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11882
Ki-67 (D3B5) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate)
Antibody Conjugates
Monoclonal Antibody
R
Recombinant

Ki-67 (D3B5) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) #11882

Citations (64)
Filter:
  1. IHC
  2. IF
  3. F
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded 4T1 syngeneic tumor using Ki-67 (D3B5) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) (green) and DAPI #4083 (blue).
Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of normal rat colon using Ki-67 (D3B5) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) (green). Actin filaments were labeled with DY-554 phalloidin (red). Blue pseudocolor = DRAQ5® #4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).
Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of HeLa cells using Ki-67 (D3B5) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) (green). Actin filaments were labeled with DY-554 phalloidin (red).
Flow cytometric analysis of Jurkat cells using Ki-67 (D3B5) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) and Propidium Iodide (PI) /RNase Staining Solution #4087 (DNA content).
To Purchase # 11882

Supporting Data

REACTIVITY H M R
SENSITIVITY Endogenous
MW (kDa)
Source/Isotype Rabbit IgG

Application Key:

  • WB-Western Blot
  • IP-Immunoprecipitation
  • IHC-Immunohistochemistry
  • ChIP-Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • C&R-CUT&RUN
  • C&T-CUT&Tag
  • DB-Dot Blot
  • eCLIP-eCLIP
  • IF-Immunofluorescence
  • F-Flow Cytometry

Species Cross-Reactivity Key:

  • H-Human
  • M-Mouse
  • R-Rat
  • Hm-Hamster
  • Mk-Monkey
  • Vir-Virus
  • Mi-Mink
  • C-Chicken
  • Dm-D. melanogaster
  • X-Xenopus
  • Z-Zebrafish
  • B-Bovine
  • Dg-Dog
  • Pg-Pig
  • Sc-S. cerevisiae
  • Ce-C. elegans
  • Hr-Horse
  • GP-Guinea Pig
  • Rab-Rabbit
  • All-All Species Expected

Product Description

This Cell Signaling Technology antibody is conjugated to Alexa Fluor® 488 fluorescent dye. This antibody is expected to exhibit the same species cross-reactivity as the unconjugated Ki-67 (D3B5) Rabbit mAb #9129.

Product Usage Information

Application Dilution
Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin) 1:100 - 1:400
Immunofluorescence (Frozen) 1:100 - 1:200
Immunofluorescence (Immunocytochemistry) 1:100 - 1:200
Flow Cytometry (Fixed/Permeabilized) 1:50

Storage

Supplied in PBS (pH 7.2), less than 0.1% sodium azide and 2 mg/ml BSA. Store at 4°C. Do not aliquot the antibody. Protect from light. Do not freeze.

Protocol

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Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin)

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.

  1. Xylene.
  2. Ethanol, anhydrous denatured, histological grade (100% and 95%).
  3. Deionized water (dH2O).
  4. Wash Buffer:
    1. 1X Tris Buffered Saline with Tween® 20 (TBST): To prepare 1 L 1X TBST, add 100 ml 10X Tris Buffered Saline with Tween® 20 (TBST)(#9997) to 900 ml dH20, mix.
    2. 1X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): To prepare 1L 1X PBS, add 100 mL 10X Wash Buffer, Phosphate Buffered Saline(#12528) to 900 ml dH20, mix.
  5. SignalStain® Antibody Diluent: (#8112)
  6. 1X EDTA Unmasking Solution: To prepare 250 mL of 1X EDTA unmasking solution, dilute 25 ml of SignalStain® EDTA Unmasking Solution (10X) (#14747) with 225 ml of dH2O.
  7. 3% Hydrogen Peroxide: To prepare, add 10 ml 30% H2O2 to 90 ml dH2O.
  8. Blocking Solution: 1X TBST/5% Normal Goat Serum or 1X Animal-Free Blocking Solution.
    1. TBST/5% Normal Goat Serum: to 5 ml 1X TBST, add 250 µl Normal Goat Serum (#5425).
    2. 1X Animal-Free Blocking Solution: to 4 mL of dH2O, add 1 ml of Animal-Free Blocking Solution (5X) (#15019).
  9. Prolong® Gold AntiFade Reagent(#9071), Prolong® Gold AntiFade Reagent with DAPI(#8961).
  10. (optional) TrueBlack® Lipofuscin Autofluorescence Quencher (#92401).

B. Deparaffinization/Rehydration

NOTE: Do not allow slides to dry at any time during this procedure.

  1. Deparaffinize/hydrate sections:
    1. Incubate sections in three washes of xylene for 5 minutes each.
    2. Incubate sections in two washes of 100% ethanol for 10 minutes each.
    3. Incubate sections in two washes of 95% ethanol for 10 minutes each.
  2. Wash sections twice in dH2O for 5 minutes each.

C. Antigen Unmasking

  1. Heat slides submersed in 1X EDTA unmasking solution in a microwave until boiling is initiated; follow with 15 min at sub-boiling temperature (95°-98°). No cooling is necessary.
  2. D. Staining

    1. Wash sections in dH2O three times for 5 minutes each.
    2. Incubate sections in 1X TBST for 5 min.
    3. Block each section with 100-400 µl of preferred blocking solution for 1 hour at room temperature.
    4. Remove blocking solution and add 100-400 µl primary antibody diluted in SignalStain® Antibody Diluent to each section.
    5. Incubate overnight at 4°C.
    6. Rinse three times in 1X PBS for 5 min each protected from light.
      NOTE: See below for optional TrueBlack® Lipofuscin Autofluorescence Quencher protocol.
    7. Coverslip slides with Prolong® Gold Antifade Reagent or Prolong® Gold Antifade Reagent with DAPI.
    8. For best results, allow mountant to cure overnight at room temperature. For long-term storage, store slides flat at 4°C protected from light.

    TrueBlack® Lipofuscin Autofluorescence Quencher protocol

    Following Section D Step 6:

    IMPORTANT: TrueBlack® Lipofuscin Autofluorescence Quencher is not compatible with detergent. Any steps involving detergent must be done before applying TrueBlack® Lipofuscin Autofluorescence Quencher.

    1. Prepare TrueBlack® Lipofuscin Autofluorescence Quencher solution by diluting 1:20 in 70% ethanol. Vortex to mix.
      NOTE: Quenching solution should be made fresh prior to use and discarded if precipitate is visible. We recommend heating the vial of stock solution of TrueBlack® Lipofuscin Autofluorescence Quencher, 20X in DMF to 70°C prior to dilution in order to avoid precipitate formation.
    2. Immediately cover tissue sections with 100 µL - 200 µL of quenching solution for 30 seconds at room temperature.
      IMPORTANT: Do not allow sections to dry out. Sections may tolerate longer incubations (up to 3 minutes) so long as they remain hydrated.
    3. Tap slides on an absorbent towel to collect excess TrueBlack® Lipofuscin Autofluorescence Quencher before transferring to 1X PBS.
    4. Rinse three times in 1X PBS for 5 min each.
    5. Proceed with counterstaining/mounting.

Protocol Id: 2924

Immunofluorescence (Frozen)

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.

  1. 20X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): (9808) To prepare 1L 1X PBS: add 50 ml 20X PBS to 950 ml dH2O, mix. Adjust pH to 8.0.
  2. Formaldehyde: 16%, methanol free, Polysciences, Inc. (cat# 18814), use fresh and store opened vials at 4°C in dark, dilute in 1X PBS for use.
  3. Blocking Buffer (1X PBS / 5% normal goat serum (#5425) / 0.3% Triton™ X-100): To prepare 10 ml: add 0.5 ml normal goat serum and 0.5 ml 20X PBS to 9.0 ml dH2O, mix. While stirring, add 30 µl Triton™ X-100.
  4. Antibody Dilution Buffer: (1X PBS / 1% BSA / 0.3% Triton™ X-100): To prepare 10 ml, add 30 µl Triton™ X-100 to 10 ml 1X PBS. Mix well then add 0.1 g BSA (#9998), mix.
  5. Prolong® Gold AntiFade Reagent (#9071), Prolong® Gold AntiFade Reagent with DAPI (#8961).

B. Specimen Preparation - Frozen/Cryostat Sections (IF-F)

  1. For fixed frozen tissue proceed with Immunostaining (Section C).
  2. For fresh, unfixed frozen tissue, please fix immediately, as follows:
    1. Cover sections with 4% formaldehyde dilute in 1X PBS.

      NOTE: Formaldehyde is toxic, use only in fume hood.

    2. Allow sections to fix for 15 minutes at room temperature.
    3. Aspirate liquid, rinse three times in 1X PBS for 5 minutes each.
    4. Proceed with Immunostaining (Section C).

C. Immunostaining

NOTE: All subsequent incubations should be carried out at room temperature unless otherwise noted in a humid light-tight box or covered dish/plate to prevent drying and fluorochrome fading.

  1. Block specimen in Blocking Buffer for 60 min.
  2. While blocking, prepare primary antibody by diluting as indicated on protocol on product webpage in Antibody Dilution Buffer.
  3. Aspirate blocking solution, apply diluted primary antibody.
  4. Incubate overnight at 4°C.
  5. Rinse three times in 1X PBS for 5 min each.
  6. Coverslip slides with Prolong® Gold Antifade Reagent (#9071) or Prolong® Gold Antifade Reagent with DAPI (#8961).
  7. For best results, allow mountant to cure overnight at room temperature. For long-term storage, store slides flat at 4°C protected from light.

posted November 2006

revised November 2013

Protocol Id: 222

Immunofluorescence (Immunocytochemistry)

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.

  1. 20X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): (9808) To prepare 1L 1X PBS: add 50 ml 20X PBS to 950 ml dH2O, mix. Adjust pH to 8.0.
  2. Formaldehyde: 16%, methanol free, Polysciences, Inc. (cat# 18814), use fresh and store opened vials at 4°C in dark, dilute in 1X PBS for use.
  3. Blocking Buffer (1X PBS / 5% normal goat serum (#5425) / 0.3% Triton™ X-100): To prepare 10 ml: add 0.5 ml normal goat serum and 0.5 ml 20X PBS to 9.0 ml dH2O, mix. While stirring, add 30 µl Triton™ X-100.
  4. Antibody Dilution Buffer: (1X PBS / 1% BSA / 0.3% Triton™ X-100): To prepare 10 ml, add 30 µl Triton™ X-100 to 10 ml 1X PBS. Mix well then add 0.1 g BSA (#9998), mix.
  5. Prolong® Gold AntiFade Reagent (#9071), Prolong® Gold AntiFade Reagent with DAPI (#8961).

B. Specimen Preparation - Cultured Cell Lines (IF-IC)

NOTE: Cells should be grown, treated, fixed and stained directly in multi-well plates, chamber slides or on coverslips.

  1. Aspirate liquid, then cover cells to a depth of 2–3 mm with 4% formaldehyde diluted in 1X PBS.

    NOTE: Formaldehyde is toxic, use only in a fume hood.

  2. Allow cells to fix for 15 min at room temperature.
  3. Aspirate fixative, rinse three times in 1X PBS for 5 min each.
  4. Proceed with Immunostaining (Section C).

C. Immunostaining

NOTE: All subsequent incubations should be carried out at room temperature unless otherwise noted in a humid light-tight box or covered dish/plate to prevent drying and fluorochrome fading.

  1. Block specimen in Blocking Buffer for 60 min.
  2. While blocking, prepare primary antibody by diluting as indicated on product webpage in Antibody Dilution Buffer.
  3. Aspirate blocking solution, apply diluted primary antibody.
  4. Incubate overnight at 4°C.
  5. Rinse three times in 1X PBS for 5 min each.
  6. Coverslip slides with Prolong® Gold Antifade Reagent (#9071) or Prolong® Gold Antifade Reagent with DAPI (#8961).
  7. For best results, allow mountant to cure overnight at room temperature. For long-term storage, store slides flat at 4°C protected from light.

posted November 2006

revised November 2013

Protocol Id: 182

Flow Cytometry, BSA-free Methanol Permeabilization Protocol

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.

  1. 1X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): To prepare 1 L 1X PBS: add 100 ml 10X PBS (#12528) to 900 ml water mix.
  2. 4% Formaldehyde, Methanol-Free (#47746)
  3. 100% Methanol (#13604): Chill before use.

NOTE: When including fluorescent cellular dyes in your experiment (including viability dyes, DNA dyes, etc.), please refer to the dye product page for the recommended protocol.

B. Fixation

NOTE: Adherent cells or tissue should be dissociated and in single-cell suspension prior to fixation.

NOTE: Optimal centrifugation conditions will vary depending upon cell type and reagent volume. Generally, 150-300g for 1-5 minutes will be sufficient to pellet the cells.

NOTE: If using whole blood, lyse red blood cells and wash by centrifugation prior to fixation.

NOTE: Antibodies targeting CD markers or other extracellular proteins may be added prior to fixation if the epitope is disrupted by formaldehyde and/or methanol. The antibodies will remain bound to the target of interest during the fixation and permeabilization process. However, note that some fluorophores (including PE and APC) are damaged by methanol and thus should not be added prior to permeabilization. Conduct a small-scale experiment if you are unsure.

  1. Pellet cells by centrifugation and remove supernatant.
  2. Resuspend cells in approximately 100 µl 4% formaldehyde per 1 million cells. Mix well to dissociate pellet and prevent cross-linking of individual cells.
  3. Fix for 15 min at room temperature (20-25°C).
  4. Wash by centrifugation with excess 1X PBS. Discard supernatant in appropriate waste container. Proceed to Permeabilization step.
    1. Alternatively, cells may be stored overnight at 4°C in 1X PBS.

C. Permeabilization

  1. Permeabilize cells by adding ice-cold 100% methanol slowly to pre-chilled cells, while gently vortexing, to a final concentration of 90% methanol.
    1. If container volume is limiting (for example, in a 96-well plate), generate a 90% methanol solution by mixing with an appropriate volume of 1X PBS. Pellet cells and discard supernatant, and add 100 µl of 90% methanol to cells. Ensure cell pellets are adequately dissociated.
  2. Permeabilize for a minimum of 10 min on ice.
  3. Proceed with immunostaining (Section D) or store cells at -20°C in 90% methanol.

D. Immunostaining

NOTE: Count cells using a hemocytometer or alternative method.

  1. Wash cells by centrifugation in excess 1X PBS to remove methanol. Discard supernatant in appropriate waste container. Repeat if necessary.
  2. Aliquot desired number of cells into tubes or wells. (Generally, 5x105 to 1x106 cells per assay.)
  3. Resuspend cells in 100 µl of diluted primary antibody, prepared in 1X PBS at a recommended dilution or as determined via titration.
  4. Incubate for 1 hr at room temperature. Protect from light.
  5. Wash by centrifugation in 1X PBS. Discard supernatant. Repeat. If using directly conjugated antibodies, skip to step 9.
  6. Resuspend cells in 100 µl of diluted fluorochrome-conjugated secondary antibody, prepared in 1X PBS at the recommended dilution or as determined via titration.
  7. Incubate for 30 min at room temperature.
  8. Wash by centrifugation in 1X PBS. Discard supernatant. Repeat.
  9. Resuspend cells in 200-500 µl of 1X PBS and analyze on flow cytometer.

posted June 2023

Protocol Id: 2985

Specificity / Sensitivity

Ki-67 (D3B5) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) recognizes endogenous levels of total Ki-67 protein by Flow Cytometry. It lacks sensitivity in low-expressing cells by immunofluorescence but may be used to detect moderate-to-high levels of Ki-67 in cultured cells and frozen tissues. Species reactivity for IHC-P is mouse only.

Species Reactivity:

Human, Mouse, Rat

Source / Purification

Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with recombinant protein specific to the amino terminus of human Ki-67 protein.

Background

Ki-67, named after the location where it was discovered (Kiel University, Germany), is a nuclear nonhistone protein (1) that is universally expressed among proliferating cells and absent in quiescent cells (2). Ki-67 detects proliferating cells in G1, S, G2, and mitosis, but not in the G0 resting phase. Research studies have shown that high levels of Ki-67 are associated with poorer breast cancer survival (3). Research studies have explored the use of Ki-67, along with other markers, as potential prognostic or predictive markers in breast cancer and other malignant diseases (4).

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Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
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