|Purity||A greater than or equal to 95% purity was determined by SDS-PAGE.|
|Endotoxin||Endotoxin levels are less than or equal to 1 EU / 1 μg hIL-1RA.|
|Activity||The bioactivity of recombinant hIL-1RA was determined in an IL-1α induced D10.G4.1 cell proliferation assay. The ED50 of each lot is less than or equal to 50 ng/mL.|
Recombinant human IL-1RA was expressed in E. coli and is supplied in a lyophilized form.
The founding members of the interleukin-1 (IL-1) superfamily include pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1α and IL-1β, and a third protein that acts as an IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA). At least six similar proteins have been recently identified, including a homolog of IL-1RA (IL1F5). The three better-characterized proteins (IL-1a, IL-1b, and IL-1RA) are mainly expressed in macrophages, monocytes, and dendritic cells. IL-1a and IL-1b act as potent inflammatory cytokines that help regulate host defense and immune responses (1). Binding of these pro-inflammatory cytokines to an IL-1 receptor recruits adaptor proteins (such as IRAK) to the receptor. Phosphorylation of these adaptor proteins promotes downstream signaling cascades associated with the immune response (2). Altered expression of both IL-1a and IL-1b is associated with an extensive list of human disorders, including Alzheimer's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, and various forms of cancer (3,4). IL-1RA acts as an anti-inflammatory cytokine, binding the IL-1 receptor to limit the response to inflammation (5). Because it plays a key role in regulating the inflammatory response, recombinant IL-1RA is a therapeutic agent used in the treatment of diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis. Alternatively, mutation of the corresponding IL-1RA gene may be associated with susceptibility to the development of specific cancers (6).
UniProt ID: P18510
Entrez-Gene Id: 3557
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