Figure 1. AR-V7 protein is expressed in 22Rv1 cells but absent in LNCaP cells. The relationship between lysate protein concentration from 22Rv1 and LNCaP cells and the absorbance at 450 nm using the FastScan™ Androgen Receptor (AR-V7 Specific) ELISA Kit #93577 is shown in the upper figure. The corresponding western blot using an AR-V7 antibody is shown in the lower figure. Unstarved 22Rv1 or LNCaP (85% confluence) cells were harvested and then lysed.
|Product Includes||Volume (with Count)||Solution Color|
|FastScan™ ELISA Microwell Strip Plate, 96 Well 53257||1 x 96 tests|
|Androgen Receptor Rabbit Capture mAb||1 x 1 ea||Green (Lyophilized)|
|Androgen Receptor (AR-V7 Specific) Rabbit HRP-linked mAb||1 x 1 ea||Red (Lyophilized)|
|FastScan™ ELISA Capture Antibody Diluent||1 x 3 ml||Green|
|FastScan™ ELISA HRP Antibody Diluent||1 x 3 ml|
|TMB Substrate 7004||1 x 11 ml|
|STOP Solution 7002||1 x 11 ml|
|Sealing Tape||1 x 1 ea|
|ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) 9801||1 x 25 ml|
|FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Buffer (5X) 69905||1 x 10 ml|
|FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (50X) 25243||1 x 1 ml|
|FastScan™ ELISA Kit #93577 Positive Control Type 1||1 x 1 ea|
NOTE: Prepare solutions with deionized/purified water or equivalent.
Prepare only as much reagent as needed on the day of the experiment.
*IMPORTANT: The provided FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (50X) may precipitate when stored at 4°C. To dissolve, warm briefly at 37°C and mix gently. The FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (50X) can be stored at room temperature to avoid precipitation.
NOTE: The 1X Cell Extraction Buffer contains phosphatase inhibitors. Protease inhibitors should be added to the 1X Cell Extraction Buffer immediately prior to lysing cells. Additional phosphatase inhibitors can also be added (e.g. Protease/Phosphatase Inhibitor Cocktail (100X) #5872, not supplied).
NOTE: A select number of FastScan™ ELISA kits do not contain a positive control, please refer to Product Includes table on the datasheet for a list of included reagents. Should you need support on how to generate a positive control for those kits, contact CST technical support at [email protected].
For adherent cells
For suspension cells
NOTE: Equilibrate all materials and prepared reagents to room temperature prior to running the assay.
*NOTE: Certain FastScan™ ELISA Kits may require additional washes at this step. Any requirements for additional washes will be specifically noted in the product “Description” of the kit’s datasheet.
NOTE: Initial color of positive reaction is blue, which changes to yellow upon addition of STOP Solution.
posted May 2018
revised November 2019
Protocol Id: 1924
The FastScan™ Androgen Receptor (AR-V7 Specific) ELISA Kit is a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of AR-V7. To perform the assay, sample is incubated with a capture antibody conjugated with a proprietary tag and a second detection antibody linked to HRP, forming a sandwich with AR-V7 in solution. This entire complex is immobilized to the plate via an anti-tag antibody. The wells are then washed to remove unbound material. TMB is then added. The magnitude of observed signal is proportional to the quantity of AR-V7.
*Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit.
The FastScan™ Androgen Receptor (AR-V7 Specific) ELISA Kit detects endogenous levels of AR-V7, as shown in Figure 1. This kit detects proteins from the indicated species, as determined through in-house testing, but may also detect homologous proteins from other species.
Androgen receptor (AR), a zinc finger transcription factor belonging to the nuclear receptor superfamily, is activated by phosphorylation and dimerization upon ligand binding (1). This promotes nuclear localization and binding of AR to androgen response elements in androgen target genes. Research studies have shown that AR plays a crucial role in several stages of male development and the progression of prostate cancer (2,3).
The AR3 or AR-V7 isoform, which lacks the typical ligand binding domain, is created through the alternative splicing of cryptic exons (4-5). AR-V7 is frequently expressed in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and while dependent on the activity of the full-length androgen receptor (AR-FL), AR-V7 can activate a completely distinct transcriptional program (6-8). While enzalutamide and abiraterone have been beneficial in treating CRPC through the ligand binding domain of AR-FL, resistance in patients has been shown to be associated with AR-V7 detection in circulating tumor cells (9-12). Studies probing into mechanisms of overcoming this resistance are currently being explored and may help in stratifying patient populations for more personalized therapies (13-15).
Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
FastScan™ ELISA is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
U.S. Patents 9,086,407, 9,261,500, and 9,476,874, foreign equivalents, and child patents deriving therefrom.