Product Pathways - Cell Cycle / Checkpoint
p21 Waf1/Cip1 (12D1) Rabbit mAb #2947
|2947S||100 µl (10 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|2947P||40 µl (4 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|2947||carrier free and custom formulation / quantity||email request|
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|W||1:1000||Human, Monkey||Endogenous||21||Rabbit IgG|
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.
Applications Key: W=Western Blotting, IP=Immunoprecipitation, IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin), IF-IC=Immunofluorescence (Immunocytochemistry), F=Flow Cytometry
Species predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology: Dog.
Specificity / Sensitivity
p21 Waf1/Cip1 (12D1) Rabbit mAb detects endogenous levels of total p21 protein. The antibody does not cross-react with other CDK inhibitors.
Source / Purification
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues near the carboxy-terminus of human p21.
Western blot analysis of extracts from various cell types using p21 Waf1/Cip1 (12D1) Rabbit mAb.
Western blot analysis of extracts from HeLa cells, transfected with 100 nM SignalSilence® Control siRNA (Fluorescein Conjugate) #6201 (-) or SignalSilence® p21 Waf1/Cip1 siRNA II (+), using p21 Waf1/Cip1 (12D1) Rabbit mAb #2947 and α-Tubulin (11H10) Rabbit mAb #2125. The p21 Waf1/Cip1 (12D1) Rabbit mAb confirms silencing of p21 Waf1/Cip1 expression and α-Tubulin (11H10) Rabbit mAb is used to control for loading and specificity of p21 Waf1/Cip1 siRNA.
Immunoprecipitation of p21 from human umbillical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) using p21 Waf1/Cip1 (12D1) Rabbit mAb. Western blot detection was performed using the same antibody.
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human breast carcinoma using p21 Waf1/Cip1 (12D1) Rabbit mAb in the presence of control peptide (left) or antigen-specific peptide (right).
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded HeLa cells, transfected with SignalSilence® Control siRNA (Unconjugated) #6568 (left) or SignalSilence® p21 Waf1/Cip1 siRNA II #6558 (right), using p21 Waf1/Cip1 (12D1) Rabbit mAb.
Flow cytometric analysis of HeLa cells (red) and MCF7 cells (blue), using p21 Waf1/Cip1 (12D1) Rabbit mAb.
The tumor suppressor protein p21 Waf1/Cip1 acts as an inhibitor of cell cycle progression. It functions in stoichiometric relationships forming heterotrimeric complexes with cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases. In association with CDK2 complexes, it serves to inhibit kinase activity and block progression through G1/S (1). However, p21 may also enhance assembly and activity in complexes of CDK4 or CDK6 and cyclin D (2). The carboxy-terminal region of p21 is sufficient to bind and inhibit PCNA, a subunit of DNA polymerase, and may coordinate DNA replication with cell cycle progression (3). Upon UV damage or during cell cycle stages when cdc2/cyclin B or CDK2/cyclin A are active, p53 is phosphorylated and upregulates p21 transcription via a p53-responsive element (4). Protein levels of p21 are downregulated through ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation (5).
- Kong, B. et al. (2010) Oncogene 29, 5146-58. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Chew, Y.C. et al. (2011) J Biol Chem 286, 28772-82. Applications: Western Blotting, IF-IC (In Cells).
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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
DRAQ5® is a registered trademark of Biostatus Limited.
Cell Signaling Technology® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
This antibody is developed, validated, and produced by CST using in part technology under license (granting certain rights including those under U.S. Patents No. 5,675,063 and 7,429,487) from Epitomics, Inc.