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16769
Human TNF-α Recombinant Protein
Cytokines & Growth Factors
Growth Factors and Cytokines

Human TNF-α Recombinant Protein #16769

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Human TNF-α Recombinant Protein: Image 1
Serial dilutions of Human TNF-α Recombinant Protein were added to mouse L929 cells in the presence of Actinomycin D. Cell proliferation was measured and the linear portion of the curve was used to calculate the ED50.
Human TNF-α Recombinant Protein: Image 2
The purity of Human TNF-α Recombinant Protein was determined by SDS-PAGE of 1 µg reduced (+) and non-reduced (-) recombinant hTNF-α and staining with Coomassie Blue.

Storage

Human TNF-α Recombinant Protein is supplied as lyophilized material that is very stable at -20°C. It is recommended to reconstitute with sterile water at a concentration of 0.1 mg/mL which can be further diluted in aqueous solutions as needed. Addition of a carrier protein (0.1% HSA or BSA) is recommended for long-term storage.

Product Description

MW (kDa) 17.5
Purity A greater than or equal to 95% purity was determined by SDS-PAGE.
Endotoxin Endotoxin levels are less than or equal to 1 EU / 1 μg hTNF-α.
Activity The bioactivity of recombinant hTNF-α was determined in a cell proliferation assay measuring the cytolysis of mouse L929 cells in the presence of Actinomycin D. The ED50 of each lot is less than or equal to 2 ng/mL.

Source / Purification

Recombinant human TNF-α was expressed in E. coli and is supplied in a lyophilized form.

Background

TNF-α, the prototypical member of the TNF protein superfamily, is a homotrimeric type-II membrane protein (1,2). Membrane bound TNF-α is cleaved by the metalloprotease TACE/ADAM17 to generate a soluble homotrimer (2). Both membrane and soluble forms of TNF-α are biologically active. TNF-α is produced by a variety of immune cells, including T cells, B cells, NK cells, and macrophages (1). Cellular response to TNF-α is mediated through interaction with receptors TNF-R1 and TNF-R2 and results in activation of pathways that favor both cell survival and apoptosis depending on the cell type and biological context. Activation of kinase pathways (including JNK, ERK (p44/42), p38 MAPK, and NF-κB) promotes the survival of cells, while TNF-α-mediated activation of caspase-8 leads to programmed cell death (1,2). TNF-α plays a key regulatory role in inflammation and host defense against bacterial infection, notably Mycobacterium tuberculosis (3). The role of TNF-α in autoimmunity is underscored by blocking TNF-α action to treat rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn’s disease (1,2,4).
  1. Aggarwal, B.B. (2003) Nat Rev Immunol 3, 745-56.
  2. Hehlgans, T. and Pfeffer, K. (2005) Immunology 115, 1-20.
  3. Lin, P.L. et al. (2007) J Investig Dermatol Symp Proc 12, 22-5.
  4. Brennan, F.M. and McInnes, I.B. (2008) J Clin Invest 118, 3537-45.

Pathways & Proteins

Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.

Limited Uses

Except as otherwise expressly agreed in a writing signed by a legally authorized representative of CST, the following terms apply to Products provided by CST, its affiliates or its distributors. Any Customer's terms and conditions that are in addition to, or different from, those contained herein, unless separately accepted in writing by a legally authorized representative of CST, are rejected and are of no force or effect.

Products are labeled with For Research Use Only or a similar labeling statement and have not been approved, cleared, or licensed by the FDA or other regulatory foreign or domestic entity, for any purpose. Customer shall not use any Product for any diagnostic or therapeutic purpose, or otherwise in any manner that conflicts with its labeling statement. Products sold or licensed by CST are provided for Customer as the end-user and solely for research and development uses. Any use of Product for diagnostic, prophylactic or therapeutic purposes, or any purchase of Product for resale (alone or as a component) or other commercial purpose, requires a separate license from CST. Customer shall (a) not sell, license, loan, donate or otherwise transfer or make available any Product to any third party, whether alone or in combination with other materials, or use the Products to manufacture any commercial products, (b) not copy, modify, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or otherwise attempt to discover the underlying structure or technology of the Products, or use the Products for the purpose of developing any products or services that would compete with CST products or services, (c) not alter or remove from the Products any trademarks, trade names, logos, patent or copyright notices or markings, (d) use the Products solely in accordance with CST Product Terms of Sale and any applicable documentation, and (e) comply with any license, terms of service or similar agreement with respect to any third party products or services used by Customer in connection with the Products.

For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
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To Purchase # 16769
Cat. # Size Qty. Price
16769S
10 µg
$ 95