TPA is supplied as a 200 μM stock in DMSO. For standard 200 nM treatment, dilute 1000X.
Store lyophilized or in solution at -20°C. In lyophilized form, the chemical is stable for 24 months. Once in solution, use within 3 months to prevent loss of potency.
TPA (12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate) / PMA (phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate) is soluble in DMSO and ethanol. DMSO solutions can be stored at -20ºC, in the absence of light, for at least six months. A 200 nM TPA treatment is standard to induce signaling.
TPA (12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate) / PMA (phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate) is the most commonly used phorbol ester. It binds and activates protein kinase C, causing a wide range of effects in cells and tissues (1,2). TPA has been demonstrated to be a potent tumor promoter in mouse skin (3). Conversely, it has been shown to be an effective cancer therapeutic agent in myelocytic leukemia patients, and has been indicated as a potential colorectal cancer therapeutic (4-5). TPA has also been shown to increase white blood cell and neutrophil counts in solid tumor cancer patients (6).
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.