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89897
FastScan™ Phospho-EGF Receptor (Tyr1068) ELISA Kit
ELISA Kits

FastScan™ Phospho-EGF Receptor (Tyr1068) ELISA Kit #89897

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Figure 1. Treatment of A-431 cells with EGF stimulates phosphorylation of EGF Receptor at Tyr1068, but does not affect the level of total EGF Receptor protein. The relationship between lysate protein concentration from untreated and EGF-treated A-431 cells and the absorbance at 450 nm using the FastScan™ Phospho-EGF Receptor (Tyr1068) ELISA Kit #89897 is shown in the upper figure. The corresponding western blots using phospho-EGF Receptor (Tyr1068) antibody (left panel) and EGF Receptor antibody (right panel) are shown in the lower figure. After serum starvation, A-431 cells were either left untreated or treated with 100 ng/ml hEGF #8916 for 5 minutes at 37°C and then lysed.

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Product Includes Volume (with Count) Solution Color
FastScan™ ELISA Microwell Strip Plate, 96 Well 53257 1 x 96 tests
EGF Receptor Mouse Capture mAb 1 x 1 ea Green (Lyophilized)
Phospho-EGF Receptor (Tyr1068) Rabbit HRP-linked mAb 1 x 1 ea Red (Lyophilized)
FastScan™ ELISA Capture Antibody Diluent 1 x 3 ml Green
FastScan™ ELISA HRP Antibody Diluent 1 x 3 ml
TMB Substrate 7004 1 x 11 ml
STOP Solution 7002 1 x 11 ml
Sealing Tape 1 x 1 ea
ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) 9801 1 x 25 ml
FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Buffer (5X) 69905 1 x 10 ml
FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (50X) 25243 1 x 1 ml
FastScan™ ELISA Kit #89897 Positive Control 2 x 1 ea

FastScan™ ELISA Protocol

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with deionized/purified water or equivalent.
Prepare only as much reagent as needed on the day of the experiment.

  1. FastScan™ ELISA Microwell Strip Plate, 96 well (#53257): Bring all to room temperature before opening bag/use. Unused microwell strips should be returned to the original re-sealable bag containing the desiccant pack and stored at 4°C.
  2. 1X ELISA Wash Buffer: Prepare by diluting ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) (included in each kit) to 1X with deionized water.
  3. 1X Cell Extraction Buffer: Prepare by diluting FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Buffer (5X) #69905 and FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (50X) #25243* to 1X with deionized water. This buffer can be stored at 4°C for short-term use (1-2 weeks). To make 10 mL 1X Cell Extraction Buffer, combine 7.8 mL deionized water, 2 mL FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Buffer (5X), and 200 μL FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (50X). Alternatively, Enhancer Solution may be added to the Cell Extraction Buffer after extraction of cells or tissue. When using the 1X Cell Extraction Buffer as a sample diluent for the assay, it is recommended to equilibrate it to room temperature prior to use.
  4. *IMPORTANT: The provided FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (50X) may precipitate when stored at 4°C. To dissolve, warm briefly at 37°C and mix gently. The FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (50X) can be stored at room temperature to avoid precipitation.

    NOTE: The 1X Cell Extraction Buffer contains phosphatase inhibitors. Protease inhibitors should be added to the 1X Cell Extraction Buffer immediately prior to lysing cells. Additional phosphatase inhibitors can also be added (e.g. Protease/Phosphatase Inhibitor Cocktail (100X) #5872, not supplied).

  5. FastScan™ ELISA Capture Antibody Diluent: Green diluent for reconstitution of the Capture Antibody.
  6. FastScan™ ELISA HRP Antibody Diluent: Diluent (amber bottle) for reconstitution of the HRP-linked Antibody. Protect from light.
  7. 4X Capture Antibody: Reconstitute lyophilized Capture Antibody (green colored cake) with 3 mL FastScan™ ELISA Capture Antibody Diluent (green diluent). Incubate at room temperature for 5 min with occasional gentle mixing to fully reconstitute. For best results, use immediately following antibody reconstitution. Unused reconstituted 4X Capture Antibody may be stored for up to 4 weeks at 4°C, although there may be some loss of signal compared to freshly reconstituted antibody.
  8. 4X HRP-linked Antibody: Reconstitute lyophilized HRP-linked Antibody (red colored cake) with 3 mL FastScan™ ELISA HRP Antibody Diluent. Incubate at room temperature for 5 min with occasional gentle mixing to fully reconstitute. For best results, use immediately following antibody reconstitution. Unused reconstituted 4X HRP-linked Antibody may be stored for up to 4 weeks at 4°C protected from light, although there may be some loss of signal compared to freshly reconstituted antibody.
  9. Antibody Cocktail: Combine equal volumes of the reconstituted 4X Capture and 4X HRP-linked Antibodies immediately prior to assay and mix. To make 6 mL of the Antibody Cocktail (enough for 1x 96-well plate), combine 3 mL 4X Capture Antibody with 3 mL 4X HRP-linked Antibody.
  10. Positive Control: Reconstitute 1 vial of lyophilized Positive Control by adding 250 μL deionized water. Mix thoroughly and gently, hold at room temperature for 1 minute and then follow the steps outlined below in the "Test Procedure" section. Positive Controls are recommended to be used immediately after reconstituting in deionized water, however remaining material may be stored at -80°C (there may be some loss of the positive control signal if freeze/thawed). Positive Controls are supplied as a control reagent, not as an absolute quantitation measure.
  11. TMB Substrate (#7004): Bring to room temperature before use.
  12. STOP Solution (#7002): Bring to room temperature before use.

B. Preparing Cell Lysates

For adherent cells

  1. Aspirate media when the culture reaches 80-90% confluence.
  2. Remove media and rinse cells once with ice-cold 1X PBS.
  3. Remove PBS and add 0.5 mL ice-cold 1X Cell Extraction Buffer (recommended to supplement with protease inhibitors and additional phosphatase inhibitors as needed) to each plate (10 cm diameter) and incubate the plate on ice for 5 min.
  4. Scrape cells off the plate and transfer to an appropriate tube. Keep on ice.
  5. Sonicate lysates on ice.
  6. Microcentrifuge for 5 min (x14,000 rpm) at 4°C and transfer the supernatant to a new tube. The supernatant is the cell lysate. Store at −80°C in single-use aliquots.

For suspension cells

  1. Remove media by low speed centrifugation (~1200 rpm) when the culture reaches 0.5-1.0 x 106 viable cells/ml.
  2. Wash once with ice-cold 1X PBS.
  3. Cells harvested from 50 mL of growth media can be lysed in 2.0 mL of 1X Cell Extraction Buffer (recommended to supplement with protease inhibitors and additional phosphatase inhibitors as needed).
  4. Sonicate lysates on ice.
  5. Microcentrifuge for 5 min (x14,000 rpm) at 4°C and transfer the supernatant to a new tube. The supernatant is the cell lysate. Store at −80°C in single-use aliquots.

C. Test Procedure

NOTE: Equilibrate all materials and prepared reagents to room temperature prior to running the assay.

  1. Prepare all reagents as indicated above (Section A).
  2. Samples should be undiluted or diluted with 1X Cell Extraction Buffer to a 2X protein concentration in order to achieve a final 1X protein concentration upon addition of the antibody cocktail. Individual datasheets for each kit provide a sensitivity curve that serves as a reference for selection of an appropriate starting lysate concentration. The sensitivity curve shows typical results across a range of lysate concentration points.
  3. Add 50 μL of each sample or Positive Control to the appropriate wells.
  4. Add 50 μL of the Antibody Cocktail to each well.
  5. Seal the plate with the supplied sealing tape and incubate for 1 hour at room temperature on a plate shaker set to 400 rpm (moderate agitation).
  6. Gently remove the tape and wash wells:
    1. Discard plate contents into a receptacle.
    2. Wash 3 times with 1X ELISA Wash Buffer, 200 μL each time for every well. After each wash, aspirate or decant from wells. Invert the plate and blot it against clean paper towels to remove the residual solution in each well, but do not allow wells to completely dry at any time.
    3. Clean the underside of all wells with a lint-free tissue.
  7. Add 100 μL of TMB Substrate to each well. Seal with tape and incubate the plate in the dark for 15 min at room temperature on a plate shaker (400 rpm, moderate agitation) or alternatively for 10 min at 37°C without shaking.
  8. Add 100 μL of STOP Solution to each well. Shake gently for a few seconds.
  9. NOTE: Initial color of positive reaction is blue, which changes to yellow upon addition of STOP Solution.

  10. Read results:
    1. Visual Determination: Read within 30 min after adding STOP Solution.
    2. Spectrophotometric Determination: Wipe underside of wells with a lint-free tissue. Read absorbance at 450 nm within 30 min after adding STOP Solution.

posted May 2018

The FastScan™ Phospho-EGF Receptor (Tyr1068) ELISA Kit is a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of EGF Receptor when phosphorylated at Tyr1068. To perform the assay, sample is incubated with a capture antibody conjugated with a proprietary tag and a second detection antibody linked to HRP, forming a sandwich with phospho-EGF Receptor (Tyr1068) in solution. This entire complex is immobilized to the plate via an anti-tag antibody. The wells are then washed to remove unbound material. TMB is then added. The magnitude of observed signal is proportional to the quantity of phospho-EGF Receptor (Tyr1068). Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit.

The FastScan™ Phospho-EGF Receptor (Tyr1068) ELISA Kit detects endogenous levels of EGF Receptor when phosphorylated at Tyr1068 as shown in Figure 1. This kit detects proteins from the indicated species, as determined through in-house testing, but may also detect homologous proteins from other species.

Species Reactivity:

Human, Monkey

The epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor is a transmembrane tyrosine kinase that belongs to the HER/ErbB protein family. Ligand binding results in receptor dimerization, autophosphorylation, activation of downstream signaling, internalization, and lysosomal degradation (1,2). Phosphorylation of EGF receptor (EGFR) at Tyr845 in the kinase domain is implicated in stabilizing the activation loop, maintaining the active state enzyme, and providing a binding surface for substrate proteins (3,4). c-Src is involved in phosphorylation of EGFR at Tyr845 (5). The SH2 domain of PLCγ binds at phospho-Tyr992, resulting in activation of PLCγ-mediated downstream signaling (6). Phosphorylation of EGFR at Tyr1045 creates a major docking site for the adaptor protein c-Cbl, leading to receptor ubiquitination and degradation following EGFR activation (7,8). The GRB2 adaptor protein binds activated EGFR at phospho-Tyr1068 (9). A pair of phosphorylated EGFR residues (Tyr1148 and Tyr1173) provide a docking site for the Shc scaffold protein, with both sites involved in MAP kinase signaling activation (2). Phosphorylation of EGFR at specific serine and threonine residues attenuates EGFR kinase activity. EGFR carboxy-terminal residues Ser1046 and Ser1047 are phosphorylated by CaM kinase II; mutation of either of these serines results in upregulated EGFR tyrosine autophosphorylation (10).

  1. Hackel, P.O. et al. (1999) Curr Opin Cell Biol 11, 184-9.
  2. Zwick, E. et al. (1999) Trends Pharmacol Sci 20, 408-12.
  3. Cooper, J.A. and Howell, B. (1993) Cell 73, 1051-4.
  4. Hubbard, S.R. et al. (1994) Nature 372, 746-54.
  5. Biscardi, J.S. et al. (1999) J Biol Chem 274, 8335-43.
  6. Emlet, D.R. et al. (1997) J Biol Chem 272, 4079-86.
  7. Levkowitz, G. et al. (1999) Mol Cell 4, 1029-40.
  8. Ettenberg, S.A. et al. (1999) Oncogene 18, 1855-66.
  9. Rojas, M. et al. (1996) J Biol Chem 271, 27456-61.
  10. Feinmesser, R.L. et al. (1999) J Biol Chem 274, 16168-73.
Entrez-Gene Id
1956
Swiss-Prot Acc.
P00533
For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.

Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
FastScan™ ELISA is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
U.S. Patents 9,086,407, 9,261,500, and 9,476,874, foreign equivalents, and child patents deriving therefrom.

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89897C
1 Kit (96 assays) $ 499.0