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1040
Phospho-ATF-2 (Thr69/71) Blocking Peptide
Experimental Controls
Blocking Peptide

Phospho-ATF-2 (Thr69/71) Blocking Peptide #1040

Citations (0)
Phospho-ATF-2 (Thr69/71) Blocking Peptide: Image 1
Western blot analysis of whole cell lysates from NIH/3T3 cells treated and untreated with UV light, probed with Phospho-ATF-2 (Thr69/71) Antibody #9225 (left) and with the same antibody co-incubated with specific blocking peptide (right).
Phospho-ATF-2 (Thr69/71) Blocking Peptide: Image 2
Immunohistochemical staining of paraffin-embedded human breast carcinoma, using Phospho-ATF-2 (Thr69/71) Antibody #9225 preincubated with irrelevant control peptide (left) and Phospho-ATF-2 (Thr69/71) Blocking Peptide (right).

Product Usage Information

For immunohistochemistry, add twice the volume of peptide as volume of antibody used in 100 µl total volume. Incubate for a minimum of 30 minutes prior to adding the entire volume to the slide. Recommended antibody dilutions can be found on the relevant product data sheet.

For Western immunoblotting, add 10 µl of antibody and 10 µl of blocking peptide to 10 ml of antibody dilution buffer, and incubate at room

temperature for 30 minutes before allowing to react with the blot.

Storage

Supplied in 20 mM potassium phosphate (pH 7.0), 50 mM NaCl, 0.1 mM EDTA, 1 mg/ml BSA and 5% glycerol. Store at –20°C.

Product Description

This peptide is used to block Phospho-ATF-2 (Thr69/71) Antibody #9225 reactivity.

Quality Control

The quality of the peptide was evaluated by reversed-phase HPLC and by mass spectrometry. The peptide blocks Phospho-ATF-2 (Thr69/71) Antibody #9225 by immunohistochemistry and Western Blotting.

Background

The transcription factor ATF-2 (also called CRE-BP1) binds to both AP-1 and CRE DNA response elements and is a member of the ATF/CREB family of leucine zipper proteins (1). ATF-2 interacts with a variety of viral oncoproteins and cellular tumor suppressors and is a target of the SAPK/JNK and p38 MAP kinase signaling pathways (2-4). Various forms of cellular stress, including genotoxic agents, inflammatory cytokines, and UV irradiation, stimulate the transcriptional activity of ATF-2. Cellular stress activates ATF-2 by phosphorylation of Thr69 and Thr71 (2-4). Both SAPK and p38 MAPK have been shown to phosphorylate ATF-2 at these sites in vitro and in cells transfected with ATF-2. Mutations of these sites result in the loss of stress-induced transcription by ATF-2 (2-4). In addition, mutations at these sites reduce the ability of E1A and Rb to stimulate gene expression via ATF-2 (2).
  1. Abdel-Hafiz, H.A. et al. (1992) Mol Endocrinol 6, 2079-89.
  2. Gupta, S. et al. (1995) Science 267, 389-93.
  3. van Dam, H. et al. (1995) EMBO J 14, 1798-811.
  4. Livingstone, C. et al. (1995) EMBO J 14, 1785-97.

Pathways & Proteins

Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.

Limited Uses

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Products are labeled with For Research Use Only or a similar labeling statement and have not been approved, cleared, or licensed by the FDA or other regulatory foreign or domestic entity, for any purpose. Customer shall not use any Product for any diagnostic or therapeutic purpose, or otherwise in any manner that conflicts with its labeling statement. Products sold or licensed by CST are provided for Customer as the end-user and solely for research and development uses. Any use of Product for diagnostic, prophylactic or therapeutic purposes, or any purchase of Product for resale (alone or as a component) or other commercial purpose, requires a separate license from CST. Customer shall (a) not sell, license, loan, donate or otherwise transfer or make available any Product to any third party, whether alone or in combination with other materials, or use the Products to manufacture any commercial products, (b) not copy, modify, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or otherwise attempt to discover the underlying structure or technology of the Products, or use the Products for the purpose of developing any products or services that would compete with CST's products or services, (c) not alter or remove from the Products any trademarks, trade names, logos, patent or copyright notices or markings, (d) use the Products solely in accordance with CST's Product Terms of Sale and any applicable documentation, and (e) comply with any license, terms of service or similar agreement with respect to any third party products or services used by Customer in connection with the Products.

For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
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