|Molecular Weight||491.4 g/mol|
|Molecular Formula||C18H23N5O8P • Na|
|Solubility||Soluble in DMSO at 50 mg/mL or water at 50 mg/mL.|
Dibutyryl-cAMP (sodium salt), also known as bucladesine, is an analog of the second messenger cyclic adenosine 3'5'-monophosphate (cAMP). Dibutyryl-cAMP is a phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor and a cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) activator that mimics the action of cAMP in cells (1). The anti-inflammatory activity of Dibutyryl-cAMP makes it an option for the treatment of skin inflammation (2). Exposure of rat glial cells to Dibutyryl-cAMP inhibited cell growth and increased glial fibrillary acidic protein levels, resulting in a change toward an astrocytic phenotype (3). Treatment of rat hepatocytes with Dibutyryl-cAMP suppressed both iNOS mRNA and protein expression, decreased iNOS promoter activity, and reduced DNA binding of the transcription factor NF-κB (4). Dibutyryl-cAMP treatment increased phosphorylated cAMP-response element-binding protein (p-CREB) via protein kinase A (PKA) signaling in rat pulmonary fibroblasts. Cells treated with Dibutyryl-cAMP exhibited a reduced number and size of silicosis nodules, and inhibited myofibroblast differentiation and extracellular matrix deposition (5).
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