenting cells and B cells (1). The B7-H4 protein is also found in several tumor types, including ovarian cancer and breast cancer (6). Research studies indicate that B7-H4 protein is present on the surface of ovarian tumor cells, and that targeted inhibition of B7-H4 using recombinant antibodies restores T cell activation pathways. These studies suggest some potential therapeutic value in blocking B7-H4 function and restoring T cell function in cancer patients (7,8).