|82548S||100 µl (50 tests)||
|Flow Cytometry (Fixed/Permeabilized)||1:50|
All reagents required for this protocol may be efficiently purchased together in our Intracellular Flow Cytometry Kit (Methanol) #13593, or individually using the catalog numbers listed below.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
NOTE: When including fluorescent cellular dyes in your experiment (including viability dyes, DNA dyes, etc.), please refer to the dye product page for the recommended protocol. Visit www.cellsignal.com for a full listing of cellular dyes validated for use in flow cytometry.
NOTE: Adherent cells or tissue should be dissociated and in single-cell suspension prior to fixation.
NOTE: Optimal centrifugation conditions will vary depending upon cell type and reagent volume. Generally, 150-300g for 1-5 minutes will be sufficient to pellet the cells.
NOTE: If using whole blood, lyse red blood cells and wash by centrifugation prior to fixation.
NOTE: Antibodies targeting CD markers or other extracellular proteins may be added prior to fixation if the epitope is disrupted by formaldehyde and/or methanol. The antibodies will remain bound to the target of interest during the fixation and permeabilization process. However, note that some fluorophores (including PE and APC) are damaged by methanol and thus should not be added prior to permeabilization. Conduct a small-scale experiment if you are unsure.
NOTE: Count cells using a hemocytometer or alternative method.
posted July 2009
revised June 2020
Protocol Id: 407
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Ala143 of human p16 INK4A protein.
Members of the INK4 family of cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors include p16 INK4A, p15 INK4B, p18 INK4C, and p19 INK4D. The INK4 family members inhibit cyclin dependent kinases 4 and 6 (CDK4 and CDK6), causing cell cycle arrest in G1 phase. The INK4A-ARF-INK4B locus on chromosome 9p21, frequently lost in human cancer, encodes the INK4 family members p16 INK5A and p15 INK4B, as well as the unrelated protein, ARF (1).
p16 INK4A expression, typically repressed in the absence of stress, is thought to drive cells into senescence, and p16 INK4A expression is a commonly used marker of senescent cells (2,3). p16 INK4A protein expression is often altered in human cancer, and high expression is currently used as a predictive biomarker in cervical cancer (3-5).
Explore pathways related to this product.
UniProt ID: P42771
Entrez-Gene Id: 1029
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