Figure 1. Treatment of A-431 cells with hEGF #8916 stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation of EGF receptor detected by PathScan® Phospho-EGF Receptor (panTyr) Sandwich ELISA Kit #7911, but does not affect the level of total EGF receptor detected by PathScan® Total EGF Receptor Sandwich ELISA Kit #7250. The absorbance readings at 450 nm are shown in the top figure, while the corresponding western blots using EGF Receptor Antibody #2232 (left panel) or Phospho-EGF Receptor (Tyr1173) (53A2) Rabbit mAb #4407 (right panel) are shown in the bottom figure.
Figure 2. The relationship between protein concentration of lysates from untreated and EGF-treated A-431 cells and the absorbance at 450 nm is shown. After starvation, A-431 cells (85% confluence) were treated with hEGF #8916 (100 ng/ml) for 5 min at 37°C and then lysed.
|Product Includes||Volume||Solution Color|
|EGF Receptor Rabbit mAb Coated Microwells||96 tests|
|Phospho Tyrosine Mouse Detection mAb||1 ea||Green (Lyophilized)|
|Anti-mouse IgG, HRP-linked Antibody (ELISA Formulated)||1 ea||Red (Lyophilized)|
|Detection Antibody Diluent||11 ml||Green|
|HRP Diluent||11 ml||Red|
|TMB Substrate 7004||11 ml|
|STOP Solution 7002||11 ml|
|Sealing Tape||2 ea|
|ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) 9801||25 ml|
|ELISA Sample Diluent||25 ml||Blue|
|Cell Lysis Buffer (10X) 9803||15 ml|
The PathScan® Phospho-EGF Receptor (panTyr) Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of tyrosine-phosphorylated EGF receptor protein. An EGF Receptor Rabbit mAb has been coated on the microwells. After incubation with cell lysates, EGF receptor protein (phospho and nonphospho) is captured by the coated antibody. Following extensive washing, a Phospho-Tyrosine Mouse Detection mAb is added to detect captured tyrosine-phosphorylated EGF receptor protein. Anti-mouse IgG, HRP-linked Antibody is then used to recognize the bound detection antibody. HRP substrate TMB is added to develop color. The magnitude of the absorbance for this developed color is proportional to the quantity of EGF receptor protein phosphorylated at tyrosine residues.
Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with purified water.
*NOTE: Some PathScan® ELISA Kits may include HRP-Linked Streptavidin in place of HRP-Linked Antibody.
NOTE: Initial color of positive reaction is blue, which changes to yellow upon addition of STOP Solution.
posted November 2013
Protocol Id: 204
PathScan® Phospho-EGF Receptor (panTyr) Sandwich ELISA Kit detects endogenous levels of tyrosine-phosphorylated EGF receptor protein in human cells, as shown in Figure 1. The kit sensitivity is shown in Figure 2. This kit detects proteins from the indicated species, as determined through in-house testing, but may also detect homologous proteins from other species.Species Reactivity:
The epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor is a transmembrane tyrosine kinase that belongs to the HER/ErbB protein family. Ligand binding results in receptor dimerization, autophosphorylation, activation of downstream signaling, internalization, and lysosomal degradation (1,2). Phosphorylation of EGF receptor (EGFR) at Tyr845 in the kinase domain is implicated in stabilizing the activation loop, maintaining the active state enzyme, and providing a binding surface for substrate proteins (3,4). c-Src is involved in phosphorylation of EGFR at Tyr845 (5). The SH2 domain of PLCγ binds at phospho-Tyr992, resulting in activation of PLCγ-mediated downstream signaling (6). Phosphorylation of EGFR at Tyr1045 creates a major docking site for the adaptor protein c-Cbl, leading to receptor ubiquitination and degradation following EGFR activation (7,8). The GRB2 adaptor protein binds activated EGFR at phospho-Tyr1068 (9). A pair of phosphorylated EGFR residues (Tyr1148 and Tyr1173) provide a docking site for the Shc scaffold protein, with both sites involved in MAP kinase signaling activation (2). Phosphorylation of EGFR at specific serine and threonine residues attenuates EGFR kinase activity. EGFR carboxy-terminal residues Ser1046 and Ser1047 are phosphorylated by CaM kinase II; mutation of either of these serines results in upregulated EGFR tyrosine autophosphorylation (10).
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PathScan is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.